[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 21-year-old woman with complaints of hematochezia was diagnosed as having Cowden's disease (CD), an autosomal dominant condition characterized by multiple hamartomas, since facial papules and gingival papillomas were identified. On endoscopy, multiple hyperplastic polyps were seen in the rectum and left-side colon. There were also esophageal glycogenic acanthosis and hyperplastic polyposis in the antrum accompanied by Helicobacter pylori-related gastritis. Although gastric hyperplastic polyposis had by no means regressed with unsuccessful first-line eradication therapy for H pylori, following cure of the infection with salvage therapy consisting of rabeprazole, amoxicillin and metronidazole, the polyposis lesions almost disappeared. Follow-up gastroscopy 2 and 3 years after cessation of the second-line eradication therapy revealed almost complete regression of the polyposis lesions with no evidence of H pylori infection. We recommend eradication treatment for CD patients with gastric hyperplastic polyps and the infection, as the occurrence of gastric carcinoma among hyperplastic polyps has been described.
World Journal of Gastroenterology 04/2005; 11(10):1567-9. · 2.55 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: It has recently been proposed that disturbed gastric adaptive relaxation may play a role in functional dyspepsia (FD). However, the effect of Helicobacter pylori infection, which may be one of multiple factors associated with FD, on gastric relaxation is not clear. The aim of this study was to clarify the influence of H. pylori infection on the responsiveness of smooth muscles of the gastric fundus to agonists or to stimulation of enteric nerves, with particular emphasis on nonadrenergic noncholinergic (NANC) relaxation.
We investigated myogenic responses to carbachol (CCH) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP), and neural responses to electrical field stimulation (EFS), in the absence or presence of atropine and guanethidine, in the tissues of the gastric fundus of H. pylori-infected Mongolian gerbils (MGs).
H. pylori-infected MGs showed typical gastritis, with H. pylori colonization in the antrum and body. The gastric fundus adjacent to the body was composed of thin gastric mucosa with mild inflammation, which was covered with stratified squamous epithelium, and the muscle layer communicated with that of the gastric body. In the gastric fundus, CCH- and SNP-induced responses were not different in controls and H. pylori-infected MGs. In the absence of any antagonists, EFS-evoked contraction tended to be reduced in H. pylori-infected MGs compared with that in control MGs, albeit that the difference was statistically nonsignificant. N(omega)-nitro- l-arginine methyl ester inhibited NANC relaxation in the tissues in both groups. EFS-evoked NANC relaxation remained intact in H. pylori-infected MGs.
Mild inflammation in gastric fundus associated with H. pylori infection does not cause enteric neuromuscular dysfunction of the site in vitro.
Journal of Gastroenterology 02/2002; 37(8):589-95. · 3.79 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis (IRF) and primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) are distinct clinical disorders which rarely occur in the same patient. We report a 79-year-old man with the coexistence of both conditions. The patient had antibodies to both centromere and mitochondria, as indicated by indirect immunofluorescence. Diagnoses of IRF and PBC were confirmed histologically. Although the association between IRF and PBC is obscure, IRF may be involved in many autoimmune diseases associated with PBC.
Journal of Gastroenterology 02/2000; 35(8):646-8. · 3.79 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We studied five patients diagnosed with primary gastric lymphoma between 1985 and 1995 in Omura Munisipa Hospital to investigate the relationship between Helicobacter pylori, Epstein-Barr virus and primary malignant gastric lymphoma. H. pylori was detected by hematoxylin-eosin stain, Giemsa stain, immunohistochemistry while EBV was detected by in situ hybridization in the lymphoma and background mucosa. H. pylori but not EBV, was detected in all cases. Furthermore, malignant lymphomas were mainly located in the area of the fundic gland where H. pylori was frequently identified and caused inflammation. In contrast, malignant lymphomas were not detected in areas with intestinal metaplasia. Our results suggest that malignant lymphoma may develop in a region where the immune system has been activated by H. pylori. In contrast, EBV is unlikely to play an important role in the development of gastric lymphoma, compared to H. pylori