B Gregori

Nuclear Regulatory Authority, Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires F.D., Argentina

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Publications (3)1.82 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Several intercomparison exercises were organised by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) on the determination of operational quantities at the regional or interregional basis. In the Latin American region an intercomparison for the determination of the operational quantity Hp(10) was completed mid-2004, as a follow-up to previous exercises carried out during the 1990s. Eighteen individual external monitoring services from nineteen Member States participated in the first phase. The second phase grouped 15 services that had participated in the first phase. Dosemeter irradiations in photon beams were done by four Secondary Standard Dosimetry Laboratories (SSDLs) of the region. The preparation of this exercises involved an audit by the IAEA SSDL, where reference irradiations were provided to all participants for verification of their systems. During the first phase (2002-2003) only 9 out of 18 services met the performance requirements for such monitoring services. Necessary corrective actions and procedure verification were implemented. During the second phase (2004) 11 out of 15 services fulfilled the performance criteria. This intercomparison shows that there has been improvement in the second phase and most participants demonstrated a satisfactory performance of the quantity tested.
    Radiation Protection Dosimetry 02/2007; 125(1-4):84-7. · 0.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this work, a neutron spectrometric system based on a set of moderating spheres with thermoluminescence detectors (TLD) is presented. The system at the Nuclear Regulatory Authority (ARN) Dosimetry Laboratory consists of 12 solid spheres made of high-density polyethylene (p = 0.95 g x cm(-3)), with diameters ranging from 2" to 12" and TLD sensitive to thermal and gamma radiation, namely TLD-600 and TLD-700, located at the centre of the spheres. The neutron response matrix for this Bonner Sphere Spectrometer (BSS) was calculated using the MCNP-IVB code and the library ENDF/B-VI in the energy range between thermal neutrons and 100 MeV. The neutron spectrum was obtained using the LOUH182 unfolding code. The improvement in sensitivity of the system is based on the election of a different heating cycle of the TLD that allows an increase in sensitivity by a factor of 2.6 compared with the standard laboratory treatment. The system response for the calibration with an Am-Be source is presented.
    Radiation Protection Dosimetry 02/2002; 101(1-4):133-6. · 0.91 Impact Factor
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    Juan Angel Cruzate, Jorge Luis Carelli, Beatriz Norma Gregori
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    ABSTRACT: The most widely used system in neutrons measurements for radiological protection is the Bonner Sphere Spectrometer (BSS). The BSS is applied to characterise neutron fields from thermal to hundreds of MeVs. The Nuclear Regulatory Authority of Argentina has developed and calibrated its own BSS system, which has been used in many Argentine facilities during the last eleven years when the regulatory activities have been carried out. Following this line of work, the present development has been done in the framework of the International Intercomparison "Uncertainty Assessment in Computational Dosimetry: A Comparison of Approaches", organised by the CONRAD project (Coordinated Network for Radiation Dosimetry). The aim of intercomparison was to study the response of a proposed widespread neutron spectrometer exposed to arbitrary neutron sources. With this goal in mind, the experimental system has been modelled in detail according to the provided layout. The modelled neutron spectrometer consists of 8 Bonner spheres made of high-density polyethylene (δ=0.95gc/m 3). The spheres diameter range between 2" and 12" in addition to a 12" diameter lead-loaded sphere. The defined active thermal neutron detector, a 6 LiI(Eu) scintillation crystal, was according to provided dimensions (4 mm (diameter) by 4 mm (height)), and located at each sphere centre. Irradiation geometry has been according to measurements carried out during the experimental part of the intercomparison. The theoretical neutron response has been calculated applying the well-known MCNPX code. The complete response matrix of the system has been obtained in the energy range between thermal neutron and 17.77 MeV. The obtained system theoretical response to ISO standard 241 Am-Be and 252 Cf sources shows an excellent agreement with experimental results provided by EURADOS. This response can be used to calibrate the system. The obtained matrix response can be coupled to any unfolding code to complete the BSS system used in the intercomparison or similar.