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Publications (4)5.52 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: A comparison of the 2MASS flux dipole to the CMB dipole can serve as a method to constrain a combination of the cosmological parameter Omega_m and the luminosity bias of the 2MASS survey. For this constraint to be as tight as possible, it is necessary to maximize the correlation between the two dipoles. This can be achieved by optimizing the survey window through which the flux dipole is measured. Here we explicitly construct such a window for the 2MASS survey. The optimization in essence reduces to excluding from the calculation of the flux dipole galaxies brighter than some limiting magnitude K_min of the near-infrared K_s band. This exclusion mitigates nonlinear effects and shot noise from small scales, which decorrelate the 2MASS dipole from the CMB dipole. Under the assumption of negligible shot noise we find that the optimal value of K_min is about five. Inclusion of shot noise shifts the optimal K_min to larger values. We present an analytical formula for shot noise for the 2MASS flux dipole, to be used in follow-up work with 2MASS data. The misalignment angle between the two dipoles is a sensitive measure of their correlation: the higher the correlation, the smaller the expectation value of the angle. A minimum of the misalignment is thus a sign of the optimal gravity window. We model analytically the distribution function for the misalignment angle and show that the misalignment estimated by Maller et al. is consistent with the assumed underlying model (though it is greater than the expectation value). We predict with about 90% confidence that the misalignment will decrease if 2MASS galaxies brighter than K_min = 5 mag are excluded from the calculation of the flux dipole. This prediction has been indirectly confirmed by the results of Erdogdu et al. (ABRIDGED) Comment: 14 pages, 3 figures. Significantly expanded version, with added sections on shot noise and likelihood for beta, as well as an appendix with a derivation of the distribution for the misalignment angle relaxing the small-angle assumption
    Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 06/2007; · 5.52 Impact Factor
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    Michal Chodorowski, Pawel Ciecielag
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    ABSTRACT: We reexamine likelihood analyses of the Local Group (LG) acceleration, paying particular attention to nonlinear effects. Under the approximation that the joint distribution of the LG acceleration and velocity is Gaussian, two quantities describing nonlinear effects enter these analyses. The first one is the coherence function, i.e. the cross-correlation coefficient of the Fourier modes of gravity and velocity fields. The second one is the ratio of velocity power spectrum to gravity power spectrum. To date, in all analyses of the LG acceleration the second quantity was not accounted for. Extending our previous work, we study both the coherence function and the ratio of the power spectra. With the aid of numerical simulations we obtain expressions for the two as functions of wavevector and sigma_8. Adopting WMAP's best determination of sigma_8, we estimate the most likely value of the parameter beta and its errors. As the observed values of the LG velocity and gravity, we adopt respectively a CMB-based estimate of the LG velocity, and Schmoldt et al.'s (1999) estimate of the LG acceleration from the PSCz catalog. We obtain beta = 0.66^{+0.21}_{-0.07}; thus our errorbars are significantly smaller than those of Schmoldt et al. This is not surprising, because the coherence function they used greatly overestimates actual decoherence between nonlinear gravity and velocity.
    12/2003;
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    Michal Chodorowski, Pawel Ciecielag
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    ABSTRACT: In maximum-likelihood analyses of the Local Group (LG) acceleration, the object describing nonlinear effects is the coherence function (CF), i.e. the cross-correlation coefficient of the Fourier modes of the velocity and gravity fields. We study the CF both analytically, using perturbation theory, and numerically, using a hydrodynamic code. The dependence of the function on Omega_m and the shape of the power spectrum is very weak. The only cosmological parameter that the CF is strongly sensitive to is the normalization sigma_8 of the underlying density field. Perturbative approximation for the function turns out to be accurate as long as sigma_8 is smaller than about 0.3. For higher normalizations we provide an analytical fit for the CF as a function of sigma_8 and the wavevector. The characteristic decoherence scale which our formula predicts is an order of magnitude smaller than that determined by Strauss et al. This implies that present likelihood constraints on cosmological parameters from analyses of the LG acceleration are significantly tighter than hitherto reported.
    03/2002;
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    Michal Chodorowski, Pawel Ciecielag
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    ABSTRACT: In maximum-likelihood analyses of the Local Group (LG) acceleration, the object describing nonlinear effects is the coherence function (CF), i.e. the cross-correlation coefficient of the Fourier modes of the velocity and gravity fields. We study the CF both analytically, using perturbation theory, and numerically, using a hydrodynamic code. The dependence of the function on Omega_m and the shape of the power spectrum is very weak. The only cosmological parameter that the CF is strongly sensitive to is the normalization sigma_8 of the underlying density field. Perturbative approximation for the function turns out to be accurate as long as sigma_8 is smaller than about 0.3. For higher normalizations we provide an analytical fit for the CF as a function of sigma_8 and the wavevector. The characteristic decoherence scale which our formula predicts is an order of magnitude smaller than that determined by Strauss et al. This implies that present likelihood constraints on cosmological parameters from analyses of the LG acceleration are significantly tighter than hitherto reported. Comment: 9 pages, 8 figures, uses mn2e.cls; a revised version, accepted in MNRAS
    09/2001;