Haitao Xu

Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Sheng, China

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Publications (7)14.12 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Aims: The G1249A variant of the multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (ABCC2) gene may be associated with the development of antiepileptic drug (AED) resistance. Although numerous studies have investigated the association between the G1249A variant and the risk of drug resistance in epilepsy, the results of these studies have been inconclusive. To assess the role of G1249A polymorphism in drug resistance in epilepsy, a meta-analysis was performed. Materials and Methods: We systematically reviewed relevant studies retrieved by the PubMed and Embase. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated based on the date extracted from the studies to evaluate the strength of association. We also analyzed the heterogeneity and sensitivity of each report and the publication bias of the studies. Results: A total of 6 published studies, involving 2213 patients (1100 patients with drug-resistant epilepsy and 1113 controls with drug-responsive epilepsy) were reviewed in the present meta-analysis. The overall results indicated that the variant genotypes were associated with a significantly decreased risk of AED resistance (AA vs. GG: OR=0.372, 95% CI=0.182-0.762; recessive model: OR=0.399, 95% CI=0.200-0.795) (fixed-effects model). A stratified analysis by ethnicity showed similar findings for Caucasians in an additive model (A vs. G: OR=0.700, 95% CI=0.494-0.992). Conclusions: The meta-analysis suggests that the ABCC2 G1249A polymorphism is significantly associated with a decreased risk of AED resistance. However, further functional investigations are warranted to validate the association.
    Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers 12/2013; · 1.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: For large (≥30 mm) or giant (≥40 mm) vestibular schwannomas (VSs) for which microsurgical removal is the main treatment option, complete tumour resection and the preservation of acceptable facial nerve function can be safely and successfully achieved via the retrosigmoid approach. We performed a meta-analysis to provide a reliable estimate of functional outcome and postoperative complications for patients treated surgically for large VSs. We conducted a comprehensive search in Pubmed, Embase and the Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) databases to identify publications that included only patients in whom the VSs were >3.0 cm in maximal diameter and microsurgically removed by a retrosigmoid approach. Pooled estimates of proportions with corresponding 95 % confidence intervals were calculated using the Freeman-Tukey double arcsine transformation. This meta-analysis revealed that the pooled proportion of gross total resections was 79.1 % (95 % CI, 64.2-90.8 %; I (2) = 95.4 %). By combining microsurgical techniques with continuous electrophysiological monitoring, the anatomical preservation of the facial nerve at the end of surgery was achieved in 88.8 % (95 % CI, 83.6-93.2 %; I (2) = 76.1 %) of the patients. The pooled proportion of good postoperative facial nerve function (House-Brackmann (HB) grades I-II) was 62.9 % (95 % CI, 50.0-74.9 %; I (2) = 91.1 %). Cerebrospinal fluid leakage was reported in 7.8 % (95 % CI, 4.8-11.4 %; I (2) = 49.8 %) of the patients. The mortality rate was 0.87 % (95 % CI, 0.22-1.78 %; I (2) = 4.9 %). Our meta-analysis revealed that for large VSs, very favourable results can be obtained using the retrosigmoid approach with minimal mortality, especially with respect to anatomical and functional facial nerve preservation.
    Neurosurgical Review 06/2013; · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Increasing evidence suggests that the DNA repair gene XRCC6 (Ku70) may be critically involved in the aetiology of the human carcinogenesis. Many studies have investigated the association between the rs2267437 polymorphism and cancer susceptibility. However, the results of these studies have been controversial. This meta-analysis was conducted to quantitatively summarize the evidence for a relationship between the rs2267437 polymorphism and cancer risk. Methods: Electronic databases, including PUBMED and EMBASE, were searched for publications that met the inclusion criteria. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to evaluate the strength of the association between the XRCC6 promoter rs2267437 polymorphism and cancer risk in a fixed-effects model (the Mantel-Haenszel method) or a random-effects model (the DerSimonian and Laird method), as appropriate. Results: A total of 13 case-control studies, involving 3675 cases and 4247 controls, investigating the XRCC6 rs2267437 polymorphism and cancer susceptibility were identified for the meta-analysis. The pooled analysis showed that there is a significant relationship between the XRCC6 rs2267437 polymorphism and cancer susceptibility (GG vs. CC: OR=1.28, 95% CI=1.03-1.60). Subgroup analyses based on the cancer type, ethnicity, and source of the controls were also performed, and these results indicated that the XRCC6 promoter rs2267437 polymorphism was associated with cancer risk in breast cancer studies (GG vs. CC: OR=1.79, 95% CI=1.25-2.56; GG vs. CG+CC: OR=1.40, 95% CI=1.01-1.95), in Asian populations (GG vs. CC: OR=1.33, 95% CI=1.01-1.74) and in population-based studies (GG vs. CC: OR=1.57, 95% CI=1.12-2.22; CG vs. CC: OR=1.35, 95% CI=1.11-1.64; GG+CG vs. CC: OR=1.37, 95% CI=1.14-1.65). Conclusion: This meta-analysis suggests that the XRCC6 rs2267437 polymorphism may affect breast cancer susceptibility and increase the risk of cancer in Asian populations and in the general population. It is critical that further large-scale and well-designed studies be conducted to confirm the association between the rs2267437 genotype and cancer risk.
    Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers 06/2013; · 1.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The MNS16A polymorphism in the telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) gene has been implicated in cancer risk in multiple populations and various types of cancers; however, the results of previous studies exploring this association were inconclusive. To more precisely evaluate the relationship between the TERT MNS16A polymorphism and cancer risk, we performed a meta-analysis based on 8 studies described in 7 articles comprising 7864 controls and 4355 cases. The summary odds ratios (ORs) and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated to assess the strength of the association in a fixed-effects model or a random-effects model where appropriate. Heterogeneity among articles and their publication bias were also tested. Overall, the pooled results indicated that the MNS16A polymorphism was significantly associated with increased cancer risk in the homozygote comparison model (SS vs. LL: OR=1.280, 95% CI 1.060-1.547) and the recessive model (SS vs. LL+SL: OR=1.201, 95% CI 1.004-1.436). In the stratified analyses, a statistically significant association was observed among Caucasians and in population-based studies. We also performed the analyses by cancer type, and a significantly increased risk of glioma was found in four genetic models. Our results suggest that the TERT MNS16A polymorphism most likely contributes to an increased risk of cancer. Moreover, the same relationship was found when the studies were stratified by cancer type, ethnicity and source of controls.
    Gene 02/2013; · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Isocitrate dehydrogenase isoforms 1 and 2 (IDH1 and IDH2) mutations have received considerable attention since the discovery of their relation with human gliomas. The predictive value of IDH1 and IDH2 mutations in gliomas remains controversial. Here, we present the results of a meta-analysis of the associations between IDH mutations and both progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in gliomas. The interrelationship between the IDH mutations and MGMT promoter hypermethylation, EGFR amplification, codeletion of chromosomes 1p/19q and TP53 gene mutation were also revealed. An electronic literature search of public databases (PubMed, Embase databases) was performed. In total, 10 articles, including 12 studies in English, with 2,190 total cases were included in the meta-analysis. The IDH mutations were frequent in WHO grade II and III glioma (59.5%) and secondary glioblastomas (63.4%) and were less frequent in primary glioblastomas (7.13%). Our study provides evidence that IDH mutations are tightly associated with MGMT promoter hypermethylation (P<0.001), 1p/19q codeletion (P<0.001) and TP53 gene mutation (P<0.001) but are mutually exclusive with EGFR amplification (P<0.001). This meta-analysis showed that the combined hazard ratio (HR) estimate for overall survival and progression-free survival in patients with IDH mutations was 0.33 (95% CI: 0.25-0.42) and 0.38 (95% CI: 0.21-0.68), compared with glioma patients whose tumours harboured the wild-type IDH. Subgroup analyses based on tumour grade also revealed that the presence of IDH mutations was associated with a better outcome. Our study suggests that IDH mutations, which are closely linked to the genomic profile of gliomas, are potential prognostic biomarkers for gliomas.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(7):e68782. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: ABCG2, also known as BCRP, is a half ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter that localizes to plasma membranes. Recently, a number of studies have investigated the relationship between the C421A polymorphism in ABCG2 and cancer risk in multiple populations and various types of cancers; however, this relationship remains unclear. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to further explore this association. METHODS: The meta-analysis incorporated 10 studies involving a total of 3593 cases and 5875 controls. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated based on the date extracted from the studies to evaluate the strength of association. We also analyzed the heterogeneity and sensitivity of each report and the publication bias of the studies. RESULTS: Overall, our results showed that there appeared to be a significant association between the ABCG2 C421A polymorphism and decreased cancer susceptibility (heterozygote-AC versus CC: OR = 0.759, 95%CI = 0.620-0.930; dominant effects model-AA/AC versus CC: OR = 0.771, 95%CI = 0.634-0.938; additive effects model-A allele versus C allele: OR = 0.809, 95%CI = 0.687-0.952). Similarly, decreased cancer risk was also found after stratification of the SNP data by cancer type, ethnicity and source of controls in heterozygote model, dominant effects model and additive effects model. CONCLUSIONS: We found that the ABCG2 C421A polymorphism is a protective factor for developing cancer. The same relationship was found when the studies were stratified by cancer type, ethnicity and source of controls.
    BMC Cancer 09/2012; 12(1):383. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are gene regulators involved in numerous diseases including cancer, heart disease, neurological disorders, vascular abnormalities and autoimmune conditions. Although hsa-mir-499 rs3746444 polymorphism was shown to contribute to the susceptibility of multiple genes to cancer, the data have yielded conflicting results. Therefore, this meta-analysis was performed to provide a comprehensive assessment of potential association between hsa-mir-499 rs3746444 polymorphism and cancer risk. In this meta-analysis, a total of 9 articles regarding 10 eligible case-control studies in English (including 6134 cases and 7141 controls) were analyzed. No significant association between hsa-mir-499 rs3746444 polymorphism and overall cancer risk was demonstrated. However, an increased risk was observed in the subgroup of breast cancer patients (G allele vs A allele: OR = 1.10, 95% CI = 1.00-1.20; P heterogeneity = 0.114; I (2) = 53.9%) and population-based studies (G allele vs A allele: OR = 1.12, 95% CI = 1.00-1.25; P heterogeneity = 0.062; I (2) = 64.0%). The findings suggested an association between hsa-mir-499 rs3746444 polymorphism and increased risk to breast cancer.
    Journal of biomedical research. 07/2012; 26(4):253-9.