A Lubetsky

Tel Aviv University, Tell Afif, Tel Aviv, Israel

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Publications (56)282.53 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Treatment of haemophilia A patients with inhibitors is challenging, and may require individually tailored regimens. Whereas low titre inhibitor patients may respond to high doses of factor VIII (FVIII), high-responding inhibitor patients render replacement therapy ineffective and often require application of bypassing agents. Thrombin generation (TG) assays may be used to monitor haemostasis and/or predict patients' response to bypass agents. In this study we defined by TG, the potential contribution of FVIII to recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa)-induced haemostasis in inhibitor plasma. Based upon results, prospectively designed individual regimens of coadministration of rFVIIa and FVIII were applied. Plasma samples from 14 haemophilia patients with inhibitors (including high titre inhibitors) were tested. The response to increasing concentrations of FVIII, rFVIIa or both was assayed by TG. Eight patients, chosen following consent and at physician's discretion, comprised the combined FVIII-rFVIIa therapy clinical study cohort. Combined spiking with FVIII/rFVIIa improved TG induced by rFVIIa alone in all inhibitor plasmas. Combined rFVIIa and FVIII therapy was applied during bleeding or immune tolerance to eight patients, for a total of 393 episodes. Following a single combined dose, 90% haemostasis was documented and neither thrombosis nor any complications evolved. During study period decline of inhibitor levels and bleeding frequency were noted. Pre-analytical studies enabled us to prospectively tailor individual therapy regimens. We confirmed for the first time that the in vitro advantage of combining FVIII and rFVIIa, indeed accounts for improved haemostasis and may safely be applied to inhibitor patients.
    Haemophilia 05/2013; · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pharmacogenetic dosing algorithms help predict warfarin maintenance doses, but their predictive performance differs in different populations, possibly due to unsuspected population-specific genetic variants. The objectives of this study were to quantify the effect of the VKORC1 D36Y variant (a marker of warfarin resistance previously described in 4% of Ashkenazi Jews) on warfarin maintenance doses and to examine how this variant affects the performance of the International Warfarin Pharmacogenetic Consortium (IWPC) dose prediction model. In 210 Israeli patients on chronic warfarin therapy recruited at a tertiary care centre, we applied the IWPC model and then added D36Y genotype as covariate to the model (IWPC+D36Y) and compared predicted with actual doses. Median weekly warfarin dose was 35 mg (interquartile range [IQR], 24.5 to 52.5 mg). Among 16 heterozygous D36Y carriers (minor allele frequency = 3.8%), warfarin weekly dose was increased by a median of 43.7 mg (IQR, 40.5 to 47.2 mg) compared to non-carriers after adjustment for all IWPC parameters, a greater than two-fold dose increase. The IWPC model performed suboptimally (coefficient of determination R²=27.0%; mean absolute error (MAE), 14.4 ± 16.2 mg/week). Accounting for D36Y genotype using the IWPC+D36Y model resulted in a significantly better model performance (R²=47.2%, MAE=12.6 ± 12.4 mg/week). In conclusion, even at low frequencies, variants with a strong impact on warfarin dose may greatly decrease the performance of a commonly used dose prediction model. Unexpected discrepancies of the performance of universal prediction models in subpopulations should prompt searching for unsuspected confounders, including rare genetic variants.
    Thrombosis and Haemostasis 08/2012; 108(4):781-8. · 6.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Patients suffering major traumatic or surgical bleeding are often exposed to hemodilution resulting in dilutional coagulopathy. The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro the effects of fibrinogen, factor XIII and thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) on clot formation and resistance to fibrinolysis in hemodilution conditions. Citrated whole blood from 36 healthy volunteers was diluted to 30 and 60% with lactated Ringer's solution. Blood samples were subsequently supplemented with fibrinogen, FXIII, TAFI or their combinations. Rotation thromboelastometry (ROTEM) in whole blood and thrombin generation in plasma were performed in the presence of CaCl₂ and tissue factor/EXTEM reagent, and fibrinolysis was induced by tissue plasminogen activator (tPA). Hemodilution was expressed by decrease of peak height in thrombin generation and α-angle and maximum clot firmness (MCF) in ROTEM. Fibrinogen, FXIII or TAFI did not correct the decrease in thrombin generation peak height. In ROTEM, spiking of diluted blood with fibrinogen stimulated clot propagation. In tPA-treated blood fibrinogen, FXIII and TAFI increased clot firmness and inhibited fibrinolysis. Stronger protection against fibrinolysis was achieved combining FXIII with TAFI. Hemodilution was associated with inhibition of thrombin generation; however, this effect was not sensitive to blood spiking with fibrinogen, FXIII and TAFI. In ROTEM, these hemostasis agents improved clot strength and decreased clot susceptibility to tPA in nondiluted and to more extent in diluted blood. The maximal protection against fibrinolysis was caused by TAFI. Combining FXIII with TAFI exerted synergistic inhibitory effect on fibrinolysis.
    Blood coagulation & fibrinolysis: an international journal in haemostasis and thrombosis 04/2012; 23(5):370-8. · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mesenteric vein thrombosis (MVT) is a rare and frequently underdiagnosed complication of Crohn's disease (CD). This study describes the clinical and radiological characteristics of CD /patients with superior mesenteric vein thrombosis (MVT) diagnosed by CT/MRI. The database of Crohn's disease patients treated in Sheba Medical Center between 2005-2010 was searched for MVT diagnosis. Imaging studies of identified patients were retrieved and reviewed by an experienced abdominal radiologist. MVT was defined by superior mesenteric vein obliteration and/or thrombus in the vessel lumen on abdominal imaging. The clinical and radiologic data of these patients were collected from the medical records. MVT was demonstrated in 6/460 CD patients. Five patients had stricturing disease, and one patient had a combined fistulizing and stricturing disease phenotype. All patients had small bowel disease, but 3/6 also had colonic involvement. No patient had a prior thromboembolic history or demonstrable hypercoagulability. One patient had an acute SMV thrombus demonstrable on CT scanning, the remaining patients showed an obliteration of superior mesenteric vein. Two patients received anticoagulation upon diagnosis of thrombosis. No subsequent thromboembolic events were recorded. The incidence of mesenteric vein thrombosis is likely to be underestimated in patients with Crohn's disease. Both CT and MRI imaging demonstrate the extent of enteric disease and coincident SMV thrombosis. In our cohort, thrombosis was associated with stricturing disease of the small bowel. The clinical impact of SMV thrombosis and whether anticoagulation is mandatory for all of these patients remains to be determined.
    Journal of Crohn s and Colitis 11/2011; 6(5):543-9. · 3.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent reports have raised concerns regarding potential risk factors for inhibitor development. In Israel, all haemophilia patients (n = 479) are followed by the National Hemophilia Center. Most children are neonatally exposed to factor concentrate (due to circumcision performed at the age of 8 days). The impact of early exposure and recombinant FVIII products (rFVIII) administration (approved in Israel since 1996) upon inhibitor occurrence in our cohort of haemophilia A (HA) patients was analysed. Two hundred ninety-two consecutive paediatric cases with a first symptomatic onset of HA were enrolled and followed over a median time of 7 years [min-max: 9 months to 17 years]. Study endpoint was inhibitor development against factor VIII. In addition, the treatment regimens applied, i.e. bolus administration or 'continuous infusion' and the family history of inhibitor development were investigated. During the follow-up period 31/292 children (10.6%) developed high titre inhibitors. Inhibitors occurred in 14/43 (32.5%) HA patients neonatally exposed to rFVIII, as compared to 22/249 previously treated with Plasma Derived (PD) products (8.8%). The odds ratio for inhibitor formation in rFVIII treated HA patients was 3.43 (95% CI: 1.36-8.65). Transient inhibitor evolved among 2/43 paediatric HA patients, only among those treated with rFVIII. The risk of inhibitor detection significantly increased among HA children treated by continuous infusion (P = 0.025). Our experience shows that the risk of inhibitor formation may be increased by early exposure to recombinant concentrates. The multiple variables affecting inhibitor incidence deserve further attention by larger prospective studies.
    Haemophilia 02/2011; 17(4):625-9. · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Several studies have suggested that thrombophilic risk factors are more prevalent in individuals with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), and that a prothrombic state may be involved in the etiopathogenesis of this disease. We examine thrombophilic factors in a group of patients with IIH in relation to obesity. In addition, we reviewed the relevant literature and performed a meta-analysis. Thrombophilia work-up was performed on 51 patients with IIH at least 1 month following their first episode. Samples for the analysis of factor V Leiden (FVL), prothrombin gene variant (PGV) G20210A and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) were available in an additional 30 patients, that is 81 patients in all. Meta-analysis was performed. Of the 51 patients 40 were obese. Increased concentrations of fibrinogen, D-Dimer, factor VIII, factor IX and factor XI were found in 15, 7, 7, 6 and 2 patients, respectively, all obese. The circulating anticoagulant, measured by dilute Russell's viper venom time (dRVVT assay), found mainly in obese. All 51 patients were negative for the anticardiolipin antibody (IgG immunoglobulin G) and IgG anti-beta2 glycoprotein I. In the meta-analysis antiphospholipid antibodies were significantly associated with IIH [odds ratio (OR) of 4.25 (1.68-12.60)], similar to the association with high factor VIII [OR = 16.17 (2.87-91.01)], higher plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) levels [OR = 6.91 (2.28-20.91)], and high lipoprotein (a) [LP(a)] [OR = 3.54 (1.54-8.70)]. Obesity often observed in IIH patients is frequently linked with thrombophilic factors. Thus, we believe that dysmetabolism could be the thrombophilic target for treatment in patients with IIH.
    Blood coagulation & fibrinolysis: an international journal in haemostasis and thrombosis 06/2010; 21(4):328-33. · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Severe FXI deficiency is a rare injury-related bleeding disorder. In patients with FXI inhibitors, surgeries may be treated using recombinant activated factor VII; however, treatment safety is a major concern and the best dosing regimen as well as mode of administration is still to be defined. We describe four patients with severe factor XI deficiency and inhibitors to FXI, undergoing eight (four major) surgical procedures treated with continuous infusion of rFVIIa. Following acute MI that evolved after surgery of our first patient, all other patients were treated with low-dose bolus rFVIIa followed by low-dose continuous infusion of rFVIIa. Haemostasis was successfully achieved and no further thrombotic complications occurred. To support our clinical results ex-vivo thromboelastography studies were performed, demonstrating the differences of clot formation and lysis between patients with FXI deficiency and healthy controls and suggesting that low-dose rFVIIa corrects coagulation similarly to high-dose rFVIIa in FXI deficiency. Recombinant FVIIa at low doses may effectively induce haemostasis and seems to be a safe treatment mode in patients with FXI deficiency and inhibitors undergoing surgeries.
    Haemophilia 06/2009; 15(5):1065-73. · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bolus injection (BI) of sucrose-formulated recombinant factor VIII (rFVIII-FS) is an approved treatment for haemophilia patients undergoing major surgery. Continuous infusion (CI) during surgery has potential benefits by providing steady administration of replacement factor to the patient, avoiding high peaks and low troughs. We tested the stability of rFVIII-FS under CI conditions and conducted a single-centre, open-label, phase III study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of CI using rFVIII-FS in haemophilia A patients undergoing surgery. Patients received bolus rFVIII-FS to achieve >or=80% FVIII levels 30-60 min presurgery, followed by CI of rFVIII-FS at a rate calculated to maintain haemostatic factor levels until days 8-10 post surgery. The rate of infusion was adjusted according to daily calculations derived from the actual clearance. The stability of rFVIII-FS was found to be appropriate for CI for 7 days under the same conditions as clinical settings. Fourteen patients (mean age 37.8 years) receiving on-demand FVIII treatment without a history of inhibitors underwent 15 surgical procedures including joint replacements, synovectomies, multiple tooth extractions, and cholecystectomy. Bleeding was similar to that observed in non-haemophilia patients undergoing similar operations in the same department. Haemostasis during surgery was considered by the attending surgeons as 'excellent' or 'good' in all cases; study investigators rated all 15 cases as 'excellent' overall. There were no adverse events, including inhibitor formation, related to rFVIII-FS. rFVIII-FS was found to be suitable for use in CI in haemophilia A patients undergoing major surgery.
    Haemophilia 02/2009; 15(3):676-85. · 3.17 Impact Factor
  • Haemophilia 07/2008; 14(5):1122-4. · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Platelets play a critical role in the pathogenesis of acute brain ischaemia. We studied the association between the degree of inhibition of platelet function by aspirin (ASA) and the severity and outcome of acute brain ischaemia. Platelet responsiveness to ASA was assessed in patients with acute brain ischaemia, treated with ASA since hospital admission. The degree of ASA responsiveness was assessed by optical aggregometry and categorized into patients with good response, partial response and complete unresponsiveness to ASA (good responders, partial responders and non-responders, respectively). An additional evaluation of responsiveness to ASA was performed by Impact-R (cone and platelet analyzer). Patients underwent serial clinical assessment during hospitalization, at discharge and during follow-up. Among 105 patients (mean age 63 +/- 12 years; 66% men), impaired ASA responsiveness at baseline as assessed by aggregometry was associated with increased stroke severity at baseline, unfavourable clinical course, and poor functional outcome during follow-up (p < 0.05 for all). Age-adjusted odds ratios in non-responders compared to good responders were 9.8 for severe stroke on admission (95% CI 2.8-34.9), 3.1 for lack of early clinical improvement (95% CI 1.1-8.8) and 8.6 for poor functional outcome during follow-up (95% CI 2.4-30.4). Less robust trends were observed with the Impact-R. Impaired responsiveness to ASA in acute brain ischaemia is common and is associated with worse neurological deficits at stroke onset, early clinical deterioration and poorer functional outcome. The clinical significance of these findings requires further evaluation in larger longitudinal studies.
    Cerebrovascular Diseases 02/2008; 25(4):355-61. · 2.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Unresponsiveness to clopidogrel or aspirin has been reported in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Platelet aggregometry (PA) and the Impact-R [Cone and Plate(let) Analyzer (CPA) technology, measuring whole blood platelet adhesion under flow conditions] were compared in detecting laboratory unresponsiveness to clopidogrel and aspirin among ACS patients. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) samples were evaluated in 404 patients by PA using adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and arachidonic acid (AA) and whole blood samples by the Impact-R ADP- and AA-response tests. The first cohort (n=114) was assayed by PA on days 1 and 4 of the onset of ACS. A patient with relative decrease of </=10% in ADP-induced maximal platelet aggregation after clopidogrel treatment was defined as laboratory non-responding (NR) patient to clopidogrel. This relative value correlated well with an absolute value of ADP-induced aggregation >/=70%. A patient with an absolute value of AA-induced maximal aggregation >/=60% was defined as laboratory NR patient to aspirin. The second cohort (n=290) was tested on day 4 by both systems and results analyzed by receiver operating characteristic curve. The following cut-off values of the Impact-R surface coverage were obtained: </=2.8% and </=3.4% for clopidogrel and aspirin NR patients, respectively. The incidence of NR patients to clopidogrel and aspirin, according to the two methods was 27% and 22%, respectively. Impact-R compared to PA in detecting clopidogrel and aspirin NR patients revealed: 79% and 82% agreement, 71% and 73% sensitivity, 83% and 86% specificity, respectively. In conclusion, the Impact-R and PA results demonstrated high degree of similarity.
    Thrombosis Research 02/2008; 122(3):336-45. · 3.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Non-invasive biomarkers have gained popularity for estimating fibrosis stage. In our hepatitis C-infected haemophilia patients, Fibrotest (FT) correctly identified clinically advanced or minimal liver disease. More accurate tests, like the FibroMeters, have recently been validated. The aim of the study was to improve the estimation of liver fibrosis in hepatitis C-infected haemophiliacs using a combination of biomarkers and FibroMeters. One hundred and thirty-two hepatitis C-infected haemophilia patients (124 male, mean age: 39+/-14 years) were evaluated. The following biomarkers were used: FT, AST-to-platelet ratio index (APRI), Forns index, hyaluronic acid and FibroMeter. We applied a published algorithm suggesting that if FT is in concordance with APRI and/or Forns score, then the FT concurs with liver biopsy for estimation of fibrosis. Concordance of three or more biomarkers was present in 43.2% (57/132) of the patients. This high discordance rate was mainly because of indeterminate scores. Significant fibrosis (F2-F4) was estimated at 34.8% (46/132) and 37.9% (50/132) by the FT and FibroMeter respectively. The discordance rate between the FT and FibroMeter was 16.7% (22/132), (P<0.01 vs. other biomarkers). Using the algorithm, liver histology could be confidently estimated in 69.7% (92/132) of the patients. Concordance between the FT and FibroMeter in those patients who met the terms of the algorithm was 90.2% (83/92). Discordance between biomarkers is significant, and is mainly because of biomarkers with indeterminate results. The concordance rate between FT and FibroMeter is higher compared with the other biomarkers. Practical combination of tests may potentially limit the need of liver biopsy in the majority of haemophilia patients.
    Haemophilia 11/2007; 13(6):722-9. · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: CYP2C9 and VKORC1 genetic variants are associated with low and intermediate warfarin dose requirements, but markers of high doses are less well characterized. We analyzed the VKORC1 coding sequence and known CYP2C9 and VKORC1 polymorphisms in 15 selected warfarin-resistant (dose, 80 to 185 mg/wk) and 8 warfarin-sensitive patients (7 to 13 mg/wk) and 99 unselected controls (8 to 105 mg/wk). We identified a coding VKORC1 Asp36Tyr polymorphism in 7 of 15 resistant compared with 0 of 8 sensitive patients (P = .026) Carriers of Asp36Tyr in the control group (8 of 99) required significantly higher warfarin doses of 80.9 +/- 10.1 mg/wk compared with 42.7 +/- 7.5 mg/wk in noncarriers (F = 9.79, P = .002). Asp36Tyr was significantly associated with doses of more than 70 mg/wk (odds ratio, 13.0; 95% confidence limit, 1.3 to 124.2), while doses of 20 to 70 mg/wk were associated with Asp36Tyr (partial r(2) = .11; P = .004), CYP2C9*2 and *3 (r(2) = .08; P = .01), and VKORC1*2 and *3 markers (r(2) = .05; P = .05). All Asp36Tyr carriers also had VKORC1*1 tag-single nucleotide polymorphisms (tag-SNPs) indicating a new haplotype. Asp36Tyr was common in Jewish ethnic groups of Ethiopian (15%) and Ashkenazi (4%) origin. We suggest that Asp36Tyr is a new marker of the high end of the warfarin dosing range.
    Blood 04/2007; 109(6):2477-80. · 9.06 Impact Factor
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    Aharon Lubetsky
    The Israel Medical Association journal: IMAJ 01/2007; 8(12):862-3. · 0.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: ADAMTS-13 cleaves large and ultra-large von Willebrand factor multimers normally secreted by endothelial cells. Severe deficiency of this enzyme leads to thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). We applied the Impact-R system [Cone and plate(let) Analyzer, CPA] to determine optimal conditions for ADAMTS-13 function, to assess it's activity in TTP patients and to distinguish inherited TTP (inTTP) from acquired TTP (acTTP). The role of ADAMTS-13 in platelet adhesion under different conditions was investigated applying recombinant forms of VWF and ADAMTS-13. rVWF was first treated by rADAMTS-13 either in solution or when immobilized on the surface of the well, under static or flow conditions, in the presence or absence of BaCl2. The resulting cleaved VWF fragments were then immobilized and served to assess type 3 von Willebrand disease whole blood platelet adhesion under flow. Maximal effect of the rADAMTS-13 (decrease of platelet adhesion in the absence compared to the presence of BaCl2), was observed when the rVWF was pre-immobilized and the cleavage step took place under flow (85%). Mixing plasma ofTTP patients with normal blood (1:3) yielded a 1.6- to 2-fold increase of platelet adhesion under flow compared to mixing normal plasma with normal blood, at shear rate range of 1,800 - 2,500 s(-1) . Maximal increase of platelet adhesion was observed under 2,050 s(-1) . Under these conditions, the extent of adhesion was similarly higher in patients with inTTP and acTTP versus control [surface coverage (SC) 14.5 +/- 2.8% and 14.6 +/- 2.5% vs.7.4 +/- 1.7%, respectively]. ADAMTS-13 activity measured by collagen-binding test was similarly low (4.2 +/- 3.8% and 3.5 +/- 2.4% vs. 72.2 +/- 8.0%, respectively). An inverse correlation between SC and ADAMTS-13 activity was observed in a patient with inTTP assayed eight times during plasma infusion treatment. Addition of BaCl2 to the mixture of TTP plasma and normal whole blood yielded a decrease in platelet adhesion in inTTP (by 51%) but not in acTTP. The lack of reduction of platelet adhesion in acTTP could presumably be due to the presence of ADAMTS-13 inhibitor in these patients. These results suggest that VWF immobilization and high shear flow yielded optimal conditions for ADAMTS-13 activity, and that introduction of BaCl2 in the Impact-R (CPA) test may be useful for differentiation between inherited and acquired TTP.
    Thrombosis and Haemostasis 09/2006; 96(2):160-6. · 6.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Liver biopsy remains the gold standard for the evaluation of fibrosis despite its risks and limitations, especially in haemophilia patients. Recently, non-invasive biomarkers have been used to assess histological features. The most thoroughly evaluated biomarker is the FibroTest (FT) (AUROC 0.80 for fibrosis stages F2F3F4 vs. F0F1). To estimate liver fibrosis in haemophilia patients infected with hepatitis C (HCV) using non-invasive biomarkers without liver biopsy. One hundred and thirty-two haemophilia patients (124 male, mean age 38 +/- 14 years) with anti-HCV antibodies were evaluated. These patients were stratified into several groups: patients with features of advanced liver disease - seven, persistently HCV RNA-negative - 21, persistently normal liver function tests (LFTs)- 24, HCV/HIV co-infected - 27. The following biomarkers of fibrosis were used: FT, AST-to-platelet ratio index (APRI), Forns index, age-platelet index and hyaluronic acid. The obtained scores were correlated with the clinical features of the patients. Estimated by the FT, the distribution of the stage of fibrosis in the 132 patients was F0F1 = 65% (86/132), F2 = 5% (7/132), F3 = 13% (17/132) and F4 = 17% (22/132). Using FT, all patients with clinical suspicion of advanced liver disease were classified as F3F4, whereas patients with persistently HCV RNA-negative were all classified as F0F1. Twenty-one per cent (5/24) of the patients with persistently normal LFTs had fibrosis stage F3F4. The proportion of F3F4 among HCV/HIV co-infected patients was significantly higher than among HCV mono-infected (52% vs. 33%; P = 0.05). Concordance of three or more biomarkers was present in 43% (57/132) of the patients. Liver biopsy could be avoided in 70% (92/132) using a practical assumption that if FT is in concordance with APRI and/or Forns, then we may confidently rely on the biomarker. Concordance rate for patients with presumably advanced or minimal liver disease was excellent (100% and 95% respectively). In our HCV-infected haemophilia patients, FT correctly identified clinically advanced or minimal liver disease. Discordance among the various biomarkers of fibrosis was considerate; nevertheless, practical combination of FT, APRI, and Forns may predict stage of fibrosis with accuracy, potentially avoiding liver biopsy in the majority of the patients.
    Haemophilia 08/2006; 12(4):372-9. · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The cone and plate(let) analyzer is an established method for assessing platelet function. It evaluates adherence of platelets on an extracellular matrix, expressed as a percentage of surface coverage and the average size of the aggregates. The purpose of this study was to determine the applicability of the cone and plate(let) analyzer in monitoring platelet function and predicting postoperative bleeding. The relationship between postoperative bleeding, perioperative platelet function, and other parameters was studied. A significant decrease in surface coverage was detected upon establishment of cardiopulmonary bypass (from 6.9% +/- 3.9% to 4.7% +/- 1.7%) with a return to preoperative values at the end of surgery. Preoperative average size and surface coverage were the only parameters that significantly and linearly correlated with postoperative bleeding. Patients with an aggregate average size < 20 microm(2) had a significantly higher incidence of severe bleeding (> 965 mL) than those with a size > 20 microm(2) (44% vs. 0%), and a higher mean blood loss (908 +/- 322 mL vs. 337 +/- 78 mL). Similar results were obtained for surface coverage < 5%, indicating the predictive value of these parameters. Preoperative platelet function as evaluated by the cone and plate(let) analyzer is an independent risk factor determining postoperative bleeding.
    Asian cardiovascular & thoracic annals 08/2006; 14(4):310-5.
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    ABSTRACT: Haemophilia patients who received non-virucidally treated large pool clotting factors before 1987 have a high rate of chronic hepatitis C viral infection (HCV). Some patients are coinfected with HIV. Haemophilia patients and other coagulation disorders were treated at one centre since the beginning of the 1970, and the Israeli National Hemophilia Center (INHC) was officially founded in 1987. To characterize patients with HCV as well as patients with HCV/HIV coinfection at the INHC. Patients with haemophilia and other coagulation disorders positive for HCV antibodies were evaluated between 2001 and 2004. Demographic data, type and severity of coagulation disorder, frequency of coagulation factor usage and treatment with concentrated clotting factors prior to 1987 were recorded. Liver enzymes, viral load, genotype and data supporting advanced liver disease were evaluated. About 179 of 239 haemophilia patients (75%) tested positive for anti-HCV antibodies. Our cohort consisted of 165 patients in whom clinical, biochemical and virological data were available. About 117 patients had active HCV infection with HCV-RNA-positive, and 27 were HCV/HIV coinfected. Twenty-one patients (13%) persistently tested HCV-RNA-negative, hence were considered to clear their HCV infection. There was no former USSR immigrants among HCV/HIV coinfected compared with HCV-infected or HCV-RNA-negative groups (0 vs. 30% and 38%, respectively; P < 0.001). HCV-RNA-negative patients used concentrated coagulation factor less frequently than HCV or HCV/HIV-infected patients (48% vs. 73%; P = 0.023, and 48% vs. 74%; P = 0.043, respectively). The use of concentrated clotting factors before 1987 was significantly more frequent in HCV/HIV than in either HCV-infected or HCV-RNA-negative patients (96% vs. 49% and 48%, respectively; P < 0.001). Compared with HCV/HIV subjects, patients with HCV monoinfection were characterized by a higher proportion of infection with genotype 1 (80% vs. 61%; P = 0.027). The rate of persistently normal liver enzymes in these patients was higher (24% vs. 7%; P = 0.05) than in the HCV/HIV-coinfected patients. Advanced liver disease was significantly more common in patients with HCV/HIV-coinfection than in HCV-monoinfected patients (11% vs. 3%; P = 0.045). The majority of haemophilia patients are infected with HCV. Viral clearance occurred in a minority of these patients. HCV monoinfected and HCV/HIV coinfected differ clinically and prognostically.
    Haemophilia 02/2006; 12(1):68-74. · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recently, concerns have been raised regarding the potential impairment of neonatal platelet function and the potential risk of bleeding in neonates born to mothers treated with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI). Our aim was to test whether the platelet function of neonates born to SSRI-treated mothers was impaired when compared to non-SSRI-exposed neonates. In a single-center prospective study, platelet function was evaluated using a cone and platelet analyzer (CPA) device and compared between mother-infant pairs as well as normal non-SSRI-exposed infants. Twenty-seven SSRI-exposed and 27 non-SSRI-exposed full-term neonates and their 23 mothers were tested. No correlation was found between SSRI exposure among either neonates or mothers and parameters of surface coverage (SC) and average size (AS), manifesting platelet function as tested by CPA. SC was similar among SSRI-exposed babies as compared to those in the control group, whereas the size of platelet aggregates (AS) was higher among controls. Neither maternal diseases nor SSRI intake were associated with impaired platelet function and lower SC values, nor were any perinatal conditions. None of the babies suffered from bleeding. We conclude that maternal SSRI therapy does not impair whole-blood CPA-tested platelet function of healthy full-term neonates.
    Acta Haematologica 02/2006; 115(3-4):157-61. · 0.89 Impact Factor
  • American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - AMER J OBSTET GYNECOL. 01/2006; 195(6).

Publication Stats

2k Citations
282.53 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1999–2013
    • Tel Aviv University
      • Faculty of Medicine
      Tell Afif, Tel Aviv, Israel
  • 2003–2009
    • Ministry of Health, State of Israel
      Tell Afif, Tel Aviv, Israel
  • 1999–2009
    • Sheba Medical Center
      • Department of Pathology
      Gan, Tel Aviv, Israel
  • 2006
    • Assuta Medical Centers
      Tell Afif, Tel Aviv, Israel