Hong-Shi Zong

Nanjing University, Nan-ching, Jiangsu Sheng, China

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Publications (115)215.92 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We derive the Pauli equation for a charged spin particle confined to move on a spatially curved surface $\mathcal{S}$ in an electromagnetic field. Using the thin-layer quantization scheme to constrain the particle on $\mathcal{S}$, and in the transformed spinor representations, we obtain the well-known geometric potential $V_g$ and the presence of $e^{-i\varphi}$, which can generate additive spin connection geometric potentials by the curvilinear coordinate derivatives, and we find that the two fundamental evidences in the literature [Giulio Ferrari and Giampaolo Cuoghi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 230403 (2008).] are still valid in the present system without source current perpendicular to $\mathcal{S}$. Finally, we apply the surface Pauli equation to spherical, cylindrical, and toroidal surfaces, in which we obtain expectantly the geometric potentials and new spin connection geometric potentials, and find that only the normal Pauli matrix appears in these equations.
    11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Based on the study of the linear response of the fermion propagator in the presence of an external scalar field, we calculate the staggered spin susceptibility in the low energy limit in the framework of the Dyson-Schwinger approach. We analyze the effect of a finite gauge boson mass on the staggered spin susceptibility in both Nambu phase and Wigner phase. It is found that the gauge boson mass suppresses the staggered spin susceptibility in Wigner phase. In addition, we try to give an explanation for why the antiferromagnetic spin correlation increases when the doping is lowered.
    10/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Based on the feature of chiral susceptibility and thermal susceptibility at finite temperature, the nature of chiral phase transition around the critical number of fermion flavors ($N_c$) and the critical temperature ($T_c$) at a fixed fermion flavors number in massless QED$_3$ are investigated. It is showed that, at finite temperature the system exhibits a second-order phase transition at $N_c$ or $T_c$ and each of the estimated critical exponents is less than 1, while it reveals a higher-order continuous phase transition around $N_c$ at zero temperature.
    Physical Review D 08/2014; 90(6). · 4.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper, the relations of four different susceptibilities (i.e., the chiral susceptibility, the fermion number susceptibility, the thermal susceptibility and the staggered spin susceptibility) are investigated both in and beyond the chiral limit. To this end, we numerically solve the finite temperature version of the truncated Dyson-Schwinger equations for fermion and boson propagator. It is found that, in the chiral limit, the four susceptibilities give the same critical temperature and signal a typical second order phase transition. But the situation changes beyond the chiral limit: the critical temperatures from the chiral and the thermal susceptibilities are different, which shows that to define a critical region instead of an exclusive point for crossover might be a more suitable choice; meanwhile, both the fermion number and the staggered spin susceptibilities have no singular behaviors any more, this may mean that they are no longer available to describe the crossover properties of the system.
    08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We compute the kaon's valence-quark (twist-two parton) distribution amplitude (PDA) by projecting its Poincare'-covariant Bethe-Salpeter wave-function onto the light-front. At a scale \zeta=2GeV, the PDA is a broad, concave and asymmetric function, whose peak is shifted 12-16% away from its position in QCD's conformal limit. These features are a clear expression of SU(3)-flavour-symmetry breaking. They show that the heavier quark in the kaon carries more of the bound-state's momentum than the lighter quark and also that emergent phenomena in QCD modulate the magnitude of flavour-symmetry breaking: it is markedly smaller than one might expect based on the difference between light-quark current masses. Our results add to a body of evidence which indicates that at any energy scale accessible with existing or foreseeable facilities, a reliable guide to the interpretation of experiment requires the use of such nonperturbatively broadened PDAs in leading-order, leading-twist formulae for hard exclusive processes instead of the asymptotic PDA associated with QCD's conformal limit. We illustrate this via the ratio of kaon and pion electromagnetic form factors: using our nonperturbative PDAs in the appropriate formulae, $F_K/F_\pi=1.23$ at spacelike-$Q^2=17\,{\rm GeV}^2$, which compares satisfactorily with the value of $0.92(5)$ inferred in $e^+ e^-$ annihilation at $s=17\,{\rm GeV}^2$.
    Physics Letters B 06/2014; · 4.57 Impact Factor
  • Bin Wang, Zhu-Fang Cui, Wei-Min Sun, Hong-Shi Zong
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper we study the chiral phase transition of QCD at ?nite temperature and density by using the rank-2 con?ning separable gluon propagator model in the framework of Dyson-Schwinger Equations. The critical end point is located at (T_CEP, {\mu}_CEP) = (69 MeV, 270.3 MeV). It is also found that the first order phase transition might not end at one point, but experiences a two-phase coexisting meta-stable state. A comparison with the results in the previous literature is given.
    Few-Body Systems 04/2014; 55(1). · 1.05 Impact Factor
  • Zhu-Fang Cui, Yi-Lun Du, Hong-Shi Zong
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper, we use the two-flavor Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model together with the proper time regularization that has both ultraviolet and infrared cutoffs to study the chiral phase transition at finite temperature and zero chemical potential. The involved model parameters in our calculation are determined in the traditional way. Our calculations show that the dependence of the results on the choice of the parameters are really small, which can then be regarded as an advantage besides such a regularization scheme is Lorentz invariant.
    03/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: With a modified chemical potential dependent effective model for the gluon propagator, we try to locate the critical end point (CEP) of strongly interacting matter in the framework of Dyson-Schwinger equations (DSE). Beyond the chiral limit, we find that Nambu solution and Wigner solution could coexist in some area. Using the CornwallJackiw-Tomboulis (CJT) effective action, we show that these two phases are connected by a first order phase transition. We then locate CEP as the end point of the first order phase transition line. Meanwhile, based on CJT effective action, we give a direct calculation for the chiral susceptibility and thereby study the crossover.
    03/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Based on the truncated Dyson-Schwinger equations for fermion and massive boson propagators in QED$_3$, the fermion chiral condensate and the mass singularities of the fermion propagator via the Schwinger function are investigated. It is shown that the critical point of chiral phase transition is apparently different from that of deconfinement phase transition and in Nambu phase the fermion is confined only for small gauge boson mass.
    02/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: At zero temperature and density, the nature of the chiral phase transition in QED3 with NfNf massless fermion flavors is investigated. To this end, in Landau gauge, we numerically solve the coupled Dyson–Schwinger equations for the fermion and boson propagator within the bare and simplified Ball-Chiu vertices separately. It is found that, in the bare vertex approximation, the system undergoes a high-order continuous phase transition from the Nambu–Goldstone phase into the Wigner phase when the number of fermion flavors NfNf reaches the critical number Nf,cNf,c, while the system exhibits a typical characteristic of second-order phase transition for the simplified Ball-Chiu vertex.
    Annals of Physics. 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper, the momentum-resolved radio-frequency spectra of a unitary Fermi gas in the normal phase are presented and analyzed on the basis of the framework of the non-self-consistent T-matrix approximation with the extended Gorkov and Melik-Barkhudarov (GMB) approximation. We report the calculated occupied spectral intensity and energy distribution curves for different temperatures above Tc. Our results indicate the existence of pseudogap phenomenon which would be helpful for further understanding of the pseudogap in high-temperature superconductivity.
    Modern Physics Letters B 12/2013; 28(4). · 0.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper, chiral symmetry breaking and its restoration are investigated in the mean field approximation of Nambu--Jona-Lasinio model. A first-order phase transition exists at low temperature, but is smeared out at high temperature. We discuss the rationality of using susceptibilities as the criteria to determine the crossover region as well as the critical point. Based on our results, it is found that to define a critical band instead of an exclusive line in this region might be a more suitable choice.
    Physical Review D 12/2013; · 4.69 Impact Factor
  • 11/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: By employing some modification to the widely used two-flavor Polyakov-loop extended Nambu-Jona-Lasinio (PNJL) model, we discuss the Wigner solution of the quark gap equation at finite temperature and zero quark chemical potential beyond the chiral limit, and then try to explore its influences on the chiral and deconfinement phase transitions of QCD at finite temperature and zero chemical potential. The discovery of the coexistence of the Nambu and the Wigner solutions of the quark gap equation with nonzero current quark mass at zero temperature and zero chemical potential, as well as their evolutions with temperature is very interesting for the studies of the phase transitions of QCD. According to our results, the chiral phase transition might be of first order (while the deconfinement phase transition is still a crossover, as in the normal PNJL model), and the corresponding phase transition temperature is lower than that of the deconfinement phase transition, instead of coinciding with each other, which are not the same as the conclusions obtained from the normal PNJL model. In addition, we also discuss the sensibility of our final results on the choice of model parameters.
    11/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: We exploit a method introduced recently to determine parton distribution amplitudes (PDAs) from minimal information in order to obtain light-quark pseudoscalar and vector meson PDAs from the limited number of moments produced by numerical simulations of lattice-regularised QCD. Within errors, the PDAs of pseudoscalar and vector mesons constituted from the same valence quarks are identical; they are concave functions, whose dilation expresses the strength of dynamical chiral symmetry breaking; and SU(3)-flavour symmetry is broken nonperturbatively at the level of 10%. Notably, the appearance of precision in the lattice moments is misleading. The moments also exhibit material dependence on lattice volume, especially for the pion. Improvements need therefore be made before an accurate, unified picture of the light-front structure of light-quark pseudoscalar and vector mesons is revealed.
    Physics Letters B. 11/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper, taking into account the effect of the induced interaction, we calculate the spectral function and hence density of states (DOS) of ultracold Fermi gases within the framework of non-self-consistent T-matrix approximation (nTMA) in the normal phase. The corresponding equations are calculated on the real-frequency axis directly with high accuracy. Our result shows that pseudogap phenomenon still exists in the spectral function and DOS.
    Modern Physics Letters B 11/2013; 27(29):50214-. · 0.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: By employing some modification to the normal NJL model, we discuss the Wigner solution of quark gap equation at finite temperature and chemical potential when the current quark mass m is nonzero. The discovery of the coexistence of the Nambu solution and the Wigner solution at finite temperature and chemical potential beyond the chiral limit is of great importance in the study of the chiral phase transition of QCD. Using the pressure difference between Nambu phase and Wigner phase (or in other words, the bag constant) as an order parameter for chiral phase transition, we draw a possible phase diagram based on our calculations.
    European Physical Journal C 10/2013; 73(10). · 5.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the case of nonzero fermion mass, within a range of Ansatze for the full fermion-boson vertex, we show that Dyson-Schwinger equation for the fermion propagator in QED3 has two qualitatively distinct dynamical chiral symmetry breaking solutions. As the fermion mass increases and reaches to a critical value mc, one solution disappears, and the dependence of mc on the number of fermion flavors is also given.
    Journal of Modern Physics 08/2013; 4(04).
  • Liu-jun Luo, Song Shi, Hong-shi Zong
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper, we use a separable gluon propagator model to study the Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) phase transition at finite temperature and chiral chemical potential. Using this model, we calculate the quark condensate and the chiral susceptibility at finite temperature and chiral chemical potential both in the chiral limit and at finite current quark mass. Based on these, we obtain the QCD phase diagram in the μ5-T plane.
    Modern Physics Letters A 07/2013; 28(23). · 1.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We prove the validity of the Dirac conjecture generally by adding the total time derivatives of all the constraints to the Lagrangian step by step. It is worth noticing that the addition of the total time derivatives to the Lagrangian can turn up some constraints hidden in the original Lagrangian. For a constrained system, the extended Hamiltonian $H_E$ considers more constraints, and shows more symmetries than the total Hamiltonian $H_T$. In Lagrangian formalism, we reconsider the Cawley's counterexample, and offer an example in which its extended Hamiltonian is better than its total Hamiltonian in accordance with its original Lagrangian.
    06/2013;

Publication Stats

574 Citations
215.92 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1994–2014
    • Nanjing University
      • Department of Physics
      Nan-ching, Jiangsu Sheng, China
  • 2011
    • Chongqing Jiaotong University
      Ch’ung-ch’ing-shih, Chongqing Shi, China
  • 2010
    • Anhui Normal University
      Wu-hu-shih, Anhui Sheng, China
    • Government of the People's Republic of China
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2009
    • Jiangsu University
      Chenkiang, Jiangsu Sheng, China
  • 2008
    • Peking University
      • Department of Physics
      Beijing, Beijing Shi, China
  • 2006
    • Nanjing Normal University
      • Department of Physics
      Nanjing, Jiangsu Sheng, China
  • 2004
    • Sichuan University
      • Department of Physics
      Chengdu, Sichuan Sheng, China
  • 1998–2002
    • Academia Sinica
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
    • China Institute of Atomic Energy
      Peping, Beijing, China