Okka W Hamer

University Hospital Regensburg, Ratisbon, Bavaria, Germany

Are you Okka W Hamer?

Claim your profile

Publications (106)274.39 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Drug-induced interstitial lung diseases (DILD) are probably more common than diagnosed. Due to their potential reversibility, increased vigilance towards DILD is appropriate also from the radiologist's point of view, particularly as these diseases regularly exhibit radiological correlates in high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) of the lungs.Based on personal experience typical relatively common manifestations of DILD are diffuse alveolar damage (DAD), eosinophilic pneumonia (EP), hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP), organizing pneumonia (OP), non-specific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP) and usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP). These patterns are presented based on case studies, whereby emphasis is placed on the clinical context. This is to highlight the relevance of interdisciplinary communication and discussion in the diagnostic field of DILD as it is a diagnosis of exclusion or of probability in most cases.Helpful differential diagnostic indications for the presence of DILD, such as an accompanying eosinophilia or increased attenuation of pulmonary consolidations in amiodarone-induced pneumopathy are mentioned and the freely available online database http://www.pneumotox.com is presented.
    Der Radiologe 12/2014; · 0.47 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Knowledge about the molecular pathomechanisms of sarcopenia is still sparse, especially with regard to nutritional risk factors and the subtype of sarcopenic obesity. Objective: The aim of this study was to characterize diet-induced and age-related changes on the quality and quantity of the quadriceps muscle in a rat model of sarcopenia by different magnetic resonance (MR) techniques. Methods: A total of 36 6-month-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly subdivided into 2 groups and received either a high-fat diet (HFD) or a control diet (CD). At the age of 16 months, 15 HFD and 18 CD rats underwent MR at 1.5 T. T1-weighted images as well as T2 relaxation time maps were acquired perpendicular to the long axis of the quadriceps muscles. Maximum cross-sectional area (CSA) of the quadriceps muscle was measured on T1-weighted images, and T2 relaxation times of muscle were assessed in a region without visible intramuscular fat (T2lean muscle) and across the complete CSA (T2muscle). Furthermore, (1)H-MR spectroscopy was performed to evaluate the relative lipid content of the quadriceps muscles. These measurements were repeated 5 months later in the surviving 8 HFD and 14 CD rats. Results: HFD rats revealed significantly decreased CSA and CSA per body weight (BW) as well as prolonged T2 relaxation times of muscle. A higher weight gain (upper tertile during the first 6 months of diet in CD rats) resulted in a significant change of T2muscle, but had no relevant impact on CSA. Advancing age up to 21 months led to significantly decreased BW, CSA and CSA/BW, significantly prolonged T2muscle and T2lean muscle and enlarged lipid content in the quadriceps muscle. Conclusions: In an experimental setting a chronically fat-enriched diet was shown to have a relevant and age-associated influence on both muscle quantity and quality. By translational means the employed MR techniques give rise to the possibility of an early detection and noninvasive quantification of sarcopenia in humans, which is highly relevant for the field of geriatrics. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Gerontology 06/2014; · 2.68 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE. In patients with acute necrotizing pancreatitis, we analyzed whether laboratory and clinical findings determined in the early phase of disease and morphologic features on contrast-enhanced CT (CECT) at the beginning of the late phase of disease are helpful in predicting patient outcome and whether CECT findings provide additional information in establishing prognosis compared with the laboratory and clinical findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS. A retrospective analysis of 99 patients with acute necrotizing pancreatitis was performed. Four laboratory variables (albumin, calcium, C-reactive protein, WBC count) and three clinical variables (Acute Physiology, Age, Chronic Health Evaluation [APACHE] II score; Simplified Acute Physiology Score [SAPS] II; persistent organ failure) were assessed. Five morphologic features on CECT including Balthazar grade and CT severity index were reviewed. The endpoints of patient outcome were peripancreatic or pancreatic infection, need for intervention, duration of organ failure, ICU and hospital stays, and death. Based on receiver operating characteristic curve analysis for infection, high-and low-risk groups for each prognostic variable were calculated and univariable and multivariable Cox regression analyses were carried out. RESULTS. In our study population of 99 patients (63 men, 36 women; median age, 52 years; age range, 18-84 years), 25 patients (25%) developed infection, 42 patients (42%) experienced organ failure, and 12 patients (12%) died. Regarding the laboratory and clinical variables, albumin level, APACHE II score, and particularly persistent organ failure were the strongest independent predictors of patient outcome. Regarding the imaging variables, Balthazar grade and a morphologic feature that takes the distribution of intrapancreatic necrosis into account were the strongest independent predictors. In the multivariable analysis of all studied variables, imaging variables were independent and strong predictors of patient outcome and provided additional information in establishing prognosis compared with clinical and laboratory findings. CONCLUSION. In patients with suspected or proven acute necrotizing pancreatitis, performing CECT at the beginning of the late phase of disease is recommended to identify patients at increased risk for adverse outcomes.
    AJR. American journal of roentgenology. 06/2014; 202(6):1215-31.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The increasing availability of computed tomography has meant that the number of incidentally detected solitary pulmonary nodules (SPN) has greatly increased in recent years. A reasonable management of these SPN is necessary in order to firstly be able to detect malignant lesions early on and secondly to avoid upsetting the patient unnecessarily or carrying out further stressful diagnostic procedures. This review article shows how the dignity of SPNs can be estimated and based on this how the management can be accomplished taking established guidelines into consideration.
    Der Radiologe 05/2014; 54(5):436-48. · 0.47 Impact Factor
  • European heart journal cardiovascular Imaging. 11/2013;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) may be a risk factor for expansion of infarct size early after acute myocardial infarction (MI) by exposing the heart to repetitive oxygen desaturations and increased cardiac afterload. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of SDB on myocardial salvage and infarct size within 3 months after acute MI. Patients with acute MI and percutaneous coronary intervention were enrolled in this prospective observational study. All patients underwent cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) to define salvaged myocardium and infarct size within three to five days and at 3 months after acute MI. Patients were stratified according to apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI) assessed by polysomnography at baseline into those with (AHI ≥15/h) and without (AHI <15/h) SDB. Of the 56 patients included, 29 (52%) had SDB. The area at risk between both groups was similar (40 ± 12% vs. 40 ± 14%, P = 0.925). Patients with SDB had significantly less salvaged myocardium (myocardial salvage index 52% vs. 77%, P < 0.001), smaller reduction in infarct size (0.3% vs. 6.5%, P < 0.001) within 3 months after acute MI, a larger final infarct size (23% vs. 12%, P < 0.001), and a lower final left ventricular ejection fraction (48% vs. 54%, P = 0.023). In a multivariate analysis, including established risk factors for large MI, AHI was independently associated with less myocardial salvage and a larger infarct size 3 months after acute MI. Sleep-disordered breathing was associated with less myocardial salvage and a smaller reduction in infarct size. These findings suggest a contribution of SDB to impaired healing of MI.
    European Heart Journal 10/2013; · 14.72 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Case Report. German Language. No abstract available.
    RöFo - Fortschritte auf dem Gebiet der R 08/2013; 186(2):178-9. · 2.76 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: AIMS: We investigated predictors of left atrial volume reduction (LAVR) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) undergoing AF ablation.METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixty patients with AF underwent pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) using a pulmonary vein ablation catheter (PVAC). All patients underwent cardiac imaging by computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging to determine LAV 1 day before and 140 ± 9.5 days after PVI. Clinical follow-up and 72 h electrocardiogram Holter monitoring were performed 1, 3, and 6 months after ablation, and every 6 months thereafter. Significant LAVR (n = 60, 89.3 ± 3.9 vs. 79.5 ± 3.6 mL, P < 0.0001) was shown for the study group as a whole, caused particularly by the subgroup of patients with ablation success (n = 45, 85.2 ± 4.6 vs. 72.5 ± 3.7 mL, P < 0.0001). In addition, significant LAVR was shown for patients with lone AF (n = 25, 88.8 ± 6.8 vs. 72.7 ± 5.3 mL, P < 0.0001), but not for patients with AF and concomitant arterial hypertension (n = 32, 89 ± 4.8 vs. 86.7 ± 5 mL, P = 0.3), coronary artery disease (n = 12, 91.6 ± 7.8 vs. 89.1 ± 7.8 mL, P = 0.26), or left ventricular hypertrophy (n = 10, 86.3 ± 5.5 vs. 83.1 ± 5.3 mL, P = 0.27). Multivariate analysis revealed absence of arterial hypertension, lone AF, ablation success, and initial LA enlargement as independent predictors for significant LAVR following ablation (each P < 0.05).CONCLUSION: Based on the subgroup of patients with lone AF, PVI leads to a significant LAVR 4 months after the procedure, especially in patients with clinical success in terms of AF freedom. Comorbidities such as arterial hypertension may prevent this reverse atrial remodelling, despite AF freedom. Clinical implications need to be further elucidated.
    Europace 06/2013; · 2.77 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The complex anatomy of the aortic annulus warrants the use of three dimensional (3D) modalities for prosthesis sizing in transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Multislice computed tomography (MSCT) has been used for this purpose, but its use may be restricted because of contrast administration. 3D transesophageal echocardiography (3D-TEE) lacks this limitation and data on comparison with MSCT is scarce. We compared 3D-TEE with MSCT for prosthesis sizing in TAVI. METHODS: Aortic annulus diameters in the sagittal and coronal plane and annulus areas in 3D-TEE and MSCT were compared in 57 patients undergoing TAVI. Final prosthesis size was left at the operator's discretion and the agreement with 3D-TEE and MSCT was calculated. RESULTS: Sagittal diameters on 3D-TEE and MSCT correlated well (r=.754, p<.0001) and means were comparable (22.3±2.1 vs. 22.5±2.3mm; p=0.2; mean difference: -0.3mm [-3.3-2.8]). On 3D-TEE, coronal diameter and annulus area were significantly smaller (p<.0001 for both) with moderate correlation (r=0.454 and r=0.592). Interobserver variability was comparable for both modalities. TAVI was successful in all patients with no severe post-procedural insufficiency. Final prosthesis size was best predicted by sagittal annulus diameters in 84% and 79% by 3D-TEE and MSCT, respectively. Agreement between both modalities was 77%. CONCLUSIONS: Annulus diameters and areas for pre-procedural TAVI assessment by 3D-TEE are significantly smaller than MSCT with exception of sagittal diameters. Using sagittal diameters, both modalities predicted well final prosthesis size and excellent procedural results were obtained. 3D-TEE can thus be a useful alternative in patients with contraindications to MSCT.
    International journal of cardiology 05/2013; · 6.18 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) may promote an increase in cardiac workload early after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We tested the hypothesis that in the early phase after AMI, SDB is associated with increased 24-h arterial BP, heart rate (HR), and, thus, cardiac workload. METHODS: In this prospective study, 55 consecutive patients with AMI and subsequent percutaneous coronary intervention (78% men; mean age, 54 ± 10 y; mean BMI, 28.3 ± 3.6 kg/m2; mean left ventricular ejection fraction [LVEF], 47% ± 8%) underwent polysomnography and 24-h ambulatory BP and heart rate monitoring within 5 days after MI. Cardiac workload was calculated as systolic BP multiplied by HR. The presence of SDB was defined as ≥ 10 apneas and hypopneas per hour of sleep. RESULTS: Fifty-five percent of the patients had SDB, of which 40% was predominantly central in nature. Patients with SDB had higher 24-h HR and systolic and diastolic BP compared with those without SDB (115 vs 108 mm Hg, P = .029; 71 vs 67 mm Hg, P = .034; 69 vs 64 beats/min, P = .050, respectively). Use of antihypertensive medication and β-receptor blockers was similar in both groups. In a multivariate linear regression analysis, SDB was significantly associated with an increased 24-h cardiac workload (β-coefficient, 0.364; 95% CI, 0.071-0.657; P = .016), independently of age, sex, BMI, LVEF, and antihypertensive medication. CONCLUSION: Patients with AMI and SDB have significantly increased 24-h BP, HR, and cardiac workload. Treatment of SDB may be a valuable nonpharmacologic approach to lower cardiac workload in these patients.
    Chest 05/2013; 143(5):1294-1301. · 7.13 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) often leads to dilatation of the pulmonary artery (PA), which can be measured on chest computed tomography (CT). While the predictive capability of PA dilatation is useful to distinguish PH (mean PA pressure ≥25 mmHg) from normal (mean PA pressure ≤ 20 mmHg), CT characteristics of borderline PH (mean PA pressure 21-24 mmHg) have not been described. We aimed to investigate whether patients with borderline PH already show PA dilatation and to assess the diagnostic accuracy of PA dilatation for borderline PH diagnosis. Between April 2003 and September 2008, consecutive symptomatic patients with a mean PA pressure below 25 mmHg on right heart catheterization who had a chest CT available were retrospectively included. PA diameters from chest CT were correlated with hemodynamic measurements and analyzed with respect to their accuracy of predicting borderline PH. Main PA diameters were significantly larger in 26 patients with borderline PH compared with 52 patients without PH (3.16 ± 0.53 vs. 2.78 ± 0.43 cm, P = 0.001). The main PA diameter on CT correlated with mean PA pressure (r = 0.496, P < 0.001) and pulmonary vascular resistance (r = 0.445, P < 0.001), and predicted borderline PH with sensitivity, specificity, negative and positive predictive values of 77%, 62%, 84%, and 50%, respectively, using a cutoff ≥2.9 cm. This first systematic investigation of CT parameters in symptomatic patients with mean PA pressures less than 25 mmHg could show that, even in patients with borderline PH, significant PA dilatation can be present, which was related to PA pressure and pulmonary vascular resistance. This can be useful for identification of patients with borderline PH for further study and to prompt further diagnostic work-up of possible underlying diseases.
    Pulmonary circulation. 04/2013; 3(2):363-8.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: We investigate the frequency of esophageal tissue injury (ETI) following ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) using the pulmonary vein ablation catheter (PVAC) ascertained by esophageal endoscopy (ESE) and corresponding magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: A total of 41 patients with symptomatic AF presenting for pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) were included consecutively in two observational groups. Group A received MRI the day before and ESE plus MRI within 3-4 weeks following the ablation procedure using the PVAC. Group B received MRI the day before and ESE plus MRI within 2 days after PVI. MRI included T2-weighted and T1-weighted postcontrast with fat suppression (fs) and late-enhancement scans to demonstrate postprocedural edema and contrast enhancement of the esophageal wall. RESULTS: A total of 13 (32%) patients were enrolled in Group A (26 ± 11 days post-PVI), and 28 (68%) patients in Group B (2 ± 0.6 days post-PVI). ETI was found by ESE in one (2%) patient (Group B) and resolved under conservative therapy. Corresponding MRI showed a false negative result with no alterations of esophageal structures using T1-weighted, T2-weighted, and late enhancement scans. In addition, false positive results were demonstrated by late-enhancement MRI in five (12%) patients (three patients in Group A and two patients in Group B), which could not be verified by corresponding ESE. CONCLUSIONS: Endoluminal ETI is a rare but possible complication, which should be considered following PVAC procedures. MRI of the esophagus is currently not a reliable screening method due to false positive and negative findings compared to ESE.
    Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology 02/2013; · 1.75 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Obesity has been suggested as a risk factor for sarcopenia. However, the underlying pathogenic concept of sarcopenic obesity is mainly based on phenotypical data from clinical observation. The present pilot study describes a rodent animal model which opens up prospects to carry out translational research of sarcopenic obesity in an experimental setting. Starting with 2 months, male Wistar rats were fed with a diet containing either 25 en % (control diet, CD) versus 45 en % (high fat diet, HFD) of neutral fat. At the age of 20 and 23 months quadriceps muscles were examined in vivo by magnetic resonance techniques which revealed a positive correlation between muscular fat and body weight (r = 0.639) and a negative correlation between muscular fat content and muscle volume (r = -0.742). Expression and phosphorylation status of proteins within the PKB/Akt and AMPK-dependent signaling pathway were examined in muscles of the 24 month-old animals which significantly showed a 50 percent upregulation of Ser(473)P-PKB/Akt and a 90 % constitutive downregulation of S6K1 in the HFD rats. Notably, S6K1 is a key mediator for muscular protein biosynthesis with additional negative feedback on PKB/Akt. Furthermore, muscular expression of the mitochondrial key regulator PGC-1α in the aged HFD rats was only 25 % of that concurrent controls (p = 0.029). These explorative findings in the aging high-fat fed rat might serve as a firm starting point for controlled longitudinal observations in a larger animal cohort of both sexes studying the natural history of sarcopenic obesity.
    Biogerontology 10/2012; · 3.19 Impact Factor
  • A Goetz, S Buchner, O W Hamer
    RöFo - Fortschritte auf dem Gebiet der R 04/2012; 184(4):369-70. · 2.76 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to test whether an improvement of left ventricular ejection fraction in the early phase after acute myocardial infarction is associated with a reduction of the severity of central and obstructive sleep apnoea.Forty consecutive patients with acute myocardial infarction underwent polysomnography and cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging within 5 days and 12 weeks after the event to assess sleep apnoea and cardiac function. We stratified the sample in patients who improved their left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) within 12 weeks by ≥5% (improved-EF-group, ΔEF 9±1% , n=16) and in those who did not (unchanged-EF-group, ΔEF -1±1%, n=24).Prevalence of sleep apnoea (≥15 apnoeas and hypopnoeas·h(-1)) within ≤5 days after myocardial infarction was 55%. Apnoeas and hypopnoeas·h(-1) were significantly more reduced in the improved-EF-group compared to the unchanged-EF-group (-10±3 versus 1±3·h(-1), p=0.036). This reduction was based on a significant alleviation of obstructive events (-7±2 versus 4±3·h(-1), p=0.009), while the reduction of central events was similar between groups (p=0.906).An improvement of cardiac function early after myocardial infarction is associated with an alleviation of sleep apnoea. This finding suggests that reevaluation of treatment indication for sleep apnoea is needed, when a change in cardiac function occurs.
    European Respiratory Journal 03/2012; · 6.36 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We evaluated the reliability of various multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) parameters for diagnosis and severity assessment of pulmonary hypertension (PH) with consideration of World Health Organization (WHO) classification. A total of 172 patients were included in this retrospective study. One hundred fourteen patients had a diagnosis of PH (mean pulmonary artery pressure ≥25 mm Hg), and 58 patients without PH (mean pulmonary artery pressure <20 mm Hg) served as control subjects. The patients with PH were grouped according to the WHO classification based on PH etiology. The patients with PH had significantly greater main, left, and right pulmonary artery diameters than the control subjects (P < 0.001). No significant differences within the PH subgroups were found. Receiver operating characteristic analysis showed reasonable sensitivity and specificity for selected MDCT parameters. The severity of PH did not correlate with MDCT parameters. Easy-to-determine MDCT parameters allow detection of PH independent of the WHO group. In patients with dilated aorta, the vertebra can be an alternative internal standard. Severity of PH cannot be estimated by MDCT parameters.
    Journal of computer assisted tomography 03/2012; 36(2):175-80. · 1.38 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We investigate the role of left atrial volume (LAV) as a predictor of outcome following pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) in patients with exclusive paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). PVI was performed in 213 patients (80 females, aged 60 ± 10 years) with paroxysmal AF using either the pulmonary vein ablation catheter (PVAC, n = 78) or conventional single-tip ablation (n = 135). LAV was assessed by multi-detector computed tomography (n = 39) or cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (n = 174) prior to ablation. LA diameter (LAD) and LA area were determined by echocardiography. Patients were followed up for 12 months clinically and with 72-h Holter ECG. The mean LAV was 85 ± 28 ml (range, 22-189 ml). Mean LAD and mean LA area were 43 ± 6 mm and 23 ± 6 cm². After a follow-up period of 18 ± 5 months, 202 patients were analyzed. AF recurrence was documented in 50 (23%) patients. Univariate analysis showed age (59 ± 11 vs. 65 ± 6 years, p = 0.049), LA area (23 ± 5 vs. 27 ± 6 cm², p = 0.03), and LAV (80 ± 27 vs. 96 ± 28 ml, p = 0.04) to be significantly associated with the outcome. Multivariate analysis revealed that none of these parameters were statistically significant (hazards ratio LAV, 0.52-1.12, p = 0.058; LA area, 0.63-1.14, p = 0.069; and age, 0.90-1.09, p = 0.41). In the case of AF recurrence, patients with LAV >95 ml showed a significantly higher probability for the occurrence of persistent AF (24% vs. 8%, p = 0.02). The assessment of LA size should not be incorporated as a main factor with regard to predicted ablation success in patients with paroxysmal AF being considered for PVI, as PVI may be successful even with considerable LA enlargement. Ablation should be performed promptly in patients with LAV ≤ 95 ml to prevent further LA dilatation, as patients with LAV >95 ml have an increased probability to develop persistent AF in the case of ablation failure.
    Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology 01/2012; 34(2):181-8. · 1.39 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Clinical relevance of colonic bowel wall thickening seen on abdominal CT scans is unknown. Recommendations for further diagnostic procedures are lacking. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate detecting of bowel wall thickening on CT scan and findings that were seen in case of endoscopical evaluation. The radiological database was retrospectively reviewed for all reports of CT scans from 2003 to 2009 at the University Hospital Regensburg, Germany. Patients with underlying diseases for suspected bowel wall thickening were excluded. Sixty-two patients with bowel wall thickening were detected. Twenty-one percent (13/62) had generalized bowel wall thickening. In 58%, bowel wall thickening was limited to one segment of the colon (36/62), mostly left sided (25/62). Forty-four percent of patients (27/62) were sent to endoscopy. In 15% (4/27), malignancy was suspected, and it could be histologically confirmed in two patients. Nineteen percent (5/27) had normal endoscopy, and 67% (18/62) showed benign findings. Colonic bowel wall thickening is not a common finding on CT scan in this study. Consequential endoscopic evaluation was performed in less than 50% of patients. Pathological findings were detected in 80% of these patients. We recommend endoscopical evaluation if bowel wall thickening is reported on CT scan.
    International Journal of Colorectal Disease 12/2011; 27(5):601-4. · 2.24 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study sought to characterize the shape of regurgitant orifice area (ROA) and mitral apparatus in various forms of mitral regurgitation (MR) by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). ROA is an accepted parameter of MR severity. However, there are little data on the shape of the ROA in various forms of MR. Direct assessment of ROA was performed with a 1.5-T CMR scanner using a breath-hold fast imaging with steady-state free precession. The regurgitant orifice shape and the anatomy of the mitral valve apparatus including mitral annulus, mitral leaflet angles, and mitral valve tenting area were assessed. We studied 74 patients. MR severity was mild in 39%, moderate in 27%, and moderate-to-severe or severe in 34%. Mitral valve pathology was degenerative in 26%, prolapse in 22%, flail in 33%, and functional in 19%. For all patients, ROA correlated significantly with regurgitant fraction (r = 0.80, p < 0.001). The ROA shape index as expressed by the ratio of the larger length to the smaller length was a median of 2.04 (interquartile range [IQR]: 1.49 to 3.08) over all patients. CMR revealed significant asymmetry of the ROA geometry in functional MR 3.91 (IQR: 2.79 to 4.84) compared with prolapse 2.14 (IQR: 1.80 to 3.04), flail 2.20 (IQR: 1.69 to 2.91), and degenerative MR 1.24 (IQR: 1.09 to 1.57), all p < 0.01. The assessment of mitral valve geometry demonstrated that patients with functional MR had significantly increased leaflet angles, mitral valve tenting area, and mitral annulus area (all p < 0.05). Of note, the orifice shape index correlated with increasing leaflet angles in patients with functional MR (r = 0.68, p = 0.005). Direct assessment of ROA by CMR revealed significant asymmetry of ROA in various forms of MR, particularly in patients with functional MR. The slitlike appearance in functional MR correlates with a distended mitral apparatus.
    JACC. Cardiovascular imaging 10/2011; 4(10):1088-96. · 14.29 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The progression of acute pancreatitis to necrotizing pancreatitis which often results in high morbidity and mortality is difficult to predict. Here we report that serum concentrations of sCD137 are increased in patients with acute pancreatitis. Admission levels and 10-day median sCD137 levels positively correlate with markers of biliary pancreatitis and the 10-day sCD137 median is significantly higher in metabolic than in alcoholic pancreatitis. Serum concentrations of sCD137 at time of admission and the 10-day median of sCD137 correlate with the Ranson and APACHE II disease scores but not with the radiological Balthazar and Schroeder scores that reflect pancreatic and peripancreatic necrosis. Further, sCD137 levels correlate with the probability of complications and lethality. The association of sCD137, a product of activated T cells, with the severity of acute pancreatitis suggests that T cells contribute to the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis.
    Experimental and Molecular Pathology 09/2011; 92(1):1-6. · 2.13 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

552 Citations
274.39 Total Impact Points


  • 2002–2013
    • University Hospital Regensburg
      • • Klinik und Poliklinik für Innere Medizin I
      • • Institut für Röntgendiagnostik
      Ratisbon, Bavaria, Germany
  • 2001–2011
    • Universität Regensburg
      • Lehrstuhl für Innere Medizin I
      Regensburg, Bavaria, Germany
  • 2008
    • Vancouver General Hospital
      • Department of Radiology
      Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
  • 2005
    • Naval Medical Center San Diego
      • Department of Radiology
      San Diego, California, United States