ABSTRACT: The following case study is presented to highlight the importance of consistency in identifying and treating oppositional defiant disorder in a pediatric patient with a life-threatening medical illness. A pediatric transplant patient's oppositional behaviors are described, as well as the educational behavioral training program provided to the patient's caregivers and medical staff. As a result of the training, the patient engaged in less oppositional behavior, was more cooperative and pleasant with staff, and was more compliant with her treatment. Subjective reports from caregivers indicated that the training with its emphasis on consistency effectively reduced the patient's symptoms and enhanced the caregivers' ability to care for the patient.
Journal of pediatric nursing 10/2012; 27(5):557-62.