K Anselme

Curtin University Sarawak, Miri, Sarawak, Malaysia

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Publications (116)333.81 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The lifetime of bone implants inside the human body is directly related to their osseointegration. Ideally, future materials should be inspired by human tissues and provide the material structure-function relationship from which synthetic advanced biomimetic materials capable of replacing, repairing or regenerating human tissues can be produced. This work describes the development of biomimetic thin coatings on titanium implants to improve implant osseointegration. The assembly of an inorganic-organic biomimetic structure by UV laser pulses is reported. The structure consists of a nanostructured hydroxyapatite (HA) film grown onto a titanium substrate by pulsed laser deposition (PLD) and activated by a top fibronectin (FN) coating deposited by matrix assisted pulsed laser evaporation (MAPLE). A pulsed KrF* laser source (λ=248 nm, τ=25 ns) was employed at fluences of 7 and 0.7J/cm2 for HA and FN transfer, respectively. Films approximately 1500 and 450 nm thick were obtained for HA and FN, respectively. A new cryogenic temperature-programmed desorption mass spectrometry analysis method was employed to accurately measure the quantity of immobilized protein. We determined that less than 7µg FN per cm2 HA surface is adequate to improve adhesion, spreading, and differentiation of osteoprogenitor cells. We believe that the proposed fabrication method opens the door to combining and immobilizing two or more inorganic and organic materials on a solid substrate in a well-defined manner. The flexibility of this method enables the synthesis of new hybrid materials by simply tailoring the irradiation conditions according to the thermo-physical properties of the starting materials.
    ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 12/2014; · 5.90 Impact Factor
  • 26th Bioceramics, Barcelone; 11/2014
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    ABSTRACT: Directional wettability, i.e. the variation of wetting properties, depending on the surface orientation, can be achieved by anisotropic surface texturing. A new high-precision process can produce homogeneous sinusoidal surfaces (in particular, parallel grooves) at the microscale, with a nanoscale residual roughness five orders of magnitude smaller than the texture features. Static wetting experiments have shown that this pattern, even with a very small aspect ratio, can induce a strong variation of the contact angle, depending on the direction of the observation. A comparison with numerical simulations (using Surface Evolver software) shows good agreement and could be used to predict fluid–solid interaction and droplet behaviour on textured surfaces. Two primary mechanisms of directional spreading of water droplets on textured stainless steel surface have been identified. The first one is the mechanical barrier created by the textured surface peaks; this limits spreading in a perpendicular direction to the surface anisotropy. The second one is the capillary action inside of the sinusoidal grooves, which accelerates spreading along the grooves. Spreading has been shown to depend strongly on the history of wetting and internal drop dynamics.
    Surface Topography: Metrology and Properties. 11/2014; 2(4):044003.
  • Matériaux, Montpellier/ France; 11/2014
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to synthesize and characterize novel nano-silver poly(acrylic acid) (AgNP-PAA) via photoreduction technique, and evaluate the biocompatibility and mechanical strength of the formed glass–ionomer cements (GIC). The polymer in the cement was composed of a long-chain poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) solution and AgNO3 (0, 0.05, 0.10 and 0.50 % wt/wt), and tartaric acid (TA) were added to formulate different final concentrations of silver nanoparticles polyacids. The formulations were UV irradiated and UV-Vis spectroscopy monitored the formation of AgNP. Human gingival fibroblasts HGF-1 (ATCC® CRL-2014™) were cultivated using the 24 h DMEM extract of the GIC. The cements were evaluated by compressive strength (CS) and in vitro indirect cytotoxicity test using an MTT assay. In the groups containing high AgNP levels, CS increased by 32 % compared to the control GIC group. Moreover, the synthesis of AgNP in the polyacids of the GIC increased the biocompatibility of the cements by 52 % compared to the control group. The PAA used in this work are not normally used to pharmaceutical needs. Therefore, we hypothesized that the process of photoredution used to synthesize AgNP in the polyacids helped to increase the biocompatibility of this PAA.
    8th Latin American Congress of Artificial Organs, Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering (8th COLAOB), Rossario, Argentina; 08/2014
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    ABSTRACT: Highly controlled mixed molecular layers are crucial to study the role of material surface chemistry in biointerfaces, such as bacteria and subsequent biofilms interacting with biomaterials. Silanes with non-nucleophilic functional groups are promising to form self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) due to their low sensitivity to side-reactions. Nevertheless, the real control of surface chemistry, layer structure and organization has not been determined. Here, we report a comprehensive synthesis and analysis of undecyltrichlorosilane- and 11-bromoundecyltrichlorosilane-based mixed SAMs on silicon substrates. The impact of the experimental conditions on the control of surface chemistry, layer structure and organization was investigated by combining survey and high-resolution X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis, wettability measurements and ellipsometry. The most appropriate conditions were first determined for elaborating highly reproducible, but easily made, pure 11-bromoundecyltrichlorosilane SAMs. We have demonstrated that the control is maintained on more complex surfaces i.e., surfaces revealing various chemical densities, which were obtained with different ratios of undecyltrichlorosilane and 11-bromoundecyltrichlorosilane. The control is also maintained after bromine to amine group conversion via SN2 bromine-to-azide reactions. The appropriateness of such highly controlled amino- and methyl-group revealing platforms (NH2-X%/CH3) for biointerface studies was shown by the higher reproducibility of bacterial adhesion on NH2-100%/CH3 SAMs compared to bacterial adhesion on molecular layers of overall similar surface chemistry, but less control at the molecular scale.
    ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 10/2013; · 5.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Arrays of nanowires (NWs) are currently being established as vehicles for molecule delivery and electrical- and fluorescence-based platforms in the development of biosensors. It is conceivable that NW-based biosensors can be optimized through increased understanding of how the nanotopography influences the interfaced biological material. Using state-of-the-art homogenous NW arrays allows for a systematic investigation of how the broad range of NW densities used by the community influences cells. Here it is demonstrated that indium arsenide NW arrays provide a cell-promoting surface, which induces both increased cell proliferation and focal adhesion up-regulation. Furthermore, a systematic variation in NW spacing affects both the detailed cell morphology and adhesion properties, where the latter can be predicted based on changes in free-energy states using the proposed theoretical model. As the NW density influences cellular parameters, such as cell size and adhesion tightness, it will be important to take NW density into consideration in the continued development of NW-based platforms for cellular applications, such as molecule delivery and electrical measurements.
    ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 09/2013; · 5.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: The aim of this study was to use a novel synthesized silver nanoparticle (NAg)-containing polyacid to formulate conventional glass ionomer (GI) and evaluate the effect of NAg on the compressive strength and contact inhibition of Streptococcus mutans to the surface of the formed GI. Method: Poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) solutions containing or not NAg synthesized in situ were hand mixed to glass powders of Fuji IXTM (GC coorp.). Compressive strength of groups (n=8) were tested according to ISO 9917:2003. Contact inhibition of S. mutans (CIP 103220) incubated in BHI for 20h at 37oC were compared on GI surfaces using a confocal laser scanning microscopy. Result: The presence of 0.07% NAg in the glass ionomer matrix increased values of compressive strength compared to control (no NAg) (P<0.01). Fluorescent phase-contrast images suggest that NAg are inhibiting S. mutans adhesion due to the reduced amount of bacteria adhered to the surface of NAg groups, and also because of the tendency of agglomeration and changes in cell morphology. Conclusion: This study developed a novel antibacterial conventional glass-ionomer. Within the limitations of this study, it appears that the experimental cement is a clinically attractive dental restorative due to its high mechanical strength and antibacterial function.
    Annual Meeting of the IADR Continental European Division 2013; 09/2013
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    ABSTRACT: This work describes the preparation and characterization of porous 3D-scaffolds based on chitosan (CHI), chitosan/silk fibroin (CHI/SF) and chitosan/silk fibroin/hydroxyapatite (CHI/SF/HA) by freeze drying. The biomaterials were characterized by X-ray diffraction, attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, differential scanning calorimetry, scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopy. In addition, studies of porosity, pore size, contact angle and biological response of SaOs-2osteoblastic cells were performed. The CHI scaffolds have a porosity of 94.2±0.9%, which is statistically higher than the one presented by CHI/SF/HA scaffolds, 89.7±2.6%. Although all scaffolds were able to promote adhesion, growth and maintenance of osteogenic differentiation of SaOs-2 cells, the new 3D-scaffold based on CHI/SF/HA showed a significantly higher cell growth at 7days and 21days and the level of alkaline phosphatase at 14 and 21days was statistically superior compared to other tested materials.
    Materials science & engineering. C, Materials for biological applications. 08/2013; 33(6):3389-3395.
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    ABSTRACT: Laser direct write techniques represent a prospective alternative for engineering a new generation of hybrid biomaterials via the creation of patterns consisting of biological proteins onto practically any type of substrate. In this paper we report on the characterization of fibronectin features obtained onto titanium substrates by UV nanosecond laser transfer. Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy measurements evidenced no modification in the secondary structure of the post-transferred protein. The molecular weight of the transferred protein was identical to the initial fibronectin, no fragment bands being found in the transferred protein's Western blot migration profile. The presence of the cell-binding domain sequence and the mannose groups within the transferred molecules was revealed by anti-fibronectin monoclonal antibody immunolabelling and FITC-Concanavalin-A staining, respectively. The in vitro tests performed with MC3T3-E1 osteoblast-like cells and Swiss-3T3 fibroblasts showed that the cells' morphology and spreading were strongly influenced by the presence of the fibronectin spots.
    Journal of Materials Science Materials in Medicine 04/2013; · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    Doris M Campos, Gloria A Soares, Karine Anselme
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    ABSTRACT: We have recently developed new 3D hydroxyapatite/collagen (50/50 wt%) scaffolds using a biomimetic synthesis approach. The first in vitro tests performed in static culture showed a limited cell colonization and survival inside the scaffolds. The current study evaluated in dynamic culture the scaffold changes and colonization by human immortalized osteoprogenitor STRO-1A cells. The stability of our scaffolds in the different culture conditions (static, low flow, high flow) was validated by the maintenance of the pore diameter and interconnectivity over 21 d. The colonization and the viability of STRO-1A cells inside the scaffolds were further evaluated on histological sections. It was demonstrated that only the high flow-rate allowed cell survival after 7 d and a complete scaffold colonization. Moreover, the colonization and viability was different in function of the scaffold position inside the perfusion container. The differentiation markers (alkaline phosphatase activity, type I procollagen and osteocalcin synthesis) of STRO-1A cells were analyzed in the culture medium after 7, 14 and 21 d. The low flow-rate increased significantly the three markers compared with static conditions. In contrast, markers were reduced in high flow-rate compared with low flow-rate. To explain this surprising result, we hypothesized that the different molecules were actually adsorbed on the scaffold because of the closed circuit used in the high flow-rate conditions. In summary, this study provides original results on the influence of flow rate but mostly of the circuit used (open/closed) on the structural modifications and cell colonization of collagen-HA scaffolds.
    Biomatter. 04/2013; 3(2).
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    ABSTRACT: Chemo-mechanotransduction, the way by which mechanical forces are transformed into chemical signals, plays a fundamental role in many biological processes. The first step of mechanotransduction often relies on exposure, under stretching, of cryptic sites buried in adhesion proteins. Likewise, here we report the first example of synthetic surfaces allowing specific interactions with proteins or cells promoted by mechanical action in a fully reversible manner. Silicone sheets are first plasma treated and then functionalized by grafting sequentially under stretching poly(ethyleneglycol) (PEG) chains and biotin or arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) peptides. At rest position these ligands are not accessible for their receptors. Under stretching the surface becomes specifically interactive to streptavidin, biotin-antibodies or adherent for cells, the interactions being fully reversible by stretching/unstretching both for proteins and cells, revealing a reversible exposure process of the ligands. By changing the degree of stretching, the amount of interacting proteins can be varied continuously.
    ACS Nano 03/2013; 7:3457-3465. · 12.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: a b s t r a c t We have recently demonstrated strong nuclear deformation of SaOs-2 osteosarcoma cells on poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) micropillar substrates. In the present study, we first demonstrated that chemical and me-chanical properties of the micropillar substrates have no dominant effect on deformation. However, SaOs-2 nucleus deformation could be strongly modulated by varying the pillar size and spacing, high-lighting the importance of geometric constraints for shaping the nucleus. Furthermore, comparing the capacity for nuclear deformation in three different osteosarcoma cell lines (SaOs-2, MG-63 and OHS-4) revealed strong cell-type specific differences. Surprisingly, the highly-deformable SaOs-2 cell line dis-played the highest cell stiffness as assessed by AFM-based colloidal force spectroscopy and featured a more prominent array of actin fibres above the nucleus, suggesting a link between actin-mediated cell stiffness and cell nucleus deformation. In contrast, in MG-63 and OHS-4 cells dense microtubule and vimentin networks seem to facilitate some nuclear deformation even in the absence of a prominent actin cytoskeleton. Together these results suggest that an interaction of all three cytoskeletal elements is needed for efficient nuclear deformation. In conclusion, the dominant parameters influencing nuclear deformation on micropillar substrates are not their material properties but the substrate geometry together with cell phenotype and cytoskeleton organization.
    Biomaterials 01/2013; · 8.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Calcium phosphates, particularly hydroxyapatite Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2 (HA), arewidely used for bone regeneration due to their biocompatibility and good resorption properties. However, their performance upon implantation is improved when they are associated with bioactive molecules such as growth factors. Using mesoporous HA leads to improved protein adsorption and release kinetics because the diameter of the mesopores (2–50 nm) is in the same range as their size. We prepared this type of material by the nanocasting method using three different templates: a silica foam and two carbon templates derived fromit using propylene or sucrose as carbon source. We investigated the influence of the template, the calcination temperature and of the conditions during template removal. We obtained HA materials with a surface area of up to 90 m2 g-1 and with an intergranular mesopore volume of up to 0.4 cm3 g-1. In this paper,we showfor the first time that the synthesis of mesoporous HA from a mesoporous silica foam template allows eliminating the template at lower temperatures (in an alkaline medium), thus preventing the sintering of the HA. These materials have interesting properties for drug delivery applications. The protein adsorption and release capacities of these HAs were tested with two model proteins, bovine serum albumin (BSA), and Cytochrome C. These materials are an important milestone for future bone regeneration systems based on HA associated with human growth factor proteins.
    Journal of Materials Science 01/2013; 48:3722. · 2.31 Impact Factor
  • 01/2013: pages 469-489; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA., ISBN: 9783527649600
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    ABSTRACT: In order to design soft coatings, surface tethering of vesicular structures self-assembled from oligonucleotide-polymer hybrids is achieved through hybridization. Watson-Crick base-pairing occurs between the nucleotide sequences involved in the self-assembly and their surface-tethered complementary sequences. Combining the quartz crystal microbalance and in situ observations using confocal laser scanning microscopy, it is evidenced that the vesicles retain their morphology even under flow stress. Surprisingly, these soft surfaces prevent bacterial colonization.
    Advanced Functional Materials 12/2012; 22(23). · 10.44 Impact Factor
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    K Anselme, M Bigerelle
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    ABSTRACT: Surface characteristics of materials, whether their topography, chemistry, or surface energy, play an essential part in osteoblast adhesion on biomaterials. Thus, the quality of cell adhesion will influence the cell's capacity to proliferate and differentiate in contact with a biomaterial. We have developed for more than ten years numerous studies on the influence of topography and chemistry of metallic substrates on the response of primary human bone cells. The originality of our approach is that contrary to most of other authors, we quantified the adhesion of primary human bone cells on metallic substrates with perfectly characterized surface topography after some hours but also over 21 days. Moreover, we have developed original statistical approaches for characterizing the relation between surface roughness and cell-adhesion parameters. In this article, we will illustrate different studies we did these last ten years concerning the development of a new adhesion parameter, the adhesion power; the correlation between short-term adhesion, long-term adhesion, and proliferation; the influence of roughness organization on cell adhesion and the development of the order parameter; our modeling approach of cell adhesion on surface topography; the relative influence of surface chemistry and topography on cell adhesion and contact angle; the relation between surface features dimensions and cell adhesion. Further, some considerations will be given on the methods for scanning surface topography for cell-adhesion studies. Finally, perspectives will be given to elucidate these intracellular mechanotransduction mechanisms induced by the deformation of cells on model sinusoidal peaks-or-valleys surfaces. SCANNING 00: 1-10, 2012. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Scanning 11/2012; · 1.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, two series of 11 samples of TiAl6V4 titanium alloy and 316L stainless steel have been polished in an isotropic manner at different levels in order to quantify the influence of biomaterial roughness on cell behavior. Topography was measured by a tactile profilometer and a multiscale analysis has been carried out. Human osteoblasts have been cultured on those samples. It appears that roughness has no reproducible effect on the cell behavior except an influence on cell orientation on the wider grooves. As a conclusion, biomaterial surface damage, in the roughness range between R(a) = 0.01 and 0.1 μm, has no influence on cell-adhesion mechanisms when roughness is isotropic and groove width is inferior to a critical value. SCANNING 00: 1-9, 2012. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Scanning 11/2012; · 1.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This work evaluates the thermal reactivity and the biological reactivity of an amorphous calcium phosphate thin film produced by radio frequency (RF) magnetron sputtering onto titanium substrates. The analyses showed that the sputtering conditions used in this work led to the deposition of an amorphous calcium phosphate. The thermal treatment of this amorphous coating in the presence of H2O and CO2 promoted the formation of a carbonated HA crystalline coating with the entrance of CO32 − ions into the hydroxyl HA lattice. When immersed in culture medium, the amorphous and carbonated coatings exhibited a remarkable instability. The presence of proteins increased the dissolution process, which was confirmed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analyses. Moreover, the carbonated HA coating induced precipitation independently of the presence of proteins under dynamic conditions. Despite this surface instability, this reactive calcium phosphate significantly improved the cellular behavior. The cell proliferation was higher on the Ticp than on the calcium phosphate coatings, but the two coatings increased cellular spreading and stress fiber formation. In this sense, the presence of reactive calcium phosphate coatings can stimulate cellular behavior.
    Materials Science and Engineering C 10/2012; 32(7):2086–2095. · 2.74 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

3k Citations
333.81 Total Impact Points


  • 2014
    • Curtin University Sarawak
      • School of Engineering and Science
      Miri, Sarawak, Malaysia
  • 2013
    • Institut de France
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2010–2013
    • Université de Haute-Alsace
      • Institut de Science des Matériaux de Mulhouse : IS2M
      Mulhousen, Alsace, France
  • 2011
    • Université de Technologie de Compiègne
      • Laboratoire Roberval
      Compiègne, Picardie, France
    • National Institute for Laser, Plasma and Radiation Physics
      Bucureşti, Bucureşti, Romania
  • 2000–2006
    • Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale (ULCO)
      Dunkirk, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
  • 2002
    • Institut Calot
      Berck-sur-Mer, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France