Hydrogels are water swollen networks of polymers and especially hydrogels consisting of poly vinylpyrrolidone/poly ethyleneglycol-dimethacrylate (PVP/PEG-DMA) blends show promising wound care properties. Enhanced functionality of the hydrogels can be achieved by incorporating drugs and other substances that may assist wound healing into the gel matrix. Controlling the release of active compounds from the hydrogels may be possible by carefully modifying the polymer matrix. For this purpose, cyclodextrins (CD) were grafted to the polymer matrix in 4-5 w/w% in an attempt to retard the release of water-soluble drugs. Ibuprofenate (IBU) was chosen as model drug and loaded in IBU/CD ratios of 0.6, 1.2, and 2.5. Vinyl derivatives of alpha-, beta- and gamma-CD were produced, added to the prepolymer blend and cured by UV-light. During this curing process the CD derivatives were covalently incorporated into the hydrogel matrix. The modified hydrogels were loaded with ibuprofenate by swelling. The release of the model drug from CD modified hydrogels show that especially covalently bonded beta-cyclodextrin can change both the release rate and the release profile of ibuprofen.
Drug Delivery 03/2009; 16(2):92-101. DOI:10.1080/10717540802605129 · 2.20 Impact Factor