V Sovová

Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Praha, Hlavni mesto Praha, Czech Republic

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Publications (64)127.03 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The differentiation of colorectal cancer cells is associated with the arrest of tumor growth and tumor regression. However, the mechanism of such tumor cell differentiation has not yet been elucidated. Several adenocarcinoma cell lines, including HT29 which differentiates only upon stimulation with a differentiation agent, have been used for the study of colorectal cells. Since we had previously obtained variable results during analyses of these cells, we selected several clones of this cell line. In this study, four clones of the parental HT29 cells, H8, G9, G10 and A3, were characterized. All of them differentiated upon treatment with sodium butyrate as the differentiation agent but they appeared different in their response regarding some of the markers of differentiation. As revealed by ultrastructural analysis, H8 and G10 clones formed numerous intercellular cysts with microvilli whereas these structures were found only occasionally in G9 and A3 clones. An elevated level of the indicator of cell differentiation, CEACAM 1, was found in H8 and G10 clones and the activity of alkaline phosphatase, another important marker of colorectal cell differentiation, was up-regulated and highly increased upon butyrate treatment in the H8 clone. Phosphorylation of p38 MAPK was increased in H8 and A3 butyrate-treated clones. According to the levels of cleaved PARP and activated caspase-3, the apoptotic response to butyrate appeared similar in all four clones, while electronoptic analysis revealed that clones G9 and A3 were more perceptive to butyrate-induced apoptosis. In conclusion, our data showed considerable heterogeneity in morphology and some enzymatic activity of the cloned cells. This fact may contribute to the evidence that many HT29 cells possess multipotent information similar to that of stem cells of the normal intestinal crypt.
    International Journal of Oncology 03/2006; 28(2):559-65. · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sodium butyrate or glucose deprivation induce a more differentiated phenotype in many cancer cells. The aim of this study was to determine whether the induction effect of butyrate and/or glucose deprivation is dependent, in some way, on the differentiation state of individual cell lines. Sodium butyrate enhanced alkaline phosphatase activity and induced formation of an ultrastructurally more differentiated phenotype in both HT29 and HT115 cell lines. Interestingly, the more invasive HT115 cells responded more strongly to butyrate treatment. On the other hand, the differentiation effect of glucose deprivation was much less prominent in the HT115 cell line in comparison with HT29 cells. Our data confirm the influence of the malignant potential of the cells on their response to treatment with differentiation and apoptosis-inducing agents. Butyrate treatment also enhanced the adhesiveness of HT115 cells. Since E-cadherin was not found in these cells, while the level of CEACAM1 was increased, it is obvious that the CEACAM1 molecules are involved in HT115 cell-cell adhesion.
    International Journal of Oncology 04/2005; 26(3):793-9. · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In epithelial cells, the cell surface glycoprotein E-cadherin is a key molecule in the establishment of cell-cell adhesion. In addition to its contribution to cell adhesion, E-cadherin was found to induce ligand-independent activation of the EGF receptor (EGFR), likely as a result of their co-clustering. As it has also been reported that ligand activation of the overexpressed EGFRs disturb E-cadherin-mediated cell-cell adhesion, we analyzed E-cadherin-EGFR interactions and their consequences in A431 cells and in two colorectal cancer cell lines using immunoblotting and analyzes of several protein kinase activities. Activation of the PI3-K/Akt/GSK-3 signaling pathway upon EGF treatment that we observed in the analyzed cells indicates that EGFRs are functional even in the colorectal cancer cells containing a low density of EGFRs. The transactivation of EGFR by E-cadherin did not occur either in the colorectal cancer cells tested or in A431 cells containing a high density of both EGFRs and E-cadherin on their surface. This observation suggests that high amounts of both molecules on the surface of tumour cells did not predetermine ligand-independent activation of EGFRs.
    International Journal of Oncology 12/2004; 25(5):1459-64. · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Growth factors and hormones activate global and selective protein translation by phosphorylation and therefore activation of p70 S6 kinase through a wortmannin-sensitive phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI-3K) antiapoptotic pathway and a rapamycin-sensitive signalling pathway of mTOR. Here we demonstrate that the phosphorylation of 40S ribosomal protein S6, a physiological substrate p70 S6 kinase, was highly increased by growth-stimulation of the cytolytic T cells (CTLL2) with interleukin 2 (IL2), which was accompanied with the increased phosphorylation of p70 S6K. The activity of p70 S6K and phosphorylation of the S6 protein was completely blocked by rapamycin and significantly decreased upon treatment of the cells with wortmannin, indicating an involvement of the PI-3K pathway in concert with the signalling pathway of mTOR in IL2-dependent phos-phorylation of ribosomal protein S6. The phosphorylation and activity of PKB/Akt in IL2-stimulated CTLL2 cells were rapamycin-insensitive and reduced upon wortmannin treatment of the cells, confirming a requirement for PI-3K for Akt activity. The data support the hypothesis that Akt may act downstream to PI-3K and upstream to mTOR in an IL2-mediated signal transduction pathway that controls phosphorylation of the regulatory protein S6 in CTLL2 cells.
    International Journal of Molecular Medicine 05/2004; 13(4):601-5. · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the cells transformed by Rous sarcoma virus (RSV), two Src proteins are expressed: the ubiquitous tyrosine kinase c-Src and the v-Src, the product of the transforming gene of the virus. Using three synthetic peptide substrates widely used for testing Src kinase activity, we show that they are phosphorylated with different efficiencies by the v-Src and c-Src tyrosine kinases immunoprecipitated from the tumor cell line H19. The v-Src displays higher efficiency (Vmax/Km ratio) toward all three peptides used, but the Vmax of v-Src is much lower than Vmax of c-Src with two peptides out of three. This difference in substrate specificity, if ignored, may cause misestimation of the amounts of active c-Src and v-Src in RSV-transformed cells. On the other hand, the different peptide substrate specificities may also reflect different protein substrate specificities of the v-Src and c-Src kinases in vivo.
    Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 02/2004; 421(2):277-82. · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Morphological and biochemical studies of HT29 cells treated with sodium butyrate and/or glucose-deprived revealed both apoptotic and differentiation response. The main apoptotic response was accompanied with an increase of floating cells. However, the ultrastructural analysis of adherent cells showed the typical apoptotic character of the nucleus in some of them. In addition, remarkable changes of mitochondria, assumed as early stages starting the apoptotic cascade, were observed. These changes were represented not only by alterations of mitochondrial morphology, but also by the number of mitochondria and their localization.
    International Journal of Oncology 01/2004; 23(6):1755-60. · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Our data show that in hamster fibroblasts transformed by Rous sarcoma virus (RSV), the phosphoinositide 3'-kinase (PI-3K)/Akt/glycogen synthase kinase 3 antiapoptotic pathway is upregulated and involved in increased protein synthesis through activation of initiation factor eIF2B. Upon inhibition of PI-3K by wortmannin, phosphorylation of 70-kDa ribosomal protein S6 kinase (p70 S6k) and its physiological substrate, ribosomal protein S6, decreased in the non-transformed cells but not in RSV-transformed cells. Thus PI-3K, which is thought to be involved in regulation of p70 S6k, signals to p70 S6k in normal fibroblasts, but it does not appear to be an upstream effector of p70 S6k in fibroblasts transformed by v-src oncogene, suggesting that changes in the PI-3K signalling pathway upstream of p70 S6k are induced by RSV transformation.
    FEBS Letters 06/2003; 543(1-3):81-6. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The high level of alkaline phosphatase activity in HT29 cells induced after 2 or 5 days of butyrate treatment was decreased during their prolonged exposure (about 30 days) to this agent together with a decrease of sensitivity to apoptosis. However, an enormous additive effect on alkaline phosphatase activity was found after butyrate treatment of glucose-starved cells. In concert with this finding, the substructural analysis revealed a dense brush border, tendency to polarization and morphologically normal mitochondria. It can be concluded that prolonged butyrate treatment of HT29 cells attenuated their response to this agent. On the other hand, glucose deprivation, as another inductor of differentiation, was found to increase the sensitivity of HT29 cells to butyrate.
    International Journal of Molecular Medicine 01/2003; 10(6):779-84. · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: When c-Src and v-Src were immunoprecipitated together from hamster fibroblasts transformed by Rous sarcoma virus containing v-src oncogene, the total Src activity was almost threefold higher compared to c-Src activity in the control cells. The activity of v-Src immunoprecipitated separately, however, accounting for only 40% of the total Src activity, indicating that c-Src is activated upon transformation. An increased activity of Csk was also found in RSV-transformed cells. It decreased upon serum stimulation in parallel with an increase in Src kinase activity. In nontransformed cells, serum stimulation induced an enhanced Csk activity, but no changes in c-Src activity were observed. This may suggest that Csk may have more functions in hamster fibroblasts, in addition to its inhibitory effect on c-Src.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 02/2002; 290(2):790-5. · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aberrant signalling activities of beta-catenin, originally identified as a component of cell-adhesion complexes, are now considered to be an important factor in colorectal carcinogenesis. However, recently it was shown that also gamma- as well as p120 catenins have a dual role either in cell adhesion or in affecting some gene activation. Therefore, the levels and interactions of these three catenins in human colorectal carcinoma cell lines were analysed. A great heterogeneity in the expression of all catenins tested was found in colorectal carcinoma cell lines HT29 and LS174T. Detailed analysis of beta-catenin interactions was done. GST-APC fragment-fused proteins were used to absorb beta-catenin and its complexes from cell lysates. Similarly, the E-cadherin binding capacity of the residual pool of beta-catenin was analysed using the GST-ECT construct. It was found that the level of beta-catenin does not necessarily depend either on the APC or beta-catenin gene mutations and that co-precipitation of beta-, gamma-, and p120 catenins is not limited to cells that express E-cadherin.
    International Journal of Molecular Medicine 01/2002; 8(6):695-8. · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An immunohistochemical analysis of E-cadherin and beta-catenin was performed in human colorectal cancer as well as in surrounding normal intestinal tissue. We also analysed the expression of these two cell adhesion proteins in transgenic Apc1638N mice as a model of human familial adenometous polyposis syndrome. In the normal intestinal mucosa of both species, E-cadherin and beta-catenin were localized along the lateral plasma membranes of epithelial cells. In intestinal tumour cells, however, they were also present in the cytoplasm. The expression of both proteins was reduced in human and mouse tumours. The pattern of their distribution was frequently heterogenous with strongly positive cells in a mosaic of negative ones. Further, E-cadherin and beta-catenin expression did not correlate to the Duke's staging of tumours and therefore neither can be used as prognostic criteria.
    The Histochemical Journal 02/2001; 33(1):13-7.
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    ABSTRACT: An immunohistochemical analysis of E-cadherin and -catenin was performed in human colorectal cancer as well as in surrounding normal intestinal tissue. We also analysed the expression of these two cell adhesion proteins in transgenic Apc1638N mice as a model of human familial adenometous polyposis syndrome. In the normal intestinal mucosa of both species, E-cadherin and -catenin were localized along the lateral plasma membrances of epithelial cells. In intestinal tumour cells, however, they were also present in the cytoplasm. The expression of both proteins was reduced in human and mouse tumours. The pattern of their distribution was frequently heterogenous with strongly positive cells in a mosaic of negative ones. Further, E-cadherin and -catenin expression did not correlate to the Duke's staging of tumours and therefore neither can be used as prognostic criteria.
    The Histochemical Journal 12/2000; 33(1):13-17.
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    ABSTRACT: The expression of cytoplasmic c-erbB2, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and dipeptidylpeptidase IV (DPP IV) was significantly higher in sporadic cancer of the right than of the left colon. In addition, cytoplasmic c-erbB2 displayed the same difference in the adjacent (less than 2 cm) and distant (more than 5 cm from the tumour margin) mucosa. The findings cannot be related to Dukes staging. It is suggested that different ontogenic development of the right (from the midgut) and the left (from the hindgut) colon may be a possible explanation. Therefore, data on the expression of different molecular markers in colorectal cancer and surrounding mucosa should always be supplemented by data on tumour location.
    European Journal of Cancer Prevention 09/2000; 9(4):265-8. · 2.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The principal aim of this study was to determine whether the sodium butyrate, cell differentiation-inducing compound, induces identical morphological changes in two colorectal adenocarcinoma cell lines which exhibit the different changes in the alkaline phosphatase activity after treatment with this agent. Ultrastructural analysis showed that these two cell lines possessed different sensitivity to the presence of sodium butyrate. Particularly different changes were observed in the chromatin structure of the cell lines tested. Our study demonstrates that sodium butyrate initiates cell differentiation, modifies the cell components, but the characteristics and extent of this modification depends on the cell line used.
    International Journal of Molecular Medicine 01/2000; 4(6):669-74. · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Following the finding of a great increase in cell-cell adhesion in several colorectal carcinoma cell lines after induced differentiation, the expression of E-cadherin-catenin complexes was analyzed. The sensitivity of cell lines to the differentiation induced by sodium butyrate differed. Nevertheless, all cells growing for 5 days in the medium containing 2 mM sodium butyrate changed their morphology and adherent properties. The expression of E-cadherin and catenins participating in its function were analyzed. A significant increase in E-cadherin level after butyrate treatment was found in HT29 and LS174T cell lines only. However, a high decrease in beta-catenin level was detected in all cell lines treated with butyrate. Further analysis showed regulation of beta-catenin at the level of mRNA.
    International Journal of Molecular Medicine 12/1999; 4(5):541-4. · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In snap frozen sections of the duodenum, jejunum, ileum, the right and left colon of APC+/-mice mucosubstances, activities of brush border glycosidases and proteases, immunoreactivity of sucrase and activities of some enzymes of pericellular proteolysis were studied. Multiple adenomas (tubular or tubulovillous) the numbers of which decreased in the aboral direction occurred in the small intestine. Two tubulovillous adenomas with dysplastic nuclei but with no invasion were found in the right colon. The morphological and histochemical findings resembled those of human colorectal tumours. Activities of brush border enzymes and sucrase immunoreactivity were decreased to various extent or were not present at all. The findings fluctuated even within the same section. Activities of enzymes of pericellular proteolysis were slightly increased in comparison with non affected mucosa. This model is suitable and deserves further studies.
    General Physiology and Biophysics 10/1999; 18(3):311-6. · 0.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Increased phosphorylation of the translational repressor protein 4E-BP1 was found in the cell line derived from the tumor induced in Syrian hamster by Rous sarcoma virus (RSV). This was accompanied by its dissociation from the complex with initiation factor eIF4E. The ribosomal S6 protein kinase p70S6k is supposed to be regulated by the same or a closely related rapamycin-sensitive signalling pathway to that which modulates 4E-BP1. Phosphorylation and activity of p70S6k were found to be also increased in RSV-transformed H19 cells that express significantly higher amounts of the Src protein (p60src) relative to the non-transformed hamster fibroblasts NIL-2. The increased activity and phosphorylation of p70S6k were blocked by rapamycin, indicating that the rapamycin-sensitive pathway is involved in its regulation in v-src-transformed hamster fibroblasts. In agreement with this, rapamycin reduced the expression of elongation factor eEF1alpha (whose translation is regulated by a rapamycin-sensitive mechanism thought to involve p70S6k) and did not affect the production of a housekeeping protein, alpha-tubulin, in these cells. Synthesis of Src protein was also inhibited in cells treated with rapamycin. However, treatment of cells with a concentration of rapamycin sufficient to completely inhibit the activity and phosphorylation of p70S6k resulted in only partial de-phosphorylation of 4E-BP1 and its re-association with eIF4E in the transformed cells, indicating that additional rapamycin-insensitive mechanisms/pathways are implicated in the control of 4E-BP1 phosphorylation in RSV-transformed hamster fibroblasts. Over-expression of eIF4E favours cell proliferation and can lead to a transformed phenotype, while over-expression of 4E-BP1 has the opposite effect. The altered signalling to the phosphorylation of 4E-BP1 in RSV-transformed cells, which leads to its dissociation from eIF4E and thus relief of inhibition of eIF4E function, may therefore represent an important regulatory mechanism in malignant cell growth.
    International Journal of Cancer 07/1999; 81(6):963-9. · 6.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The increased phosphorylation and activity of protein kinase B (PKB/Akt) was found early upon butyrate treatment of HT-29 cells with a potent differentiating agent, sodium butyrate. It was accompanied by the increased phosphorylation of glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) and the inhibition of the activity of GSK-3beta to catalyze phosphorylation of its substrate, translation initiation factor eIF2B. Phosphorylation of PKB and GSK-3 in HT-29 cells was reduced by wortmannin, the inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol-3' kinase (PI3'-kinase), which is upstream activator of PKB and GSK-3 in the intracellular signalling. Modulation of the activity and phosphorylation of these protein kinases during transient in vitro differentiation of HT-29 cells indicates that control of the PI3'-kinase/PKB-dependent signalling pathway may be implicated very early in the changes of malignant phenotype of HT-29 cells.
    Oncology Reports 07/1999; 6(4):827-32. · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Increased phosphorylation of the translational repressor protein 4E-BP1 was found in the cell line derived from the tumor induced in Syrian hamster by Rous sarcoma virus (RSV). This was accompanied by its dissociation from the complex with initiation factor eIF4E. The ribosomal S6 protein kinase p70S6k is supposed to be regulated by the same or a closely related rapamycin-sensitive signalling pathway to that which modulates 4E-BP1. Phosphorylation and activity of p70S6k were found to be also increased in RSV-transformed H19 cells that express significantly higher amounts of the Src protein (p60src) relative to the non-transformed hamster fibroblasts NIL-2. The increased activity and phosphorylation of p70S6k were blocked by rapamycin, indicating that the rapamycin-sensitive pathway is involved in its regulation in v-src-transformed hamster fibroblasts. In agreement with this, rapamycin reduced the expression of elongation factor eEF1α (whose translation is regulated by a rapamycin-sensitive mechanism thought to involve p70S6k) and did not affect the production of a housekeeping protein, α-tubulin, in these cells. Synthesis of Src protein was also inhibited in cells treated with rapamycin. However, treatment of cells with a concentration of rapamycin sufficient to completely inhibit the activity and phosphorylation of p70S6k resulted in only partial de-phosphorylation of 4E-BP1 and its re-association with eIF4E in the transformed cells, indicating that additional rapamycin-insensitive mechanisms/pathways are implicated in the control of 4E-BP1 phosphorylation in RSV-transformed hamster fibroblasts. Over-expression of eIF4E favours cell proliferation and can lead to a transformed phenotype, while over-expression of 4E-BP1 has the opposite effect. The altered signalling to the phosphorylation of 4E-BP1 in RSV-transformed cells, which leads to its dissociation from eIF4E and thus relief of inhibition of eIF4E function, may therefore represent an important regulatory mechanism in malignant cell growth. Int. J. Cancer 81:963–969, 1999. © 1999 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    International Journal of Cancer 06/1999; 81(6):963 - 969. · 6.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To test the hypothesis that the block of polyprotein precursor processing and particle formation in RSV-transformed mammalian cells is due to a low level of pr76gag expression, rat tumor cell lines with different amounts of precursor molecules were used. The wild-type forms of pr76gag have been expressed at a high level by use of SV40-based vector and thirty-two stable transfected cell clones were isolated. The gag protein expression was detected in the cell lysate by immunoblotting. Untransfected cells released no proteins that could be detected by immunoprecipitation with anti-RSV serum. Membrane-enclosed gag precursor-polyprotein molecules and infectious virus particles from different stably transfected clones have been found in the medium. Both immature and mature virions of type C morphology were directly detected by transmission electron microscopy. Surprisingly, virus-like particles of morphology similar to mature type C retroviruses were found enclosed within intracellular membranes in a stably transfected nonproducing clone.
    Folia biologica 02/1999; 45(6):233-41. · 1.22 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

125 Citations
127.03 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1994–2006
    • Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
      • Ústav molekulární genetiky
      Praha, Hlavni mesto Praha, Czech Republic
  • 1988–1993
    • Institute of Molecular Genetics AS CR
      Praha, Praha, Czech Republic
  • 1974
    • Institute of Animal Science, Prague
      Praha, Praha, Czech Republic