Fanyun Kong

Xuzhou Medical College, Suchow, Jiangsu Sheng, China

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Publications (2)4.28 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a devastating complication of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), and is characterized by systemic inflammation and tissue damage in multiple organs, such as the liver and small intestine. Interleukin-18 (IL-18), an important pro-inflammatory cytokine, is elevated during the course of acute GVHD (aGVHD), and is associated with the severe clinical manifestations of the disease. The biological activity of IL-18 is based on its interaction with the IL-18 receptor (IL-18R) expressed in a variety of cells. The aim of this study was to assess whether blocking the interaction of IL-18 with IL-18R by the anti-IL‑18Rα antibody could attenuate the severity of aGVHD. We used a well-established mouse bone marrow transplantation (BMT) model (B6→BALB/c) to block the IL-18/IL-18R interaction by a neutralizing monoclonal antibody (mAb) against murine IL-18Rα. Administration of anti-IL-18Rα mAb had a significant protective effect on the clinical and pathologic manifestations of aGVHD, resulting in a markedly improved survival rate, modified inflammatory response and decreased tissue damage. Interfering with IL-18/IL-18R interaction affected levels of Th1, Th2 and Th17 subsets in the peripheral blood of the aGVHD animals. Additionally, it led to decreased tissue expression of IL-18 and apoptosis-associated molecules (Fas and FasL), and lower phosphorylation levels of p38MAPK in the liver and small intestine. These changes coincided with the decrease in cell apoptosis in aGVHD target organs. Thus, anti‑IL-18Rα therapy may, therefore, represent a new therapeutic interference approach for treating aGVHD.
    Oncology Reports 08/2015; DOI:10.3892/or.2015.4176 · 2.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatitis B virus X protein (HBx) has been shown to be responsible for the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) caused by Hepatitis B virus infection. However, its potential effect on the progression of hepatocellular carcinoma remains yet unclear. LIM and SH3 protein 1 (LASP-1), a focal adhesion protein, is expressed in an up-regulation manner in the HCC tissues. LASP-1 plays an important role in the regulation of proliferation and migration of HCC. In this study, we investigated the effect of LASP-1 involved in HBx-related tumor progression. LASP-1 levels in the HBx stable transfected HepG2 and Huh-7 cells were detected by RT-PCR and western blot analysis. The cellular localization of LASP-1 was assessed by immunofluorescence analysis. The activity of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-K) pathway was demonstrated by western blot assay. The HBx-expressing cells were transfected with specific small interference RNA (siRNA) against LASP-1. The proliferation and migration ability of cells were evaluated by cell viability assay and plate clone formation assay. The migration ability of cells was detected by transwell assay and wound healing assay. RT-PCR and western blot analysis indicated the expression of LASP-1 was increased in the stable HBx-expressing cells compared with the control cells. Immunofluorescence study revealed that the distributions of LASP-1 in HepG2-HBX cells were mainly in pseudopods and the cytoplasm while they were mainly localized in the cytoplasm of HepG2-Mock cells. The cellular localizations of LASP-1 in Huh-7-HBX cells were in the perinuclear fractions while they were mainly localized in the cytoplasm of Huh-7-Mock cells. The upregulation of LASP-1 was inhibited after treatment with LY294002, PI3-K pathway inhibitor. Overexpression of LASP-1 in the stable HBx-expressing cells enhanced the proliferation and migration ability of hepatocellular cells. siRNA-mediated LASP-1 knowdown in the stable HBx-expressing cells significantly suppressed hepatocellular cells proliferation and migration. These results demonstrated that HBx could upregulate LASP-1 through PI3-K pathway to promote the proliferation and migration of hepatoma cells.
    Virology Journal 08/2012; 9:163. DOI:10.1186/1743-422X-9-163 · 2.09 Impact Factor