[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Indices to measure deprivation at a small-area level have been used in the United Kingdom to target regeneration policy for over thirty years. The development of the Indices of Deprivation 2000 for England and comparable indices for Northern Ireland, Wales, and Scotland, involved a fundamental reappraisal and reconceptualisation of small-area level multiple deprivation and its measurement. Multiple deprivation is articulated as an accumulation of discrete dimensions or ‘domains’ of deprivation. This paper presents the key principles that were taken into consideration when constructing these four indices and the more recent English Indices of Deprivation 2004, and provides an account of the statistical techniques that were used to operationalise them.
Environment and Planning A. 02/2006; 38(1):169-185.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Anecdote is the singular of data Danny Dorling
Do we care about area effects? George Smith, Michael Noble, Gemma Wright
Evidence-based policy and practice Roger Burrows, Jonathan Bradshaw
Is there a place for area-based initiatives? Heather Joshi
On reinvented wheels Charles Pattie
Multilevel modeling might not be the answer Richard Mitchell
Unemployment, nonemployment, and labour-market disadvantage Anne E Green
Reply: Ward-level deprivation and individual social and economic outcomes in the British Household Panel Study Andrew McCulloch
Environment and Planning A. 01/2001; 33(8):1335-1369.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This article briefly reviews American and British literature on welfare dynamics and examines the concepts of welfare dependency and with particular reference to lone parents. Using UK benefit data sets, the welfare dynamics of lone mothers are examined to explore the extent to which they inform the debates. Evidence from Housing Benefits data show that even over a relatively short time period, there is significant turnover in the benefits-dependent lone parent population with movement in and out of income support as well as movement into other family structures. Younger lone parents and owner-occupiers tend to leave the data set while older lone parents and council tenants are most likely to stay. Some owner-occupier lone parents may be relatively well off and on income support for a relatively short time between separation and a financial settlement being reached. They may also represent a more highly educated and highly skilled group with easier access to the labour market than renters. Any policy moves paralleling those in the United States to time limit benefit will disproportionately affect older lone parents.
Journal of Social Policy 07/1998; 27(03). · 1.11 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This article briefly reviews the development of area measures of deprivation. It examines the construction of indices of deprivation and the uses to which such indices are put, particularly in respect of resource allocation. Previous attempts to develop indices have been based on a priori definitions of deprivation (eg the Department of the Environment's z score and its successor, the 1991 Deprivation Index) and have lacked an empirical base. The inherent difficulties in validation of such indices are briefly rehearsed and the article presents work in progress on an index which predicts dependency on income support. The index is based on weighted Census of Population variables and is constructed using multiple regression techniques. We present the findings and two validation procedures.