[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Syntheses of the three key building blocks (65, 98, and 100) required for the total synthesis of the proposed structure of azaspiracid-1 (1a) are described. Key steps include a TMSOTf-induced ring-closing cascade to form the ABC rings of tetracycle 65, a neodymium-catalyzed internal aminal formation for the construction of intermediate 98, and a Nozaki-Hiyama-Kishi coupling to assemble the required carbon chain of fragment 100. The synthesized fragments, obtained stereoselectively in both their enantiomeric forms, were expected to allow for the construction of all four stereoisomers proposed as possible structures of azaspiracid-1 (1a-d), thus allowing the determination of both the relative and absolute stereochemistry of the natural product.
Journal of the American Chemical Society 03/2006; 128(7):2244-57. · 10.68 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The key building blocks (6, 7, and 8) for the intended construction of the originally proposed structures of azaspiracid-1, a potent marine-derived neurotoxin, were coupled and the products elaborated to the targeted compounds (1a,b) and their C-20 epimers (2 and 3). The assembly of the three intermediates was accomplished by a dithiane-based coupling reaction that united the C(1)-C(20) (7) and C(21)-C(27) (8) fragments, followed by a Stille-type coupling which allowed the incorporation of the C(28)-C(40) fragment (6) into the growing substrate. Neither of the final products (1a,b) matched the natural substance by TLC or (1)H NMR spectroscopic analysis, suggesting one or more errors in the originally proposed structure for this notorious biotoxin.
Journal of the American Chemical Society 03/2006; 128(7):2258-67. · 10.68 Impact Factor