H. H. Wen

Nanjing University, Nan-ching, Jiangsu Sheng, China

Are you H. H. Wen?

Claim your profile

Publications (210)418.42 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: LaO[Formula: see text]F[Formula: see text]BiSe2 is a new layered superconductor discovered recently, which shows the superconducting transition temperature of 3.5 K. With angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, we study the electronic structure of LaO[Formula: see text]F[Formula: see text]BiSe2 comprehensively. Two electron-like bands are located around the [Formula: see text] point of the Brillouin zone, and the outer pockets connect with each other and form large Fermi surface around [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text]. These bands show negligible [Formula: see text] dispersion, indicating their two-dimensional nature. Based on the Luttinger theorem, the carrier concentration is about 0.53 e[Formula: see text] per unit cell, close to its nominal value. Moreover, the photoemission data and the band structure calculations agree very well, and the renormalization factor is nearly 1.0, indicating the electron correlations in this material are rather weak. Our results suggest that LaO[Formula: see text]F[Formula: see text]BiSe2 is a conventional BCS superconductor without strong electron correlations.
    Journal of Physics Condensed Matter 06/2015; 27(28):285502. DOI:10.1088/0953-8984/27/28/285502
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The effect of K, Co and P dopings on the lattice dynamics in the BaFe$_2$As$_2$ system is studied by infrared spectroscopy. We focus on the phonon at $\sim$ 253 cm$^{-1}$, the highest energy in-plane infrared-active Fe-As mode in BaFe$_2$As$_2$. Our studies show that the Co and P dopings lead to a blue shift of this phonon in frequency, which can be simply interpreted by the change of lattice parameters induced by doping. In sharp contrast, an unusual red shift of the same mode was observed in the K-doped compound, at odds with the above explanation. This anomalous behavior in K-doped BaFe$_2$As$_2$ is more likely associated with the coupling between lattice vibrations and other channels, such as charge or spin. This coupling scenario is also supported by the asymmetric line shape and intensity growth of the phonon in the K-doped compound.
    Physical Review B 03/2015; 91(10). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.91.104510
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Superconducting fluctuations were studied through angular-dependent torque measurements on a series of ${\mathrm{Bi}}_{2}{\mathrm{Sr}}_{2$-${}x}{\mathrm{La}}_{x}{\mathrm{CuO}}_{6+$\delta${}}$ (BSLCO) single crystals. Two distinct superconducting fluctuation diamagnetisms were observed: one is the superconducting thermal fluctuation, with a boundary close to the superconducting phase boundary, while the other one, up to a temperature as high as about 180 K, showing maximum signal in the sample with hole carrier density $p=0.125$, could be due to preformed pairs. In addition, we observed linearly temperature-dependent paramagnetic torque signals in BSLCO samples, possibly a result of quantum criticality from a quantum critical point at the optimal doping.
    Physical Review B 12/2014; 90(21). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.90.214511
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Irradiation with 2.5 MeV electrons at doses up to 5.2 $\times$10$^{19}$ electrons/cm$^2$ was used to introduce point-like defects in single crystals of Ba$_{1-x}$K$_x$Fe$_2$As$_2$ with $x=$ 0.19 ($T_c=$ 14 K), $x=$ 0.26 ($T_c=$ 32 K) and 0.34 ($T_c=$ 39 K) to study the superconducting gap structure by probing the effect of non-magnetic scattering on electrical resistivity, $\rho(T)$, and London penetration depth, $ \lambda (T)$. For all compositions, the irradiation suppressed the superconducting transition temperature, $T_c$ and increased resistivity. The low - temperature behavior of $\lambda (T)$ is best described by the power - law function, $\Delta \lambda (T) = A(T/T_c)^n$. While substantial suppression of $T_c$ supports $s_{\pm}$ pairing mechanism, in samples close to the optimal doping, $x=$ 0.26 and 0.34, the exponent $n$ remained high ($n \geq 3$) indicating robust full superconducting gaps. For the $x=$ 0.19 composition, exhibiting coexistence of superconductivity and long - range magnetism, the suppression of $T_c$ was much more rapid and the exponent $n$ decreased toward dirty limit of $n$ = 2. In this sample, the irradiation also suppressed the temperature of structural/magnetic transition, $T_{sm}$, from 103 K to 98 K consistent with the itinerant nature of the magnetic order. Our results suggest that underdoped compositions, especially in the coexisting regime are most susceptible to non-magnetic scattering and imply that in multi-band Ba$_{1-x}$K$_x$Fe$_2$As$_2$ superconductors, the ratio of the inter-band to intra-band pairing strength, and associated gap anisotropy, increases upon the departure from the optimal doping.
    Physical Review B 07/2014; 90(10). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.90.104514
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We measure the magnetic penetration depth $\Delta\lambda(T)$ for NdO$_{1-x}$F$_{x}$BiS$_{2}$ ($x$ = 0.3 and 0.5) using the tunnel diode oscillator technique. The $\Delta\lambda(T)$ shows an upturn in the low-temperature limit which is attributed to the paramagnetism of Nd ions. After subtracting the paramagnetic contributions, the penetration depth $\Delta\lambda(T)$ follows exponential-type temperature dependence at $T\ll T_c$. Both $\Delta\lambda(T)$ and the corresponding superfluid density $\rho_s(T)$ can be described by the BCS model with an energy gap of $\Delta(0)$ $\approx$ 2.0 $k_BT_c$ for both $x$ = 0.3 and 0.5, suggesting strong-coupling BCS superconductivity in the presence of localized moments for NdO$_{1-x}$F$_{x}$BiS$_{2}$.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We investigate the nature of the SDW (Spin Density Wave) transition in the underdoped regime of an iron-based high Tc superconductor Ba(Fe1-xCox)2As2 by 75As NMR, with primary focus on a composition with x = 0.02 (T_SDW = 99 K).We demonstrate that critical slowing down toward the three dimensional SDW transition sets in at the tetragonal to orthorhombic structural phase transition, Ts = 105 K, suggesting strong interplay between structural distortion and spin correlations. In the critical regime between Ts and T_SDW, the dynamical structure factor of electron spins S(q,Wn) measured with the longitudinal NMR relaxation rate 1/T1 exhibits a divergent behavior obeying a power law, 1/T1~S(q, Wn)~(T/T_SDW-1)^a with the critical exponent a ~ 0.33.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We investigate the nature of the SDW (spin density wave) transition in the underdoped regime of an iron-based high-T-c superconductor Ba(Fe1-xCox)(2)As-2 by As-75 NMR, with primary focus on a composition with x = 0.02 (T-SDW = 99 K). We demonstrate that critical slowing down toward the three-dimensional SDW transition sets in at the tetragonal to orthorhombic structural phase transition T-s = 105 K, suggesting strong interplay between structural distortion and spin correlations. In the critical regime between T-s and T-SDW, the dynamical structure factor of electron spins S(q,omega(n)) measured with the longitudinal NMR relaxation rate 1/T-1 exhibits a divergent behavior obeying a power law 1/T-1 proportional to Sigma S-q(q,omega(n)) similar to (T/T-SDW - 1)(-delta) with the critical exponent delta similar to 0.33.
    Physical Review B 06/2014; 89(21). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.89.214511
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We have performed systematic angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) of iron-chalcogenide superconductor FeTe1-xSex to elucidate the electronic states relevant to the superconductivity. While the Fermi-surface shape is nearly independent of x, we found that the ARPES spectral line shape shows prominent x dependence. A broad ARPES spectrum characterized by a small quasiparticle weight at x = 0, indicative of incoherent electronic states, becomes progressively sharper with increasing x, and a well-defined quasiparticle peak appears around x = 0.45 where bulk superconductivity is realized. The present result suggests the evolution from incoherent to coherent electronic states and its close relationship to the emergence of superconductivity.
    Physical Review B 05/2014; 89(14). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.89.140506
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We determine the pressure phase diagram of the 1111 compounds CaFeAsF and SrFeAsF, up to 20 GPa and down to 4 K by electrical resistivity measurements and the change of structure up to 40 GPa at room temperature. The antiferromagnetic transition temperature, as determined by the derivative peak, shows a minimum at ~5 GPa (10 GPa) for the Ca (Sr) compound. For CaFeAsF, superconductivity appears at this minimum, coincident with the development of a previously reported monoclinic phase. For SrFeAsF, where the orthorhombic and the monoclinic phase were reported to coexist, superconductivity exists above P≥1 GPa. Both phase diagrams can be scaled by a shift of ~10 GPa pressure at which the volume of SrFeAsF and that of CaFeAsF at ambient pressure coincide. The difference of our phase diagram with that of electron-doped 1111 samples is accounted for by hole doping under pressure, which we verified through electron band structure calculations.
    Journal of Physics Condensed Matter 03/2014; 26(15):155702. DOI:10.1088/0953-8984/26/15/155702
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: NdO$_{0.5}$F$_{0.5}$BiS$_{2}$ is a new layered superconductor. We have studied the low-lying electronic structure of a single crystalline NdO$_{0.5}$F$_{0.5}$BiS$_{2}$ superconductor, whose superconducting transition temperature is 4.87K, with angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. The Fermi surface consists of two small electron pockets around the X point and shows little warping along the $k_z$ direction. Our results demonstrate the multi-band and two-dimensional nature of the electronic structure. The good agreement between the photoemission data and the band calculations gives the renormalization factor of 1, indicating the rather weak electron correlations in this material. Moreover, we found that the actual electron doping level and Fermi surface size are much smaller than what are expected from the nominal composition, which could be largely explained by the bismuth dificiency. The small Fermi pocket size and the weak electron correlations found here put strong constraints on theory, and suggest that the BiS$_2$-based superconductors could be conventional BCS superconductors mediated by the electron-phonon coupling.
    Physical Review B 02/2014; 90(4). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.90.045116
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Using the angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) with resolution of all three components of electron momentum and electronic states symmetry, we explicate the electronic structure of hole-doped BaFe2 As2, and show that widely discussed nesting and dimensionality of Fermi surface (FS) sheets have no immediate relation to the superconducting pairing in iron-based superconductors. Alternatively a clear correlation between the orbital character of the electronic states and their propensity to superconductivity is observed: The magnitude of the superconducting gap maximizes at 10 meV exclusively for iron 3d xz,yz orbitals, while for others drops to 3 meV. Presented results imply that the relation between superconducting and magnetostructural transitions goes beyond simple competition for FS, and demonstrate importance of orbital physics in iron superconductors.
    Physical Review B 02/2014; 89(6):064514. DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.89.064514
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: SmB6, a well-known Kondo insulator, exhibits a transport anomaly at low temperature. This anomaly is usually attributed to states within the hybridization gap. Recent theoretical work and transport measurements suggest that these in-gap states could be ascribed to topological surface states, which would make SmB6 the first realization of topological Kondo insulator. Here by performing angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy experiments, we directly observe several dispersive states within the hybridization gap of SmB6. These states show negligible kz dependence, which indicates their surface origin. Furthermore, we perform photoemission circular dichroism experiments, which suggest that the in-gap states possess chirality of the orbital angular momentum. These states vanish simultaneously with the hybridization gap at around 150 K. Together, these observations suggest the possible topological origin of the in-gap states.
    Nature Communications 12/2013; 4:3010. DOI:10.1038/ncomms4010
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Mixed pinning landscapes in superconductors are emerging as an effective strategy to achieve high critical currents in high, applied magnetic fields. Here, we use heavy-ion and proton irradiation to create correlated and point defects to explore the vortex pinning behavior of each and combined constituent defects in the iron-based superconductor Ba0.6K0.4Fe2As2 and find that the pinning mechanisms are non-additive. The major effect of p-irradiation in mixed pinning landscapes is the generation of field-independent critical currents in very high fields. At 7 T ∥ c and 5 K, the critical current density exceeds 5 MA/cm2.
    Applied Physics Letters 11/2013; 103(20):202601-202601-5. DOI:10.1063/1.4829524
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We measured the in-plane optical conductivity of a nearly optimally doped (T-c = 39.1K) single crystal of Ba0.6K0.4Fe2As2. Upon entering the superconducting state the optical conductivity vanishes below similar to 20meV, indicating a fully gapped system. A quantitative modeling of the optical response of this material requires two different isotropic gaps, the larger of which dominates the London penetration depth. The temperature dependence of these gaps indicate a strong interband interaction, but no impurity-scattering-induced pair breaking is present. This contrasts to the large residual conductivity observed in optimally doped BaFe1.84Co0.08As2 and strongly supports an s +/- gap symmetry for both compounds. Copyright (C) EPLA, 2013
    EPL (Europhysics Letters) 11/2013; 104(4):47006. DOI:10.1209/0295-5075/104/47006
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The optical properties of Ba0.6K0.4Fe2As2 have been determined in the normal state for a number of temperatures over a wide frequency range. Two Drude terms, representing two groups of carriers with different scattering rates (1/τ), well describe the real part of the optical conductivity σ1(ω). A “broad” Drude component results in an incoherent background with a T-independent 1/τb, while a “narrow” Drude component reveals a T-linear 1/τn resulting in a resistivity ρn≡1/σ1n(ω→0) also linear in temperature. An arctan⁡(T) low-frequency spectral weight is also strong evidence for a T-linear 1/τ. A comparison to other materials with similar behavior suggests that the T-linear 1/τn and ρn in Ba0.6K0.4Fe2As2 originate from scattering from spin fluctuations and hence that an antiferromagnetic quantum critical point is likely to exist in the superconducting dome.
    Physical Review Letters 09/2013; 111(11). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.117001
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The London penetration depth was measured in optimally doped Ba0.6K0.4Fe2As2 crystals, with and without columnar defects produced by 1.4 GeV 208Pb irradiation. The low temperature behavior of unirradiated samples was consistent with a fully gapped superconducting state with a minimum energy gap Δ min/kBTC≈1. Similar gap values were observed for irradiation levels corresponding to mean column-column separations of 32 and 22 nm. At very high irradiation levels (column-column separation of 10 nm) a T2 power law was observed below TC/3, most likely due to elevated scattering. Neither the location nor the sharpness of the superconducting transition was affected by irradiation. The data provide evidence for an s+− pairing state.
    Physical review. B, Condensed matter 05/2013; 87(18). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.87.180502
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The magnetization around the superconducting transition was recently measured in a high-quality Ba1−x Kx Fe2As2 single crystal with magnetic fields applied along and transverse to the crystal Fe-layers [J. Mosqueira et al. in Phys. Rev. B 83:094519, 2011]. Here we extend this study to the finite-field (or Prange) regime, in which the magnetic susceptibility is expected to be strongly dependent on the applied magnetic field. These measurements are analyzed in the framework of the three-dimensional anisotropic Ginzburg–Landau (3D-aGL) approach generalized to the short-wavelength regime through the introduction of a total-energy cutoff in the fluctuation spectrum. The results further confirm the adequacy of GL approaches to describe the fluctuation effects close to the superconducting transition of these materials.
    Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism 04/2013; 26(4). DOI:10.1007/s10948-012-1862-0
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We used high-energy resolution angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy to extract the momentum dependence of the superconducting gap of Ru-substituted Ba(Fe0.75Ru0.25)2As2 (Tc=15 K). Despite a strong out-of-plane warping of the Fermi surface, the magnitude of the superconducting gap observed experimentally is nearly isotropic and independent of the out-of-plane momentum. More precisely, we respectively observed 5.7 and 4.5 meV superconducting gaps on the inner and outer Γ-centered hole Fermi surface pockets, whereas a 4.8 meV gap is recorded on the M-centered electron Fermi surface pockets. Our results are consistent with the J1-J2 model with a dominant antiferromagnetic exchange interaction between the next-nearest Fe neighbors.
    Physical Review B 03/2013; 87(9). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.87.094513
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We present the results of magnetoresistivity and magnetization measurements performed under pressure (P) on single crystals of Ba(Fe1-xCox)2As2 (x = 0, 0.042, 0.06, 0.08). Our results show that the antiferromagnetic phase macroscopically coexists with the superconducting phase and can be induced by the magnetic field locally nucleated in the vortex core for the x = 0.06 sample. In addition, the diamagnetic signal of the x = 0.06 sample shows a huge jump around P = 0.5 GPa, where the superconducting transition temperature displays a maximum. This suggests that a first order antiferromagnetic quantum phase transition (QPT) is present inside the superconducting dome, and that the superconductivity in this system is closely related to this QPT. A magnetic tricritical point is observed inside the superconducting dome, and no quantum critical point is expected in zero magnetic field.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We determined the optical conductivity of Bi2Sr2-xLaxCuO6 at dopings covering the phase diagram from the underdoped to the overdoped regimes. The frequency dependent scattering rate shows a pseudogap extending into the overdoped regime. We found that the effective mass enhancement calculated from the optical conductivity is constant throughout the phase diagram. Conversely, the effective optical charge density varies almost linearly with doping. Our results suggest that the low frequency electrodynamics of Bi2Sr2-xLaxCuO6 is not strongly affected by the long range Mott transition. [Y.M. Dai et al., Phys. Rev. B 85, 092504 (2012)].

Publication Stats

2k Citations
418.42 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2011–2015
    • Nanjing University
      • Department of Physics
      Nan-ching, Jiangsu Sheng, China
    • Chestnut Hill College
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • 2014
    • Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin
      Berlín, Berlin, Germany
  • 1995–2012
    • Chinese Academy of Sciences
      • • Institute of Physics
      • • National Laboratory for Superconductivity
      • • Condensed Matter Physics
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2008–2011
    • Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2007
    • Hefei Institute of Physical Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences
      Luchow, Anhui Sheng, China
  • 2003
    • University of Leuven
      Louvain, Flemish, Belgium
  • 1997
    • VU University Amsterdam
      • Department of Physics and Astronomy
      Amsterdam, North Holland, Netherlands