Li Pan

Rice University, Houston, Texas, United States

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Publications (4)21.56 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: ChemInform is a weekly Abstracting Service, delivering concise information at a glance that was extracted from about 100 leading journals. To access a ChemInform Abstract of an article which was published elsewhere, please select a “Full Text” option. The original article is trackable via the “References” option.
    ChemInform 05/2010; 31(21). DOI:10.1002/chin.200021072
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    ABSTRACT: Four tert-butylazocumenes (4-7) were prepared from the corresponding cyanobenzenes, and their nitrogen evolution kinetics and products were analyzed. In combination with TEMPO, the simplest compound, tert-butylazocumene (4), shows promise as a "one-radical" initiator of styrene polymerization. The ABNO-trapped cumyl radical 29 is a particularly stable trialkylhydroxylamine, whose thermolysis half-life is 2.1 h at 150 degrees C. Taking advantage of this stability, we trapped the cumyl radical centers from 7 to afford tris adduct 32a. While the behavior of the meta bisazoalkane 6 can be mostly predicted from that of 4, the para isomer 5 exhibits both unusual products and kinetics, attributed to the formation of quinodimethane 33 via azo-containing radical 34. In fact, flash vacuum pyrolysis of 5 allowed observation of the (1)H and (13)C NMR spectra of 33, whose persistence even at ambient temperature showed that this quinodimethane is far more stable than the parent 36. Finally, evidence is presented that 7 is an initiator of star polymerization.
    Journal of the American Chemical Society 05/2001; 123(16):3706-15. DOI:10.1021/ja003914u · 12.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An aliphatic azo compound containing three azo groups (1) has been prepared by IF(5) oxidation of beta-azoamine 3. The thermolysis kinetics of this vicinal trisazoalkane were investigated above 155 degrees C, leading to a rate constant only 5.5 times faster than that of the simple model, azo-tert-butane. Because thermolysis to form seven stable products proceeds stepwise, the rate is hardly affected by the high exothermicity of the overall reaction (-93.4 kcal/mol). Oxidation of amine 3 also afforded a cyclic azimine 5 that underwent photolysis to yield a highly strained triaziridine 9 plus an unusual triazane 10, whose structures were elucidated by detailed NMR studies. On standing at ambient temperature, 9 reverted to 5 with a half-life of about an hour.
    The Journal of Organic Chemistry 03/2000; 65(4):1016-21. DOI:10.1021/jo991439g · 4.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A series of nitrogen-containing 2-aryl-3,3-dimethylmethylenecyclopropanes have been prepared and rearrangement rates to the corresponding 2-arylisopropylidenecyclopropanes have been measured. These rates are dependent on the nature of the nitrogen-containing group in the para-position of the aryl group. Rearrangement rates have been used to calculate sigma (*) values, which are a measure of the radical stabilizing ability of the substituent. Groups such as p-N=N-Bu-t, p-CH=N-Bu-t, p-NH(2), p-CH=N-OH, and p-CH=N-OCH(3), are "good" radical stabilizers. We have also classified groups such as p-CH=N-NMe(2), p-N=N-Ph, p-N=N(O)-Bu-t, p-CH=N(O)-Bu-t, and p-CH=N-O(-) M(+), which have an extraordinarily large radical stabilizing effect, as "Super Stabilizers". These substituents stabilize the transition state of the methylenecyclopropane rearrangement by extensive spin delocalization. In the case of the latter three substituents, nitroxyl type stabilization is proposed. Density functional calculations (B3LYP/6-31G) have been carried out on a series of nitrogen-containing substituted benzylic radicals. Rates of the methylenecyclopropane rearrangement correlate with radical stabilization energies (DeltaE) determined from an isodesmic reaction of substituted benzylic radicals with toluene. These calculations confirm substantial spin delocalization onto the nitrogen-containing substituents on the para-position of the benzylic radical.
    The Journal of Organic Chemistry 08/1999; 64(15):5634-5643. DOI:10.1021/jo990732d · 4.72 Impact Factor