Marcel Scheithauer

Universitätsklinikum Jena, Jena, Thuringia, Germany

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Publications (13)22.28 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The present study investigated the radiophysical influences on the measurement of dosimetry basic data, attributable to field size, photon energy and detector type. A natural diamond detector, two ionisation chambers, different Si-diodes and a EBT-Gafchromic film were studied for this purpose. The characteristics of the detectors were investigated with regard to the measurement of output factors, lateral beam profiles and relative depth-dose curves for narrow and wide photon beams of 15 MV Significant differences in output factors were obtained with different detectors. For narrow fields, the natural diamond detector and the diodes PTW-60012 and SCX_WH-PFD measured output factors close to those of the EBT-Gafchromic film. The output facto rfor large fields was overestimated by the unshielded diode PTW 60012 and the PinPoint-chamber PTW-31006 because of their over-response to scattered photons. The relative depth dose distributions for wide beams at large depths agree well for the diamond, the ionisation chambers and the shielded Diode SCX_ WH-PFD and PTW-60008, while the measured dose was overestimated by an unshielded diode PTW-60012. Considering the influence due to the sensitive materials and the construction of the detectors the manufacturers of dosimeters have specified the application ranges for the various types of detectors.
    Zeitschrift für Medizinische Physik 02/2007; 17(3):172-9. · 1.41 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The present study investigated the radiophysical influences on the measurement of dosimetry basic data, attributable to field size, photon energy and detector type. A natural diamond detector, two ionisation chambers, different Si-diodes and a EBT-Gafchromic film were studied for this purpose.The characteristics of the detectors were investigated with regard to the measurement of output factors, lateral beam profiles and relative depth-dose curves for narrow and wide photon beams of 15 MV. Significant differences in output factors were obtained with different detectors. For narrow fields, the natural diamond detector and the diodes PTW-60012 and SCX_WH-PFD measured output factors close to those of the EBT-Gafchromic film. The output factor for large fields was overestimated by the unshielded diode PTW 60012 and the PinPoint-chamber PTW-31006 because of their over-response to scattered photons. The relative depth dose distributions for wide beams at large depths agree well for the diamond, the ionisation chambers and the shielded Diode SCX_WH-PFD and PTW-60008, while the measured dose was overestimated by an unshielded diode PTW-60012.Considering the influence due to the sensitive materials and the construction of the detectors the manufacturers of dosimeters have specified the application ranges for the various types of detectors.
    Zeitschrift Fur Medizinische Physik - Z MED PHYS. 01/2007; 17(3):172-179.
  • Rofo-fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiet Der Rontgenstrahlen Und Der Bildgebenden Verfahren - ROFO-FORTSCHR RONTGENSTRAHL. 01/2007; 179.
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    ABSTRACT: With three-dimensional conformal intensity-modulated radiotherapy (3D-c-IMRT) a heterogeneous dose distribution can be achieved in both planning treatment volume and in adjacent normal tissues and organs to be spared. 3D-c-IMRT demands for modified photon fluence profiles which can be accomplished with different techniques. This report deals with the commissioning of metal compensators and the first experiences in clinical use. Dosimetric accuracy, dose coverage and practical experience like treatment delivery time, monitor units and dose outside the treated volume are evaluated. From January 2002 to April 2004, 24 patients with head-and-neck cancers were treated with 3D-c-IMRT using tin-wax compensators. The dose prescription included a simultaneously integrated boost (SIB). High-dose volume was irradiated with 60-70 Gy (median 66 Gy), low-dose volume with 48-54 Gy (median 52 Gy) administered by a standardized seven- portal coplanar beam arrangement. Dose at one parotid gland was aimed at 26 Gy. The compensators used consisted of tin granules embedded in wax; recalculation was performed with compensators made of the alloy MCP96 as well. In 21 of 24 patients 3D-c-IMRT with tin-wax compensators reduced the median dose to one parotid gland to < 30 Gy. Recalculation with compensators with higher density which allowed higher attenuation revealed better protection of the parotid gland. The treatment delivery time per fraction was between 6 and 12 min (plus time for patient positioning), approximately 300 MU per 2 Gy were applied. The dose outside the treated volume was increased with regard to open fields and comparable with a physical wedge of 15-30 degrees . Quality assurance and treatment of patient were fast and simple. It was shown, that calculated dose distribution corresponded to measured dose distribution with high accuracy. The described method offers facilities for a good dose coverage of irregular target volumes with different prescribed doses and a considerable dose reduction in adjacent organs at risk. The dose sparing of organs at risk can be further improved, if a compensator material with higher density is used.
    Strahlentherapie und Onkologie 10/2005; 181(10):665-72. · 4.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Test and comparison of various 2-D real-time detectors for dosimetric quality assurance (QA) of intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) with the vision to replace radiographic films for 2-D dosimetry. All IMRT treatment plans were created with the Konrad software (Siemens OCS). The final dose calculation was also carried out in Konrad. A Mevatron Primus (Siemens OCS) linear accelerator which provides 6-MV and 15-MV highenergy photon beams was used for the delivery of segmented multileaf-modulated IMRT. Three different 2-D detectors, each based on a different physical (interaction) principle, were tested for the field-related IMRT verification: (1) the MapCheck diode system (Sun Nuclear), (2) the I'mRT QA scintillation detector (Scanditronix/Wellhöfer), and the Seven29 ionization chamber array (PTW). The performance of these detector arrays was evaluated against IMRT dose distributions created and calculated with Konrad and the results obtained were compared with film measurements performed with radiographic films (EDR2, Kodak). Additionally, measurements were performed with point detectors, such as diamond, diodes (PTW) and ionization chambers (PTW, Scanditronics/ Wellhöfer) and radiochromic films (GafChromic film MD55, ISP). The results obtained with all three 2-D detector systems were in good agreement with calculations performed with the treatment-planning system and with the standard dosimetric tools, i.e., films or various point dose detectors. It could be shown that all three systems offer dosimetric characteristics required for performing field-related IMRT QA with relative dose measurements. The accuracy of the 2-D detectors was mostly +/- 3% normalized to dose maximum for a wide dynamic range. The maximum deviations did not exceed +/- 5% even in regions with a steep dose gradient. The main differences between the detector systems were the spatial resolution, the maximal field size, and the ability to perform absolute dosimetric measurements. Commercial 2-D detectors have the potential to replace films as an "area detector" for field-related verification of IMRT. The on-line information provided by the respective systems can even improve the efficiency of the QA procedures.
    Strahlentherapie und Onkologie 08/2005; 181(7):468-74. · 4.16 Impact Factor
  • Radiotherapy and Oncology - RADIOTHER ONCOL. 01/2005; 76.
  • Strahlentherapie Und Onkologie - STRAHLENTHER ONKOL. 01/2005; 181(7):468-474.
  • International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics - INT J RADIAT ONCOL BIOL PHYS. 01/2004; 60(1).
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    ABSTRACT: The present study focused on the reconstruction of the bremsstrahlung spectrum of a clinical linear accelerator from the measured transmission curve, with the aim of improving the accuracy of this method. The essence of the method was the analytic inverse Laplace transform of a parameter function fitted to the measured transmission curve. We tested known fitting functions, however they resulted in considerable fitting inaccuracy, leading to inaccuracies of the bremsstrahlung spectrum. In order to minimise the fitting errors, we employed a linear combination of n equations with 2n-1 parameters. The fitting errors are now considerably smaller. The measurement of the transmission function requires that the energy-dependent detector response is taken into account. We analysed the underlying physical context and developed a function that corrects for the energy-dependent detector response. The factors of this function were experimentally determined or calculated from tabulated values.
    Zeitschrift für Medizinische Physik 02/2003; 13(1):22-9. · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The use of intensity modulated radiation fields needs an extended quality assurance concept. This consists of a linac related part and a case related part. Case related means the verification of an individual treatment plan, optimized on a CT data set of an individual patient and prepared for the treatment of this patient. This part of the quality assurance work is usually time consuming, delivers only partially quantitative results and is uncomfortable without additional help. It will be shown in this paper how the software VERIDOS will improve the optimization of the case related part of the quality assurance work. The main function of the software is the quantitative comparison of the calculated dose distribution from the treatment planning software with the measured dose distribution of an irradiated phantom. Several additional functions will be explained. Two self-developed phantoms made of RW3 (solid water) and GAFCHROMIC films or Kodak EDR2 films for the measurement of the dose distributions were used. VERIDOS was tested with the treatment planning systems Helay-TMS and Brainscan. VERIDOS is a suitable tool for the import of calculated dose matrices from the treatment planning systems Helax-TMS and Brainscan and of measured dose matrices exported from the dosimetry software Mephysto (PTW). The import from other treatment planning systems and scanning software applications for film dosimetry is generally possible. In such case the import function has to be adapted to the special header of the import matrix. All other functions of this software tool like normalization (automatically, manually), working with corrections (ground substraction, factors), overlay/comparison of dose distributions, difference matrix, cutting function (profiles) and export functions work reliable. VERIDOS improves the optimization of the case related part of the quality assurance work for intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). The diverse functions of the software offer the radiation physicist a wide base to verify the IMRT plan independent from the mode of its delivery (compensator technology or MLC technology).
    Strahlentherapie und Onkologie 01/2003; 178(12):732-6. · 4.16 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The irradiation with intensity-modulated fields is possible with static as well as dynamic methods. In our university hospital, the intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) with compensators was prepared and used for the first time for patient irradiation in July 2001. The compensators consist of a mixture of tin granulate and wax, which is filled in a milled negative mould. The treatment planning is performed with Helax-TMS (MDS Nordion). An additional software is used for editing the modulation matrix ("Modifix"). Before irradiation of the first patient, extensive measurements have been carried out in terms of quality assurance of treatment planning and production of compensators. The results of the verification measurements have shown that IMRT with compensators possesses high spatial and dosimetric exactness. The calculated dose distributions are applied correctly. The accuracy of the calculated monitor units is normally better than 3%; in small volumes, further dosimetric inaccuracies between calculated and measured dose distributions are mostly less than 3%. Therefore, the compensators contribute to the achievement of high-level IMRT even when apparatuses without MLC are used. This paper describes the use of the IMRT with compensators, presents the limits of this technology, and discusses the first practical experiences.
    Zeitschrift für Medizinische Physik 02/2002; 12(2):115-21. · 1.41 Impact Factor
  • M Scheithauer, M Schwedas, H Salz, T Wiezorek
    Zeitschrift für Medizinische Physik 02/2002; 12(4):281; author reply 282. · 1.41 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background and Purpose: With three-dimensional conformal intensity-modulated radiotherapy (3D-c-IMRT) a heterogeneous dose distribution can be achieved in both planning treatment volume and in adjacent normal tissues and organs to be spared. 3D-c-IMRT demands for modified photon fluence profiles which can be accomplished with different techniques. This report deals with the commissioning of metal compensators and the first experiences in clinical use. Dosimetric accuracy, dose coverage and practical experience like treatment delivery time, monitor units and dose outside the treated volume are evaluated. Patients and Methods: From January 2002 to April 2004, 24 patients with head-and-neck cancers were treated with 3D-c-IMRT using tin-wax compensators. The dose prescription included a simultaneously integrated boost (SIB). High-dose volume was irradiated with 60–70 Gy (median 66 Gy), low-dose volume with 48–54 Gy (median 52 Gy) administered by a standardized seven- portal coplanar beam arrangement. Dose at one parotid gland was aimed at 26 Gy. The compensators used consisted of tin granules embedded in wax; recalculation was performed with compensators made of the alloy MCP96 as well. Results: In 21 of 24 patients 3D-c-IMRT with tin-wax compensators reduced the median dose to one parotid gland to < 30 Gy. Recalculation with compensators with higher density which allowed higher attenuation revealed better protection of the parotid gland. The treatment delivery time per fraction was between 6 and 12 min (plus time for patient positioning), approximately 300 MU per 2 Gy were applied. The dose outside the treated volume was increased with regard to open fields and comparable with a physical wedge of 15–30°. Quality assurance and treatment of patient were fast and simple. It was shown, that calculated dose distribution corresponded to measured dose distribution with high accuracy. Conclusion: The described method offers facilities for a good dose coverage of irregular target volumes with different prescribed doses and a considerable dose reduction in adjacent organs at risk. The dose sparing of organs at risk can be further improved, if a compensator material with higher density is used.
    Strahlentherapie und Onkologie 181(12). · 4.16 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

71 Citations
22.28 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2003–2007
    • Universitätsklinikum Jena
      • Klinik für Strahlentherapie und Radioonkologie
      Jena, Thuringia, Germany
  • 2002–2005
    • Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena
      • Polyclinic of Angiology
      Jena, Thuringia, Germany