ABSTRACT: The objective of the present studies was to examine the interaction between brain-derived angiotensin II (Ang II) and prostaglandins in order to identify the mechanisms mediating the pressor response produced by these neuroregulators. Inhibiting synthesis of prostaglandins with indomethacin [indocin, 200 microg/ 5 microl artificial cerebrospinal fluid (aCSF)], administered intracerebroventricularly (icv) to conscious adult male Sprague-Dawley rats, reduced blood pressure to values below basal levels. When injected prior to Ang II (50 ng/5 microl aCSF; icv), indomethacin completely abolished the pressor response induced by the octapeptide. The increase in blood pressure produced by prostaglandin D(2) (PGD(2), 20 microg/5 microl; icv), the most prominent prostaglandin in the rat brain, however, was not prevented by losartan (25 microg/5 microl; icv), an Ang II AT(1)-receptor antagonist. Collectively, these results indicate that prostaglandins produced tonically in the brain maintain resting arterial blood pressure and that the pressor action of Ang II is dependent on de novo synthesis of a prostaglandin.
Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 07/2000; 1(2):196-201. · 2.44 Impact Factor