Fabiana Rocha

University of São Paulo, San Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

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Publications (7)0.45 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this article is to investigate the impact of primary health care policies on infant morbidity and mortality, by using as health indicators the number of infant hospitalizations and infant mortality rates, respectively, in Brazilian cities. Our sample comprises towns and cities in the South-East of the country, where there is some controversy about the impact of the Family Health Program on mortality for the 1999–2003 period. We found that the preventive health care model did achieve its goal of reducing hospitalizations and mortality rates in municipalities without hospitals, and to some extent, achieved its goal in municipalities with hospitals.
    Applied Economics Letters 07/2013; 20(11). DOI:10.1080/13504851.2013.774456 · 0.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this article is to evaluate whether there is an association between decentralization and corruption. In order to do so we analyse Brazilian health-care programmes that are run locally. To construct objective measures of corruption, we use the information from the reports of the auditing programme of the local governments of Brazil. Results point that there is no relationship between decentralization and corruption, whatever the measure of decentralization used.
    Applied Economics Letters 12/2012; 19(18):1885-1888. DOI:10.1080/13504851.2012.671918 · 0.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this article is to assess the degree of productive efficiency of public sector hospitals in 366 municipalities of the state in São Paulo between the years 1998 and 2003. In2003. In order to do so we use the stochastic frontier of production approach. The model is estimated using the flexible form of Fourier and uses the complement of the rate of hospital mortality as output and public spending with professionals and the number of beds per municipality as inputs. The results suggest that the most efficient municipalities are those that hire more beds in private hospitals, the ones which perform the highest number of admissions (economies of scale effect), the ones with smaller population (congestion effect), and the ones which show lower average time of hospitalization.
    Economia Aplicada 01/2010; 14(1). DOI:10.1590/S1413-80502010000100004
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    Fernando Slaibe Postali, Fabiana Rocha
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    ABSTRACT: In 1997, Brazil approved a new law establishing the regulatory framework of oil and gas industry. One of the most important changes was the distribution of petroleum rents to states and Municipalities. The volume received by each municipality varies considerably, since it depends on a range of criteria that measure the impact of upstream activities on the specific municipality as well as the number of productive wells next to it. This paper aims at evaluating whether municipalities eligible to receive royalties exhibited a lower fiscal effort than the non-eligible ones. We use the local collection of Urban Property Tax (IPTU) as a measure of fiscal effort, after controlling for fiscal capacity of each municipality. We also assess whether municipalities are obeying requirements of spending oil rents, by measuring the impact of such rents on specific items of the budget, like personal, health, education and investment expenses. The data set comprehends about 4000 municipalities observed during seven years (from 1999 to 2005). We used the Arellano-Bond GMM estimator in a dynamic panel with fixed effects. Results allow concluding that windfall oil rents in fact reduces fiscal effort and increases the allocation of budgetary resources on investment, but the share of budget allocated on health, education, energy and housing expenses did not changed as consequence of oil royalties.
    SSRN Electronic Journal 08/2009; DOI:10.2139/ssrn.1458085
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    Fabiana Rocha, Igor Viveiros Souza
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this paper is to propose an alternative methodology to that presented by CMED Resolution, in order to calculated the productivity of the pharmaceutical industry during the period 2000-2006. We use Malmquist total productivity factor (TPF) index proposed by Caves, Christensen, and Diwert (1982). In order to calculate the index we apply the stochastic frontier method of Battese and Coelli (1995). This method allows to split the TFP into variation in the technical efficiency (use of the best technology available) and technological variation (changes in the production frontier itself). We use a unique data set obtained by FIPE through the application of a questionnaire among the firms of the pharmaceutical industry. The results indicate a decrease in productivity in 2005 and 2006 in opposition to the gains established by the government.
    02/2007; 1(2).
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    Fernando Postali, Fabiana Rocha
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this article is to verify if taxes and transfers serve as a regional insurance scheme in Brazil. These automatic stabilizers would redistribute resources from regions experiencing increases in income to regions experiencing income falls. They would provide, therefore, a form of insurance against income fluctuations, which might be important if individuals' access to financial markets is more limited, or costly, than the government's. For the period 1994-1999 we conclude, using data from the 26 States plus the Distrito Federal, that taxes and transfers mitigate the effects of regional income shocks. A 1% increase in a State's per capita income implies a 1.6% increase in federal taxes, on average. On the other hand, a 1% increase in a State's per capita income triggers a 0.86% decrease in transfers, on average. However, it is important to observe that the system absorbs most effectively the shocks on the richest States, especially the Distrito Federal.
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