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ABSTRACT: Epidermal inclusion cyst (EIC) is a recognized cause of an anterior neck mass in children. Controversy exists as to the proper surgical management of an anterior neck EIC: is simple excision adequate treatment, or is a Sistrunk procedure necessary? A retrospective review of the operative logs of the two senior authors (M.M.A., R.F.W.) from 1993 to the present revealed 16 children, ages 6 months to 9 years (mean, 4.5 years), with a diagnosis of anterior neck EIC. An accurate intraoperative diagnosis of an EIC in all cases allowed for a simple excision of the mass rather than a Sistrunk procedure. The final histologic diagnosis was EIC in all 16 patients. Follow-up of these 16 patients for a mean of 4.5 years revealed no recurrences or complications. When the diagnosis of EIC can be made confidently in the operating room, simple excision is an adequate surgical treatment.
The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 05/2001; 110(4):340-4. · 1.21 Impact Factor