[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cadmium (Cd) is neurotoxic metal which induces histopathological damage and oxidative stress through free radicals over production. Metallothionein (MT) is a protein able to scavenge free radicals and to chelate metals. In this study we describe the lipid peroxidation (LPO) and MT content in the brain of developing rats exposed at Cd 1 mg/kg/day intra peritoneally (i.p.) and dexamethasone (Dx) 2 mg/kg/day (i.p.) alone and combined during 5 days. At those doses, cadmium significantly increases the levels of LPO in parietal cortex, striatum and cerebellum as compared to a control group while, in the hippocampus no modifications in the LPO levels were observed. In the group treated with Cd+Dx, Dx significantly diminished the levels of LPO in parietal cortex, striatum and cerebellum. On the other hand, the MT levels showed a significant increase in all regions of the groups treated with Dx and Cd+Dx as compared with the control group. These results show that Dx treatment prevented the increase in LPO levels associated to Cd exposure, probably through the increase in MT content.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cocaine is a common drug of abuse, and its use has emerged as a major public health problem with neurological complications. In this work, the authors studied microscopic lesions produced in brain by chronic cocaine administration to rats. Twenty-five Wistar rats were exposed to 30 mg/kg/day ip of cocaine and sacrificed at 15, 30, 45, 60, and 90 days after treatment and compared to 25 control rats injected daily with saline. The parietal cortex (Cx), hippocampus (Hp), substantia nigra (SN), and cerebellum (Ce) were morphologically analyzed. The authors found progressive light microscopic lesions in all regions studied, including nuclear pyknosis and atrophy, interstitial edema, broken fibers, and necrosis. Results show that chronic treatment with cocaine in rats leads to selective severe lesions in different brain regions.
Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry 02/2002; 26(1):59-63. · 3.55 Impact Factor