ABSTRACT: X-ray reflectivity measurements of the binary liquid Ga-Bi alloy reveal a dramatically different surface structure above and below the monotectic temperature T(mono) = 222 degrees C. A Gibbs-adsorbed Bi monolayer resides at the surface in both regimes. However, a 30 A thick, Bi-rich wetting film intrudes between the Bi monolayer and the Ga-rich bulk for T>T(mono). The wetting film's internal structure, not hitherto measured, is determined with A resolution, showing a concentration gradient not predicted by theory and a highly diffuse interface with the bulk phase.
Physical Review Letters 05/2000; 84(19):4385-8. · 7.37 Impact Factor