R. J. Ivison

The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom

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Publications (719)2780.2 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We present new, high-angular resolution interferometric observations with the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array of 12CO J = 1-0 line emission and 4-8 GHz continuum emission in the strongly lensed, z = 2.3 submillimetre galaxy, SMM J21352-0102. Using these data, we identify and probe the conditions in ̃100 pc clumps within this galaxy, which we consider to be potential giant molecular cloud complexes, containing up to half of the total molecular gas in this system. In combination with far-infrared and submillimetre data, we investigate the far-infrared/radio correlation, measuring qIR = 2.39 ± 0.17 across SMM J21352. We search for variations in the properties of the interstellar medium (ISM) throughout the galaxy by measuring the spatially resolved qIR and radio spectral index, αradio, finding ranges qIR =[2.1, 2.6] and αradio = [-1.5, -0.7]. We argue that these ranges in αradio and qIR may reflect variations in the age of the ISM material. Using multi-J 12CO data, we quantitatively test a recent theoretical model relating the star formation rate surface density to the excitation of 12CO, finding good agreement between the model and the data. Lastly, we study the Schmidt-Kennicutt relation, both integrated across the system and within the individual clumps. We find small offsets between SMM J21352 and its clumps relative to other star-forming galaxy populations on the Schmidt-Kennicutt plot - such offsets have previously been interpreted as evidence for a bi-modal star formation law, but we argue that they can be equally well explained as arising due to a combination of observational uncertainties and systematic biases in the choice of model used to interpret the data.
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    ABSTRACT: We report the discovery of a gravitationally lensed hyperluminous infrared galaxy (L_IR~10^13 L_sun) with strong radio emission (L_1.4GHz~10^25 W/Hz) at z=2.553. The source was identified in the citizen science project SpaceWarps through the visual inspection of tens of thousands of iJKs colour composite images of Luminous Red Galaxies (LRGs), groups and clusters of galaxies and quasars. Appearing as a partial Einstein ring (r_e~3") around an LRG at z=0.2, the galaxy is extremely bright in the sub-millimetre for a cosmological source, with the thermal dust emission approaching 1 Jy at peak. The redshift of the lensed galaxy is determined through the detection of the CO(3-2) molecular emission line with the Large Millimetre Telescope's Redshift Search Receiver and through [OIII] and H-alpha line detections in the near-infrared from Subaru/IRCS. We have resolved the radio emission with high resolution (300-400 mas) eMERLIN L-band and JVLA C-band imaging. These observations are used in combination with the near-infrared imaging to construct a lens model, which indicates a lensing magnification of ~10x. The source reconstruction appears to support a radio morphology comprised of a compact (<250 pc) core and more extended component, perhaps indicative of an active nucleus and jet or lobe.
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    ABSTRACT: We report the redshift of an unlensed, highly obscured submillimetre galaxy (SMG), HS1700.850.1, the brightest SMG (S850um =19.1 mJy) detected in the JCMT/SCUBA-2 Baryonic Structure Survey, based on the detection of its CO line emission. Using the IRAM PdBI-WIDEX with 3.6GHz band width, we serendipitously detect an emission line at 150.6 GHz. Confirmation of the identification of this line as CO(5-4) at z = 2.816 comes from a search over 14.5 GHz in the 3-mm and 2-mm atmospheric windows, meaning that it does not reside in the z~2.30 proto-cluster in this field. Measurement of the 870um source size (<0.74") from the Sub-Millimeter Array (SMA) confirms a compact emission in a S870um =14.5mJy, LIR~10^13 Lsun component, suggesting an Eddington-limited starburst. We use the double-peaked CO line profile measurements along with the SMA size constraints to study the gas dynamics of a HyLIRG, estimating the gas and dynamical masses of HS1700.850.1. While HS1700.850.1 is one of the most extreme galaxies known in the Universe, we find that it occupies a relative void in the Lyman-Break Galaxy distribution in this field. Comparison with other extreme objects at similar epochs (HyLIRG Quasars), and cosmological simulations, suggests such an anti-bias of bright SMGs could be relatively common, with the brightest SMGs rarely occupying the most overdense regions at z=2-4.
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    ABSTRACT: We explore the behaviour of [CII]-157.74um forbidden fine-structure line observed in a sample of 28 galaxies selected from ~50deg^2 of the H-ATLAS survey. The sample is restricted to galaxies with flux densities higher than S_160um>150mJy and optical spectra from the GAMA survey at 0.02<z<0.2. Far-IR spectra centred on this redshifted line were taken with the PACS instrument on-board the Herschel Space Observatory. The galaxies span 10<log(L_IR/Lo)<12 (where L_IR=L_IR[8-1000um]) and 7.3<log(L_[CII]/Lo)<9.3, covering a variety of optical galaxy morphologies. The sample exhibits the so-called [CII] deficit at high IR luminosities, i.e. L_[CII]/L_IR (hereafter [CII]/IR) decreases at high L_IR. We find significant differences between those galaxies presenting [CII]/IR>2.5x10^-3 with respect to those showing lower ratios. In particular, those with high ratios tend to have: (1) L_IR<10^11Lo; (2) cold dust temperatures, T_d<30K; (3) disk-like morphologies in r-band images; (4) a WISE colour 0.5<S_12um/S_22um<1.0; (5) low surface brightness Sigma_IR~10^8-9 Lo kpc^-2, (6) and specific star-formation rates of sSFR~0.05-3 Gyr^-1. We suggest that the strength of the far-UV radiation fields ( ) is main parameter responsible for controlling the [CII]/IR ratio. It is possible that relatively high creates a positively charged dust grain distribution, impeding an efficient photo-electric extraction of electrons from these grains to then collisionally excite carbon atoms. Within the brighter IR population, 11<log(L_IR/Lo)<12, the low [CII]/IR ratio is unlikely to be modified by [CII] self absorption or controlled by the presence of a moderately luminous AGN (identified via the BPT diagram).
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    ABSTRACT: We present the properties of the first 250um blind sample of nearby galaxies (15 < D < 46 Mpc), from the Herschel Astrophysical Terahertz Large Area Survey (H-ATLAS). Herschel's sensitivity allows us to probe the faint end of the dust luminosity function for the first time, spanning a range of stellar mass (7.4 < log$_{10}$ M$_{\star}$ < 11.3 M$_{\odot}$), star formation activity (-11.8 < log$_{10}$ SSFR < -8.9 yr$^{-1}$), and gas fraction (3-96 per cent). Our representative sample of the local dusty Universe reveals great diversity, with 0.6 < FUV-Ks < 7.0 and representation across the Hubble Sequence. The median cold dust temperature is 14.6 K, colder than that in the HRS (18.5 K) and Planck ERCSC (17.7 K). The mean dust-to-stellar mass ratio (Md/M$_{\star}$) in our sample is higher than in these surveys by a factor of 3.7 and 1.8 respectively. Counter-intuitively, we find that the more dust rich a galaxy (defined by Md/M$_{\star}$), the lower its UV attenuation. Dust selection also produces a sample with a high median gas fraction of 52 per cent. From our volume-limited sample, we derive a dust mass volume density of (3.7 $\pm$ 0.7) x 10$^{5}$ M$_{\odot}$ Mpc$^{-3}$, a factor of 2 higher than derived previously by H-ATLAS and IRAS/SCUBA, but consistent with that derived by Planck (modulo large cosmic variance). Over half of this dust mass selected sample are very blue in FUV-Ks colour, with irregular and/or highly flocculent morphology. These very blue galaxies account for only 6 per cent of the stellar mass in our sample, but contain over 35 per cent of the dust mass. These are the most actively star forming galaxies in our sample, with the highest gas fractions and lowest attenuations. These galaxies appear to be immature, still in an early stage of converting their gas into stars; they should therefore provide valuable insights into the chemical evolution of young galaxies.
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    ABSTRACT: We present new, high-angular resolution interferometric observations with the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array of $^{12}$CO $J=1-0$ line emission and 4-8 GHz continuum emission in the strongly lensed, $z=2.3$ submillimetre galaxy, SMM J21352-0102. Using these data, we identify and probe the conditions in $\sim 100$pc clumps within this galaxy, which we consider to be potential giant molecular cloud complexes, containing up to half of the total molecular gas in this system. In combination with far-infrared and submillimetre data, we investigate the far-infrared/radio correlation, measuring $q_{IR} = 2.39 \pm 0.17$ across SMM J21352. We search for variations in the properties of the interstellar medium throughout the galaxy by measuring the spatially-resolved $q_{IR}$ and radio spectral index, ${\alpha}_{\rm radio}$, finding ranges $q_{IR} = [2.1, 2.6]$ and ${\alpha}_{\rm radio} = [-1.5, -0.7]$. We argue that these ranges in ${\alpha}_{\rm radio}$ and $q_{IR}$ may reflect variations in the age of the ISM material. Using multi-$J$ $^{12}$CO data, we quantitatively test a recent theoretical model relating the star-formation rate surface density to the excitation of $^{12}$CO, finding good agreement between the model and the data. Lastly, we study the Schmidt-Kennicutt relation, both integrated across the system and within the individual clumps. We find small offsets between SMM J21352 and its clumps relative to other star-forming galaxy populations on the Schmidt-Kennicutt plot - such offsets have previously been interpreted as evidence for a bi-modal star-formation law, but we argue that they can be equally-well explained as arising due to a combination of observational uncertainties and systematic biases in the choice of model used to interpret the data.
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    ABSTRACT: We report the blind detection of 12CO emission from a Distant Red Galaxy, HS1700.DRG55. We have used the IRAM PdBI-WIDEX, with its 3.6GHz of instantaneous dual-polarization bandwidth, to target 12CO(3--2) from galaxies lying in the proto-cluster at z=2.300 in the field HS1700+64. If indeed this line in DRG55 is 12CO(3--2), it's detection at 104.9GHz indicates a z_CO=2.296. None of the other eight known z~2.30 proto-cluster galaxies lying within the primary beam (PB) are detected in 12CO, although the limits are ~2x worse towards the edge of the PB where several lie. The optical/near-IR magnitudes of DRG55 (R_AB>27, K_AB=22.3) mean that optical spectroscopic redshifts are difficult with 10m-class telescopes, but near-IR redshifts would be feasible. The 24um-implied SFR (210 M_odot yr-1), stellar mass (~10^11 M-odot) and 12CO line luminosity (3.6x10^10 K km s-1 pc^2) are comparable to other normal 12CO-detected star forming galaxies in the literature, although the galaxy is some ~2 mag (~6x) fainter in the rest-frame UV than 12CO-detected galaxies at z>2. The detection of DRG55 in 12CO complements three other 12CO detected UV-bright galaxies in this proto-cluster from previous studies, and suggests that many optically faint galaxies in the proto-cluster may host substantial molecular gas reservoirs, and a full blind census of 12CO in this overdense environment is warranted.
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    ABSTRACT: We present Hubble Space Telescope (HST) WFC3 imaging and grism spectroscopy observations of the Herschel-selected gravitationally-lensed starburst galaxy HATLASJ1429-0028. The lensing system consists of an edge-on foreground disk galaxy at $z=0.218$ with a nearly complete Einstein ring of the infrared luminous galaxy at $z=1.027$. The WFC3 spectroscopy with G102 and G141 grisms, covering the wavelength range of 0.8 to 1.7 $\mu$m, resulted in detections of H$\alpha$+[NII], H$\beta$, [SII], and [OIII] for the background galaxy from which we measure line fluxes and ratios. The Balmer line ratio H$\alpha$/H$\beta$ of 7.5 $\pm$ 4.4, when corrected for [NII], results in an extinction for the starburst galaxy of E(B-V)=0.8 $\pm$ 0.5. The H$\alpha$ based star-formation rate, when corrected for extinction, is 100 $\pm$ 80 M$_{\odot}$ yr$^{-1}$, lower than the instantaneous star-formation rate of 390 $\pm$ 90 M$_{\odot}$ yr$^{-1}$ from the total IR luminosity. We also compare the nebular line ratios of HATLASJ1429-0028 with other star-forming and sub-mm bright galaxies. The nebular line ratios are consistent with an intrinsic ultra-luminous infrared galaxy with no evidence for excitation by an active galactic nuclei (AGN). We estimate the metallicity, 12 + log(O/H), of HATLASJ1429-0028 to be 8.49 $\pm$ 0.16. This value is below the average relations for stellar mass vs. metallicity of galaxies at $z \sim 1$ for a galaxy with stellar mass of 1.1 $\pm$ 0.4 $\times$ 10^11 M$_{\odot}$. The high stellar mass, lack of AGN indicators, low metallicity, and high star-formation rate of HATLASJ1429-0028 suggests that this galaxy is currently undergoing a rapid formation.
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    ABSTRACT: Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are the most energetic phenomena in the Universe; believed to result from the collapse and subsequent explosion of massive stars. Even though it has profound consequences for our understanding of their nature and selection biases, little is known about the dust properties of the galaxies hosting GRBs. We present analysis of the far-infrared properties of an unbiased sample of 21 GRB host galaxies (at an average redshift of $z\,=\,3.1$) located in the {\it Herschel} Astrophysical Terahertz Large Area Survey (H-ATLAS), the {\it Herschel} Virgo Cluster Survey (HeViCS), the {\it Herschel} Fornax Cluster Survey (HeFoCS), the {\it Herschel} Stripe 82 Survey (HerS) and the {\it Herschel} Multi-tiered Extragalactic Survey (HerMES), totalling $880$ deg$^2$, or $\sim 3$\% of the sky in total. Our sample selection is serendipitous, based only on whether the X-ray position of a GRB lies within a large-scale {\it Herschel} survey -- therefore our sample can be considered completely unbiased. Using deep data at wavelengths of 100\,--\,500$\,\mu$m, we tentatively detected 1 out of 20 GRB hosts located in these fields. We constrain their dust masses and star formation rates, and discuss these in the context of recent measurements of submillimetre galaxies and ultraluminous infrared galaxies. The average far-infrared flux of our sample gives an upper limit on star formation rate of $<114$ M$_{\sun}\,$yr$^{-1}$. The detection rate of GRB hosts is consistent with that predicted assuming that GRBs trace the cosmic star formation rate density in an unbiased way, i.e. that the fraction of GRB hosts with $\mbox{SFR}>500\,{\rm M}_\odot\,\mbox{yr}^{-1}$ is consistent with the contribution of such luminous galaxies to the cosmic star-formation density.
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    ABSTRACT: The broad spectral bandwidth at mm and cm-wavelengths provided by the recent upgrades to the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) has made it possible to conduct unbiased searches for molecular CO line emission at redshifts, z > 1.31. We present the discovery of a gas-rich, star-forming galaxy at z = 2.48, through the detection of CO(1-0) line emission in the COLDz survey, through a sensitive, Ka-band (31 to 39 GHz) VLA survey of a 6.5 square arcminute region of the COSMOS field. We argue that the broad line (FWHM ~570 +/- 80 km/s) is most likely to be CO(1-0) at z=2.48, as the integrated emission is spatially coincident with an infrared-detected galaxy with a photometric redshift estimate of z = 3.2 +/- 0.4. The CO(1-0) line luminosity is L'_CO = (2.2 +/- 0.3) x 10^{10} K km/s pc^2, suggesting a cold molecular gas mass of M_gas ~ (2 - 8)x10^{10}M_solar depending on the assumed value of the molecular gas mass to CO luminosity ratio alpha_CO. The estimated infrared luminosity from the (rest-frame) far-infrared spectral energy distribution (SED) is L_IR = 2.5x10^{12} L_solar and the star-formation rate is ~250 M_solar/yr, with the SED shape indicating substantial dust obscuration of the stellar light. The infrared to CO line luminosity ratio is ~114+/-19 L_solar/(K km/s pc^2), similar to galaxies with similar SFRs selected at UV/optical to radio wavelengths. This discovery confirms the potential for molecular emission line surveys as a route to study populations of gas-rich galaxies in the future.
    The Astrophysical Journal 12/2014; 800(1). DOI:10.1088/0004-637X/800/1/67 · 6.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We analyse HST WFC3/$H_{160}$-band observations of a sample of 48 ALMA-detected submillimeter galaxies (SMGs) in the Extended Chandra Deep Field South field, to study their stellar morphologies and sizes. We detect 79$\pm$17% of the SMGs in the $H_{160}$-band imaging with a median sensitivity of 27.8 mag, and most (80%) of the non-detections are SMGs with 870$\mu$m fluxes of $S_{870} < $3 mJy. With a surface brightness limit of $\mu_H \sim $26 mag arcsec$^{-2}$, we find that 82$\pm$9% of the $H_{160}$-band detected SMGs at $z =$ 1-3 appear to have disturbed morphologies, meaning they are visually classified as either irregulars or interacting systems, or both. By determining a S\'ersic fit to the $H_{160}$ surface-brightness profiles we derive a median S\'ersic index of $n = $1.2$\pm$0.3 and a median half-light radius of $r_e = $4.4$^{+1.1}_{-0.5}$ kpc for our SMGs at $z = $1-3. We also find significant displacements between the positions of the $H_{160}$-component and 870$\mu$m emission in these systems, suggesting that the dusty star-burst regions and less-obscured stellar distribution are not co-located. We find significant differences in the sizes and the S\'ersic index between our $z = $2-3 SMGs and $z \sim $2 quiescent galaxies, suggesting a major transformation of the stellar light profile is needed in the quenching processes if SMGs are progenitors of the red-and-dead $z\sim$2 galaxies. Given the short-lived nature of SMGs, we postulate that the majority of the $z = $2-3 SMGs with $S_{870} \gtrsim $2 mJy are early/mid-stage major mergers.
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    ABSTRACT: We present new Herschel photometric and spectroscopic observations of Supernova 1987A, carried out in 2012. Our dedicated photometric measurements provide new 70 micron data and improved imaging quality at 100 and 160 micron compared to previous observations in 2010. Our Herschel spectra show only weak CO line emission, and provide an upper limit for the 63 micron [O I] line flux, eliminating the possibility that line contaminations distort the previously estimated dust mass. The far-infrared spectral energy distribution (SED) is well fitted by thermal emission from cold dust. The newly measured 70 micron flux constrains the dust temperature, limiting it to nearly a single temperature. The far-infrared emission can be fitted by 0.5+-0.1 Msun of amorphous carbon, about a factor of two larger than the current nucleosynthetic mass prediction for carbon. The observation of SiO molecules at early and late phases suggests that silicates may also have formed and we could fit the SED with a combination of 0.3 Msun of amorphous carbon and 0.5 Msun of silicates, totalling 0.8 Msun of dust. Our analysis thus supports the presence of a large dust reservoir in the ejecta of SN 1987A. The inferred dust mass suggests that supernovae can be an important source of dust in the interstellar medium, from local to high-redshift galaxies.
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    ABSTRACT: We report the source size distribution, as measured by ALMA millimetric continuum imaging, of a sample of 13 AzTEC-selected submillimeter galaxies (SMGs) believed to lie at z_photo ~ 3-6. Their infrared luminosities and star-formation rates (SFR) are L_IR ~ 2-6 x 10^12 L_sun and ~ 200-500 M_sun yr-1, respectively. The size of z ~ 3-6 SMGs ranges from 0''.10 to 0''.38 with a median of 0''.22 (FWHM), corresponding to a median effective radius (Re) of ~ 0.8 kpc, comparable to the typical size of the stellar component measured in compact quiescent galaxies at z ~ 2 (cQGs) --- R ~ 1 kpc. The surface SFR density of our z ~ 3-6 SMGs is 160+610-82 M_sun yr-1 kpc-2, comparable to that seen in local merger-driven (U)LIRGs, which implies that these SMGs are also likely to be merger-driven. The discovery of compact starbursts in z >~ 3 SMGs strongly supports a massive galaxy formation scenario wherein z ~ 3-6 SMGs evolve into the compact stellar components of z ~ 2 cQGs. These cQGs are then thought to evolve into the most massive ellipticals in the local Universe, mostly via dry mergers. Our results thus suggest that z >~ 3 SMGs are the likely progenitors of massive local ellipticals, via cQGs, meaning that we can now trace the evolutionary path of the most massive galaxies over a period encompassing ~ 90% of the age of the Universe.
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    ABSTRACT: We present high-resolution (0.3'') ALMA 870um imaging of 52 sub-millimeter galaxies (SMGs) in the Ultra Deep Survey (UDS) field and investigate the size and morphology of the sub-millimeter (sub-mm) emission on 2-10kpc scales. We derive a median intrinsic angular size of FWHM=0.30$\pm$0.04'' for the 23 SMGs in the sample detected at a signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) >10. Using the photometric redshifts of the SMGs we show that this corresponds to a median physical half-light diameter of 2.4$\pm$0.2kpc. A stacking analysis of the SMGs detected at an SNR <10 shows they have sizes consistent with the 870um-bright SMGs in the sample. We compare our results to the sizes of SMGs derived from other multi-wavelength studies, and show that the rest-frame ~250um sizes of SMGs are consistent with studies of resolved 12CO (J=3-2 to 7-6) emission lines, but that sizes derived from 1.4GHz imaging appear to be approximately two times larger on average, which we attribute to cosmic ray diffusion. The rest-frame optical sizes of SMGs are around four times larger than the sub-millimeter sizes, indicating that the star formation in these galaxies is compact relative to the pre-existing stellar distribution. The size of the starburst region in SMGs is consistent with the majority of the star formation occurring in a central region, a few kpc in extent, with a median star formation rate surface density of 90$\pm$30Msol/yr/kpc$^2$, which may suggest that we are witnessing an intense period of bulge growth in these galaxies.
    The Astrophysical Journal 11/2014; 799(1). DOI:10.1088/0004-637X/799/1/81 · 6.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In our series of papers presenting the Herschel imaging of evolved planetary nebulae, we present images of the dust distribution in the Helix nebula (NGC 7293). Images at 70, 160, 250, 350, and 500 micron were obtained with the PACS and SPIRE instruments on board the Herschel satellite. The broadband maps show the dust distribution over the main Helix nebula to be clumpy and predominantly present in the barrel wall. We determined the spectral energy distribution of the main nebula in a consistent way using Herschel, IRAS, and Planck flux values. The emissivity index of 0.99 +/- 0.09, in combination with the carbon rich molecular chemistry of the nebula, indicates that the dust consists mainly of amorphous carbon. The dust excess emission from the central star disk is detected at 70 micron and the flux measurement agree with previous measurement. We present the temperature and dust column density maps. The total dust mass across the Helix nebula (without its halo) is determined to be 0.0035 solar mass at a distance of 216 pc. The temperature map shows dust temperatures between 22 and 42 K, which is similar to the kinetic temperature of the molecular gas, strengthening the fact that the dust and gas co-exist in high density clumps. Archived images are used to compare the location of the dust emission in the far infrared (Herschel) with the ionized (GALEX, Hbeta) and molecular hydrogen component. The different emission components are consistent with the Helix consisting of a thick walled barrel-like structure inclined to the line of sight. The radiation field decreases rapidly through the barrel wall.
    Astronomy and Astrophysics 11/2014; 574. DOI:10.1051/0004-6361/201424189 · 4.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: [Abridged] We study the evolution of the radio spectral index and far-infrared/radio correlation (FRC) across the star-formation rate-stellar masse (i.e. SFR-M*) plane up to z 2. We start from a M*-selected sample of galaxies with reliable SFR and redshift estimates. We then grid the SFR-M* plane in several redshift ranges and measure the infrared luminosity, radio luminosity, radio spectral index, and ultimately the FRC index (i.e. qFIR) of each SFR-M*-z bin. The infrared luminosities of our SFR-M*-z bins are estimated using their stacked far-infrared flux densities inferred from observations obtained with Herschel. Their radio luminosities and radio spectral indices (i.e. alpha, where Snu nu^-alpha) are estimated using their stacked 1.4GHz and 610MHz flux densities from the VLA and GMRT, respectively. Our far-infrared and radio observations include the most widely studied blank extragalactic fields -GOODS-N/S, ECDFS, and COSMOS- covering a sky area of 2deg^2. Using this methodology, we constrain the radio spectral index and FRC index of star-forming galaxies with M*>10^10Msun and 0<z<2.3. We find that alpha^1.4GHz_610MHz does not evolve significantly with redshift or with the distance of a galaxy with respect to the main sequence (MS) of the SFR-M* plane (i.e. Delta_log(SSFR)_MS=log[SSFR(galaxy)/SSFR_MS(M*,z)]). Instead, star-forming galaxies have a radio spectral index consistent with a canonical value of 0.8, which suggests that their radio spectra are dominated by non-thermal optically thin synchrotron emission. We find that qFIR displays a moderate but statistically significant redshift evolution as qFIR(z)=(2.35+/-0.08)*(1+z)^(-0.12+/-0.04), consistent with some previous literature. Finally, we find no significant correlation between qFIR and Delta_log(SSFR)_MS, though a weak positive trend, as observed in one of our redshift bins, cannot be firmly ruled out using our dataset.
    Astronomy and Astrophysics 10/2014; 573. DOI:10.1051/0004-6361/201424937 · 4.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We present the first measurement of the correlation between the map of the CMB lensing potential derived from the Planck nominal mission data and $z >1.5$ galaxies detected by the Herschel-ATLAS (H-ATLAS) survey covering about $600\,\hbox{deg}^2$, i.e. about 1.4% of the sky. A highly significant ($20\,\sigma$) correlation is found, substantially stronger than expected. The result was checked by performing a number of null tests. The galaxy bias parameter, $b$, derived from a joint analysis of the cross-power spectrum and of the auto-power spectrum of the galaxy density contrast is found to be $b=2.80^{+0.12}_{-0.11}$, consistent with earlier estimates for H-ATLAS galaxies at similar redshifts. On the other hand, the amplitude of the cross-correlation is found to be a factor $1.62 \pm 0.16$ higher than expected from the standard model and also found by cross-correlation analyses with other tracers of the large-scale structure. The enhancement due to lensing magnification can account for only a fraction of the excess cross-correlation signal. We suggest that most of it may be due to an incomplete removal of the contamination of the CIB, that includes the H-ATLAS sources we are cross-correlating with. In any case, the highly significant detection reported here using a catalog covering only 1.4% of the sky demonstrates the potential of CMB lensing correlations with sub-mm surveys.
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    ABSTRACT: Galaxies' rest-frame ultraviolet (UV) properties are often used to directly infer the degree to which dust obscuration affects the measurement of star formation rates. While much recent work has focused on calibrating dust attenuation in galaxies selected at rest-frame ultraviolet wavelengths, locally and at high-$z$, here we investigate attenuation in dusty, star-forming galaxies (DSFGs) selected at far-infrared wavelengths. By combining multiwavelength coverage across 0.15--500\,$\mu$m in the COSMOS field, in particular making use of {\it Herschel} imaging, and a rich dataset on local galaxies, we find a empirical variation in the relationship between rest-frame UV slope ($\beta$) and ratio of infrared-to-ultraviolet emission ($L_{\rm IR}/L_{\rm UV}\equiv\,IRX$) as a function of infrared luminosity, or total star formation rate, SFR. Both locally and at high-$z$, galaxies above SFR$\gt$50\,M$_\odot$\,yr$^{-1}$ deviate from the nominal $IRX-\beta$ relation towards bluer colors by a factor proportional to their increasing IR luminosity. We also estimate contamination rates of DSFGs on high-$z$ dropout searches of $\ll1$\%\ at $z\lt4-10$, providing independent verification that contamination from very dusty foreground galaxies is low in LBG searches. Overall, our results are consistent with the physical interpretation that DSFGs, e.g. galaxies with $>50$\,M$_\odot$\,yr$^{-1}$, are dominated at all epochs by short-lived, extreme burst events, producing many young O and B stars that are primarily, yet not entirely, enshrouded in thick dust cocoons. The blue rest-frame UV slopes of DSFGs are inconsistent with the suggestion that most DSFGs at $z\sim2$ exhibit steady-state star formation in secular disks.
    The Astrophysical Journal 10/2014; 796(2). DOI:10.1088/0004-637X/796/2/95 · 6.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We present a derivation of the star formation rate per comoving volume of quasar host galaxies, derived from stacking analyses of far-infrared to mm-wave photometry of quasars with redshifts 0 ensuremath< ensuremath zensuremath<?iensuremath> ensuremath< 6 and absolute ensuremath Iensuremath<?iensuremath>-band magnitudes -22 ensuremath> ensuremath Iensuremath<?iensuremath>ensuremath ABensuremath<?subensuremath> ensuremath> -32 We use the science demonstration observations of the first textttchar12616 degensuremath 2ensuremath<?supensuremath> from the ensuremath Herschelensuremath<?iensuremath> Astrophysical Terahertz Large Area Survey (H-ATLAS) in which there are 240 quasars from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) and a further 171 from the 2dF-SDSS LRG and QSO (2SLAQ) survey. We supplement this data with a compilation of data from IRAS, ISO, ensuremath Spitzerensuremath<?iensuremath>, SCUBA and MAMBO. H-ATLAS alone statistically detects the quasars in its survey area at ensuremath>5ensuremath ensuremathsigmaensuremath<?iensuremath> at 250,350 and 500 ensuremath ensuremathmuensuremath<?iensuremath>m. From the compilation as a whole we find striking evidence of downsizing in quasar host galaxy formation: low-luminosity quasars with absolute magnitudes in the range -22 ensuremath> ensuremath Iensuremath<?iensuremath>ensuremath ABensuremath<?subensuremath> ensuremath> -24 have a comoving star formation rate (derived from 100 ensuremath ensuremathmuensuremath<?iensuremath>m rest-frame luminosities) peaking between redshifts of ensuremath 1ensuremath<?iensuremath> and ensuremath 2ensuremath<?iensuremath>, while high-luminosity quasars with ensuremath Iensuremath<?iensuremath>ensuremath ABensuremath<?subensuremath> ensuremath< -26 have a maximum contribution to the star formation density at ensuremath zensuremath<?iensuremath> textttchar126 3. The volume-averaged star formation rate of -22 ensuremath> ensuremath Iensuremath<?iensuremath>ensuremath ABensuremath<?subensuremath> ensuremath> -24 quasars evolves as (1 ? ensuremath zensuremath<?iensuremath>)ensuremath 2.3$pm$0.7ensuremath<?supensuremath> at ensuremath zensuremath<?iensuremath> ensuremath< 2, but the evolution at higher luminosities is much faster reaching (1 ? ensuremath zensuremath<?iensuremath>)ensuremath 10$pm$1ensuremath<?supensuremath> at -26 ensuremath> ensuremath Iensuremath<?iensuremath>ensuremath ABensuremath<?subensuremath> ensuremath> -28. We tentatively interpret this as a combination of a declining major merger rate with time and gas consumption reducing fuel for both black hole accretion and star formation.

Publication Stats

18k Citations
2,780.20 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1997–2015
    • The University of Edinburgh
      • • Institute for Astronomy (IfA)
      • • School of Physics and Astronomy
      Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom
  • 2011–2014
    • Cardiff University
      • School of Physics and Astronomy
      Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom
    • Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM)
      • School of Astronomy
      Tehrān, Ostan-e Tehran, Iran
    • Observatoire de Paris
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2001–2014
    • The Royal Observatory, Edinburgh
      Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom
    • French National Centre for Scientific Research
      • Institut d'astrophysique spatiale (IAS)
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
    • Massachusetts Institute of Technology
      • Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research
      Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
  • 2013
    • Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
      • Department Physics and Astronomy
      New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States
    • Cornell University
      • Department of Astronomy
      Ithaca, New York, United States
  • 1999–2013
    • California Institute of Technology
      Pasadena, California, United States
  • 2012
    • University of Nottingham
      • School of Physics and Astronomy
      Nottigham, England, United Kingdom
    • Ruhr-Universität Bochum
      Bochum, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 2011–2012
    • Imperial College London
      • Department of Physics
      Londinium, England, United Kingdom
    • University of Colorado at Boulder
      • • Center for Astrophysics and Space Astronomy
      • • Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences
      Boulder, Colorado, United States
  • 1998–2012
    • University College London
      • Department of Physics and Astronomy
      Londinium, England, United Kingdom
  • 2010
    • Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati di Trieste
      Trst, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Italy
    • National Radio Astronomy Observatory
      Charlottesville, Virginia, United States
    • The Open University (UK)
      • Department of Physical Sciences
      Milton Keynes, England, United Kingdom
    • University of Leuven
      Louvain, Flanders, Belgium
  • 2007–2010
    • Scottish Universities Physics Alliance
      Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom
    • Netherlands Institute for Space Research, Utrecht
      Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands
  • 1997–2009
    • University of Cambridge
      • Institute of Astronomy
      Cambridge, England, United Kingdom
  • 2006
    • University of Sydney
      • School of Physics
      Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    • Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics
      • Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory
      Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
  • 2005
    • University of Innsbruck
      • Institute for Astro-and Particle Physics
      Innsbruck, Tyrol, Austria
    • University of California, Berkeley
      • Department of Physics
      Berkeley, California, United States
  • 1991–2005
    • The University of Manchester
      • School of Physics and Astronomy
      Manchester, England, United Kingdom
  • 1995
    • University of Toronto
      Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • 1993
    • University of Central Lancashire
      Preston, England, United Kingdom