Dariusz Kosson

Polish Academy of Sciences, Warszawa, Masovian Voivodeship, Poland

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Publications (5)8.84 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Biphalin is an opioid peptide analogue that currently is under clinical development as a new type of site-directed analgesic. In rats, the intrathecal (i.t.) analgesic potency of biphalin is 1000-fold greater than morphine. Such a high activity may reflect this compound's activation of three types of opioid receptors (mu, delta and kappa). NMDA receptors also play an important role in nociceptive processing. Therefore, we investigated in rats whether an NMDA antagonist may influence biphalin-induced antinociception. In the present study, ketamine was chosen because of the widespread safe use of this drug in clinical practice. I.t. application of ketamine alone had relatively little analgesic effect and its excitatory effects limited possible doses of the drug. Co-administration of ketamine with biphalin or morphine produced markedly greater antinociception than biphalin or morphine alone in acute, thermal tail flick testing. These results suggest that NMDA antagonists may be useful potentiators of biphalin analgesia. Thus, to obtain the same spinal antinociceptive effect, lower doses of biphalin or morphine are required when ketamine is co-administered.
    European journal of pain (London, England) 08/2008; 12(5):611-6. · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    Pure and Applied Chemistry - PURE APPL CHEM. 01/2004; 76(5):941-950.
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies of structure-activity of biphalin defined fragments which expressed the full biological potency of the parent compound. The most simple fragment was Tyr-D-Ala-Gly-Phe-NH-NH<--X, where X=Phe, but it also could be other hydrophobic amino acids. This paper presents data that replacement of the phenylalanine with a dansyl (X=DNS) groups gives an analogue (AA2016) that fully preserves the high affinity of the initial analogue for both mu and delta opioid receptors. In the tail flick test in rats, intrathecal injection of the compound produces strong antinociception, comparable to the parent biphalin. Because AA2016 contains a strong fluorescent group, it can be a very useful tool for prospective studies in vivo, including biological barrier permeability, tissue distribution, metabolism and receptor-ligand complex formation.
    Life Sciences 01/2002; 70(8):893-7. · 2.56 Impact Factor
  • Transplantation Proceedings 10/2000; 32(6):1395-6. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The opioid peptide dimmer biphalin [(Tyr-D-Ala-Gly-Phe-NH-)(2)] has high potency both in vivo and in vitro. Its antinociceptive activity depends on the route of administration: the lowest potency is after subcutaneous, and the highest after intrathecal or inracerebroventricular administration. We tested the analgesic activity of biphalin in a wide range of doses after intrathecal administration to rats. Doses as low as 0.005 nmol produced significant analgesia. Increasing the dose up to 2 nmol elevated and prolonged antinociception without any evident side effects, indicating that biphalin is an extremely potent opioid after intrathecal application with a wide therapeutic window. The highest dose tested (20 nmol) produced full analgesia and body rigidity lasting 2-3 h. After muscle tone returned to normal, antinociception lasted for several more hours. During these studies we observed a correlation between responses to biphalin and catheter placement. Postmortem verification of catheter placement revealed that in those rats in which high-dose biphalin did not produce analgesia or muscle rigidity, the catheter was positioned incorrectly or the flow of drug solution was obstructed. Therefore, a secondary conclusion is that assessment of transient rigidity after administration of a high dose of biphalin may be used as an easy method to confirm intrathecal placement of the catheter.
    Pharmacological reports: PR 57(4):545-9. · 1.97 Impact Factor