Alberto Zambelli

Fondazione Salvatore Maugeri IRCCS, Ticinum, Lombardy, Italy

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Publications (2)10.14 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Triple negative breast cancers, which are defined by lack of expression of estrogen, progesterone, or HER2 receptors, represent approximately 15% of all breast cancers, although they account for a much higher proportional of breast cancer mortality. This is due both to their innate aggressive biological characteristics, but also to lack of effective therapies. Conventional chemotherapy is currently the only treatment option, thus there is a critical need to find new and effective targeted therapies in this disease. While investigation of agents such as poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors and EGFR inhibitors continues, results from recent clinical trials indicate that these therapies are not as active in sporadic triple negative breast cancers as initially hoped. It is important therefore to consider other emerging therapeutic agents. Mutation in p53 is found in the vast majority of triple negative breast cancers, and as such is a target of particular interest. Within this review, several agents with potential activity against aberrant p53 signaling have been considered, as a novel approach to finding an effective targeted therapy for this aggressive breast cancer subtype.
    Cancer Treatment Reviews 01/2013; · 6.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The present study is aimed to identify genetic pathways correlated with chemoresistance in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). METHODS: We compared the molecular profiles of 23 tumour biopsies of stage III-IV (training set) at primary surgery, before chemotherapy, to the profile from the same patients at second surgery, after several lines of platinum (Pt)-based chemotherapy when the tumours were resistant. In the hypothesis that identified markers were related to Pt-resistance and to prognosis, we validated this signature in 52 EOC taken at primary surgery (validation set) selected to be either very sensitive to the first line therapy, i.e. not relapsing before one year from the end of therapy, or resistant, i.e. relapsing within 6months from the end of therapy. RESULTS: In the training set, we identified a resistance signature indicative of the activation of epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) by transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta pathway. We then validated this signature in 52 EOC taken at primary surgery (validation set). Some genes involved in EMT, such as BMP and activin membrane-bound inhibitor (BAMBI), and mir-141 resulted in association with overall or progression free survival. CONCLUSION: Some genes involved in EMT were associated to overall or progression free survival, suggesting EMT as vital to the resistance mechanisms.
    European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990) 08/2012; · 4.12 Impact Factor