ABSTRACT: The uptake of chromate by the duckweed Spirodela polyrhiza was investigated with atomic absorption spectroscopy and the reduction of Cr(VI) to Cr(V) was measured using low frequency EPR spectroscopy. The biphasic kinetics of the uptake was fitted to parameters of a proposed kinetic model. Another model was developed to simulate chromate reduction. The first step of chromate reduction was found to be much faster than the uptake of Cr(VI) from the free space. Most probably, this step occurs already in the cell wall or on the cell membrane surface. Further reduction of Cr(V) to Cr(III) was estimated to be slower. The disappearance of the Cr(V) signal, following transfer of the plants into a Cr-free solution, lasted several tens of hours; the kinetics was mono- or biexponential depending on the length of Cr loading. The rate constants for Cr reduction in living plants were determined for the first time.
Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry 03/2000; 78(3):235-42. · 3.35 Impact Factor