[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The PST-01 protease is secreted by the organic solvent-tolerant microorganism Pseudomonas aeruginosa PST-01 and is stable in the presence of various organic solvents. Therefore, the PST-01 strain and the PST-01 protease are very useful for fermentation and reactions in the presence of organic solvents, respectively. The organic solvent-stable PST-01 protease has two disulfide bonds (between Cys-30 and Cys-58 and between Cys-270 and Cys-297) in its molecule. Mutant PST-01 proteases in which one or both of the disulfide bonds were deleted were constructed by site-directed mutagenesis, and the effect of the disulfide bonds on the activity and the various stabilities was investigated. The disulfide bond between Cys-270 and Cys-297 in the PST-01 protease was found to be essential for its activity. The disulfide bond between Cys-30 and Cys-58 played an important role in the organic solvent stability of the PST-01 protease.
Applied and Environmental Microbiology 03/2001; 67(2):942-7. · 3.68 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A gene of organic solvent-stable protease (PST-01 protease) secreted by Pseudomonas aeruginosa PST-01 was cloned and its nucleotide was sequenced. The nucleotide sequence analysis revealed that the PST-01 protease was a pseudolysin, which was an elastase produced by P. aeruginosa and was well characterized by the previous investigators. The PST-01 protease produced in recombinant Escherichia coli was not secreted into the extracellular medium, but its proenzyme was released by the lysis of the cells and became a 33.1kDa mature enzyme autoproteolytically. Its characteristics including organic solvent stability were as same as those of the PST-01 protease secreted by P. aeruginosa PST-01.