Enio Marchezan

Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria da Boca do Monte, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

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Publications (72)21.55 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Effects of carbofuran commercial formulation on oxidative stress parameters were studied in carps (Cyprinus carpio) exposed to 50 µg/L for 7 and 30 days under rice field and laboratory conditions. Thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) levels were increased in the brain of fish after 7 and 30 days under rice field and laboratory conditions. In the liver and muscle, TBARS levels increased after 7 and 30 days under laboratory conditions, whereas in rice field the levels increased only after 30 days. Protein carbonyl content in the liver increased after 7 and 30 days under both experimental conditions. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity was decreased in the brain and muscle after 7 and 30 days under both experimental conditions evaluated. The superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity increased in the liver after 7 and 30 days under rice field condition, whereas under laboratory condition this enzyme increased only after 30 days. The catalase (CAT) activity in the liver decreased after 30 days under rice field condition, whereas no changes were observed under laboratory conditions. In rice field, glutathione S-transferase (GST) decreased after 7 days but increased after 30 days, whereas no change was observed in fish exposed to carbofuran under laboratory conditions. These results suggest that environmental relevant carbofuran concentrations may cause oxidative stress, affecting biochemical and enzymatic parameters on carps. Some parameters could be used as biomarkers to carbofuran exposure.
    Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 01/2014; 101:77–82. · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Imidazolinone herbicides, such as imazethapyr and imazapic, may persist in the soil and carryover to non-tolerant crops. This work aimed at evaluating the field carryover of the formulated mixture of imazethapyr+imazapic affecting ryegrass. For this reason, a field experiment was carried out, in which different rates of the formulated mixture of imazethapyr and imazapic were applied on a tolerant rice cultivar (';IRGA 422 CL';): 0L ha-1 (check plot); 0.7L ha-1 preemergence (PRE) followed by 0.7L ha-1 postemergence (POS); 1.0L ha-1 PRE; 1.0L ha-1 POS. Later, 194 days after herbicide application, intact soils cores samples were collected at 0 to 10cm depth to carry out a bioassay in greenhouse, sowing ryegrass. It was evaluated the percentage of plants established at three and 22 DAE (days after emergence) and ryegrass dry biomass at 40 DAE. The results showed that herbicides applied on rice crop during summer does not cause damage to the ryegrass sowed 194 days after herbicide application.
    Ciência Rural 09/2008; 38(6):1754-1757. · 0.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Due to the importance of rice in the diet, its composition and nutritional characteristics are related to human's health. This cereal is a source of energy, due to its high starch content, also providing proteins, lipids, vitamins and minerals. The present review aimed at examining rice composition, its nutritional characteristics, and the improvement of these characteristics through genetic modification. Variations in rice composition are observed due to genotype and processing, affecting nutritional characteristics. Rice has a positive effect on the prevention of several chronic diseases due to different constituents, and its composition has been improved through genetic modifications, resulting in grains with more interesting nutritional characteristics.
    Ciência Rural 08/2008; 38(4):1184-1192. · 0.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Herbicidas do grupo das imidazolinonas, como imazethapyr e imazapic, podem persistir no solo e afetar culturas não-tolerantes cultivadas em sucessão. O objetivo do trabalho foi avaliar o efeito residual da mistura formulada de imazethapyr+imazapic sobre azevém semeado e conduzido sob condições de casa de vegetação. Para isso, inicialmente foi conduzido um experimento em campo, em que aplicou-se sobre a cultivar tolerante de arroz ("IRGA 422 CL") diferentes doses da mistura formulada de imazethapyr+imazapic, representadas por: 0L ha-1 (testemunha); 0,7L ha-1 em pré-emergência (PRE) seguido da aplicação de 0,7L ha-1 em pós-emergência (POS); 1,0L ha-1 em PRE; e 1,0L ha-1 em POS. Posteriormente, aos 194 dias após a aplicação das doses, foram coletadas amostras intactas de solo na camada de 0-10cm, as quais foram utilizadas na condução de um bioensaio com azevém. Foram avaliadas a porcentagem de plantas emergidas aos três e 22 DAE (dias após a emergência) e a matéria seca do azevém aos 40 DAE. Verificou-se que a aplicação dos herbicidas na cultura do arroz no verão não ocasiona danos ao azevém semeado 194 dias após a aplicação do produto.
    Ciencia rural, ISSN 0103-8478, Vol. 38, Nº. 6, 2008, pags. 1754-1757. 01/2008;
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    ABSTRACT: Devido à importância do arroz na dieta, sua composição e suas características nutricionais estão diretamente relacionadas à saúde da população. Este cereal constitui-se em fonte de energia, devido ao alto teor de amido, fornecendo também proteínas, lipídios, vitaminas e minerais. O presente trabalho de revisão objetivou examinar a composição do arroz, suas características nutricionais e o melhoramento destas através da genética. São observadas variações na composição do arroz, tanto devido ao genótipo quanto ao processamento, afetando as características nutricionais. O arroz apresenta efeito positivo na prevenção de diversas doenças crônicas devido a diferentes constituintes, e sua composição vem sendo melhorada através da genética, obtendo-se grãos com características nutricionais mais interessantes.
    Ciencia rural, ISSN 0103-8478, Vol. 38, Nº. 4, 2008, pags. 1184-1192. 01/2008;
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    ABSTRACT: This study was aimed at evaluating the effect of plant densities, nitrogen rates and foliar diseases control on the physical, physiological and sanitary qualities of rice seeds. The experiment was conducted during 2003/2004 growing seasons in Santa Maria-RS, Brazil. The treatments were: three plant densities (150, 260 and 380 plants m-2), five nitrogen rates (0, 40, 80, 120 and 160kg ha-1), and control or no control of foliage diseases. The nitrogen fertilizer was top-dressed, and split in two times. There was no triple interaction among the parameters evaluated. Increasing nitrogen rates resulted in higher seed protein content. The chemical control of diseases contributed for better physiological and sanitary qualities such as better germination and vigor and lower incidence of pathogens associated with seeds.
    Ciência Rural 08/2007; 37(4):936-941. · 0.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Effects of different herbicides on acetylcholinesterase (AChE), catalase and TBARS formation in teleost fish (Leporinus obtusidens) were studied. Fish were exposed during 30 days at concentrations of herbicides used in rice field. AChE activity in the brain decreased significantly after exposure to the herbicides clomazone and quinclorac. However, AChE activity increased significantly in muscle tissue after exposure to clomazone, propanil and metsulfuron methyl. Fish exposed to quinclorac, propanil and metsulfuron methyl showed TBARS decreased levels in brain and muscle tissues. However, TBARS and catalase activity increased in liver tissue after clomazone and propanil exposure. This study pointed out long-term effects on AChE activity, oxidative stress and antioxidant enzyme catalase in tissues of L. obtusidens after exposure to environmentally relevant concentrations of rice field herbicides. These parameters have been used to monitor fish toxicity in rice field system.
    Chemosphere 08/2007; 68(8):1597-601. · 3.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A field experiment was aimed at evaluating the effects of plant densities, nitrogen rates and chemical disease control on agronomic characteristics that affect grain yield of irrigated rice. The study was conducted during 2003/2004, in the Departamento de Fitotecnia of Universidade Federal de Santa Maria. The experiment was arranged in randomized blocks with sub-plots and four replicates, in Santa Maria-RS, Brazil and the treatments were: three plant densities (150, 260 and 380plants m-2), five nitrogen rates (0, 40, 80, 120 and 160kg ha-1) with and without chemical foliar disease control. The nitrogen was dressing was twice split at initial tillering and panicle differentiation. Grain yield increased in a quadratic fashion in response to nitrogen rates to up to 97kg ha-1. The use of fungicides to control foliar diseases resulted in higher grain yelds regardless of plant population or nitrogen fertilizer rates. Irrigated rice can compensate yield components between 150 and 380plants m-2. The most efficient rate of nitrogen was 97kg ha-1. Chemical foliar diseases control increases irrigated rice productivity even at low disease incidence.
    Ciência Rural 04/2007; 37(2):330-336. · 0.38 Impact Factor
  • Ciência Rural 01/2007; 37:45 - 50. · 0.38 Impact Factor
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    Ciencia Rural - CIENC RURAL. 01/2007; 37(1).
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    Bragantia 01/2007; 66(2).
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    ABSTRACT: In pregerminated rice system, initial water drainage promotes nutrient losses, depending on fertilizer management, leading to environmental problems. During the 2000/01 and 2003/04 growing seasons experiments were conducted at Universidade Federal de Santa Maria aiming to evaluate the effect of phosphorus and potassium fertilizer application methods on nutrient losses and pregerminated rice grain yield. The treatments were seven phosphorus and potassium fertilization methods combining application time and incorporated or not incorporated. Phosphorus and nitrogen concentration measured at initial water drainage were not affected by time or method of fertilizer application. The average of phosphorus and nitrogen were 0.07 and 0.81 mg L-1 respectively. However, less potassium runoff was verified in the treatments where the fertilizer was applied 10 and 30 days after sowing as well as on the check treatment. The treatments tested did not affect the rice agronomic traits. Rice yield was not affected by the phosphorus and potassium fertilization timing and method of application, but when the permanent flooding is not kept on the phosphorus and potassium application need to be done after the initial drainage to reduce potassium losses.
    Bragantia 12/2006; 66(2):219-226.
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    ABSTRACT: After several decades searching for tools to control red rice, imidazolinone tolerant rice was developed to selectively control red rice. To better understand this technology An experiment was conducted in 2004/2005, in Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil to evaluate: 1) red rice control by imidazolinone herbicides in Clearfield™ rice; 2) evaluate the imidazolinone herbicide carryover effect on rygrass and non-tolerant rice (IRGA 417) and 3) evaluate the outcrossing rates between Clearfield rice and red rice. The experimental design was a randomized block design, with 3 treatments and 12 replications. To determine the outcrossing rates between Clearfield rice and red rice, virtually all the red rice panicle was collected and analyzed in the area. The carryover effect was tested using ryegrass and a non-tolerant rice cultivar (IRGA 417). The herbicides tested controlled red rice. Although injury to Clearfield rice was observed, the herbicide did not affect yield. Herbicide carry-over to non-tolerant rice was observed, reducing plant stand on rice seeded 361 days after herbicide application. Natural out-crossing occurred between Clearfield rice and red rice, at rates of 0.065%.
    Planta Daninha 12/2006; 24(4):761-768.
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    Planta Daninha 09/2006; 24(3):549-555.
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    ABSTRACT: The experiment was carried out in a leveled lowland area cultivated with Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.). The objective was to compare the effect of nitrogen (N) and different energy supplementation levels on the following parameters: herbage quality, herbage yield, and animal production. The treatments were: 300N + 0.8S - Italian ryegrass pasture plus 300 kg.ha-1 of N and supplementation with ground corn (0.8% LW/day), 200N + 0.4S - Italian ryegrass pasture plus 200 kg.ha-1 of N and supplementation with ground corn (0.4% LW/day) and 100N - Italian ryegrass pasture plus 100 kg.ha-1 of N without supplementation. Beef steers averaging eight to ten months old were used in the beginning of the experiment and allotted to continuous stocking with fixed stocking rate. Crude protein concentration, in vitro organic matter digestibility and forage on offer were greater in the beginning of the grazing period. Difference among treatments was observed only for forage on offer. Nitrogen levels, associated to different energy supplementation levels, did not affect average daily live weight gain, but resulted in greater stocking rate and, consequently, higher live weight gain/ha.
    Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 06/2006; 35(3):1107-1113. · 0.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Looking for crop alternatives management for irrigated rice possible, different systems of ryegrass straw management and aplication of fertilizers were evaluated, in relation to nutrient concentration in the solution were at there places. The experiment was conducted at the Federal University of Santa Maria, located in Central Depression Region of Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil in the agricultural year of 2000/01. The experiment was in a randomized block with four replications, in split-split-plots design with three factors: ryegrass straw in three levels (i) no-tillage with ryegrass whole plant, (ii) ryegrass plant incorporated in soil and (iii) without ryegrass plant; time of fertilizers nitrogen and phosphorus application for rice (i) without fertilizer, (ii) fertilizer applied at the ryegrass sowing time and (iii) fertilizer applied at rice planting; and three places of sampling (i) surface water (ii) 3 cm depth and (iii) 30 cm depth in mini lysimeters. The results showed that ryegrass straw incorporation increases the potassium concentration in the water over the soil surface and contributes to percolation of calcium, magnesium, sodium, manganese and zinc in the soil profile. The concentration of there ions and potassium in the stagnant rice water remained below the established critical limits of environmental contamination stated by low.
    Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental 06/2006; 10(2):344-351. · 0.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This work was developed aiming to determine the quantity of fish and the time of entry of fingerlings in areas that provide the best productivities in the combination of irrigate rice and fish. The experiments were carried out on growing seasons 2001/02 and 2002/03, in the experimental design of randomized complete block with three replications, in trifactorial scheme (year x quantity x time), with three quantities of fish: D0= without fingerlings, D1=3000 fingerlings ha-1 and D2=6000 fingerlings ha-1 and three times of entry of fish: E1= seeding, E2= 20 days after seeding and E3= after harvest. The species utilized were: common, grass, silver, big head carps and silver catfish, in rates of 60, 20, 5, 5 and 10%, respectively. Rice in pre-germinate system and IRGA 419 cultivar, was utilized with the quantity of 120kg ha-1 of seeds. The productivity of grains in this experiment was 6372kg ha-1, and it was not affected by the presence of fishes. The productivity of fishes was not influenced by the quantities neither by the times of entry of fingerlings in the area, with a production of 404kg ha-1 of fishes. It was possible to verify that the greatest taxes of survival occurred when the entry of fishes was after harvest.
    Ciência Rural 04/2006; 36(2):411-417. · 0.38 Impact Factor
  • Revista Brasileira De Zootecnia-brazilian Journal of Animal Science - REV BRAS ZOOTECN. 01/2006; 35(3).
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    ABSTRACT: Este trabalho foi conduzido com objetivo de determinar a densidade de povoamento de peixes e a época de colocação dos alevinos na área que proporcionam as melhores produções no consórcio arroz irrigado e peixes. Os experimentos foram realizados nas safras agrícolas de 2001/02 e 2002/03, no delineamento experimental blocos ao acaso com três repetições, em esquema trifatorial (Ano x Densidade x Época), com três densidades de povoamento: D0= sem alevinos, D1=3000 alevinos ha-1 e D2=6000 alevinos ha-1 e três épocas de colocação dos peixes: E1=na semeadura; E2=20 dias após semeadura; E3= após colheita. As espécies de peixes utilizadas foram: carpa húngara, capim, prateada, cabeça grande e jundiá, na proporção de 60, 20, 5, 5 e 10%, respectivamente. A semeadura foi realizada no sistema pré-germinado utilizando-se a cultivar IRGA 419 na densidade de 120kg ha-1 de sementes. A produção média de grãos de arroz do experimento foi de 6372kg ha-1, não sendo afetada pela presença de peixes. A produção de peixes não foi influenciada pelas densidades e nem pelas épocas de colocação dos alevinos na área, com uma produção média de 404kg ha-1 de peixes, verificando-se maior taxa de sobrevivência quando os peixes foram colocados após a colheita do arroz.
    Ciência Rural. 01/2006;
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    ABSTRACT: RESUMO. Três hectares de várzea, situados no Campus da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Estado do Rio Grande do Sul (Brasil), foram cultivados com Lolium multiflorum Lam. e com Trifolium repens L., para avaliar a produção animal em um projeto de integração lavoura de arroz/pecuária. O objetivo deste trabalho foi acompanhar a dinâmica da composição botânica da dieta selecionada por bovinos, sob o efeito dos tratamentos doses de N associadas a níveis de suplementação energética. A composição botânica da dieta foi determinada pelo método de análise microhistológica de fezes, por meio da diferenciação da epiderme foliar de L. multiflorum Lam., T. repens L., Paspalum urvillei Steud., Setaria geniculata (Lam.) Beauv. e Echinochloa spp., no inverno, primavera e verão de 2000. Os resultados na dieta foram comparados através de testes de aleatorização. A composição da dieta variou com os períodos de amostragem (P=0,04), mas não houve efeito dos tratamentos sobre a seleção (P=0,91). Palavras-chave: dieta animal, pastejo seletivo, várzeas, Lolium multiflorum Lam.,Trifolium repens L. ABSTRACT. Dynamic of the botanical composition of the diet selected by cattle grazing on a lowland cultivated pasture. Three lowland areas located at the Federal University of Santa Maria (Rio Grande do Sul State -Brazil) were cultivated with Lolium multiflorum Lam, and Trifolium repens L. in order to evaluate the animal productivity in an integrated project with rice and cattle-breeding production system. A more specific objective of this paper was to study the dynamics of the botanical composition of the selected diet as affected by treatments: N fertilizer rates associated with energetic supplement. The botanical composition of the diet was determined by microhistological analysis of feces through foliar epidermis differentiation of Lolium multiflorum Lam., Trifolium repens L., Paspalum urvillei Steud., Setaria geniculata (Lam.) Beauv. and Echinochloa spp. during winter, spring and summer, 2000. The diet results were compared through random test. There was a significant effect of sampling times on diet selection (P=0.04), but the treatments did not affect the botanical composition of the selected diet (P=0.91).
    Acta Scientiarum Animal Sciences 01/2006; 28(3).