ABSTRACT: We describe a 36-year-old man who presented with hypocomplementemic urticarial vasculitis syndrome (HUVS) with severe renal involvement. Despite steroid therapy, the patient developed end-stage renal disease (ESRD) leading to chronic hemodialysis therapy. Renal transplantation was performed after hemodialysis therapy (secondary), and the patient developed a typical HUVS relapse 9 months after transplantation despite conventional immunosuppressive therapy that was successfully treated with plasma exchange. This case shows for the first time that HUVS can induce severe renal involvement responsible for ESRD and that HUVS can relapse after renal transplantation. It also suggests that plasma exchange therapy may be of value for rapidly controlling the clinical symptoms.
American Journal of Kidney Diseases 02/2001; 37(1):144-148. · 5.43 Impact Factor