Yizhen Xie

Guangdong Detection Center of Microbiology, Shengcheng, Guangdong, China

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Publications (4)17.28 Total impact

  • Chun Xiao · Qingping Wu · Yizhen Xie · Jumei Zhang · Jianbin Tan ·
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    ABSTRACT: Our laboratory has previously demonstrated that Grifola frondosa polysaccharides (GFPs) showed hypoglycemic effects. This study aimed to investigate which polysaccharide-enriched fractions of GFPs were the main active constituents, and to disclose their hypoglycemic mechanism. F2 and F3 were obtained from GFPs and their hypoglycemic effects were investigated. Fasting serum glucose (FSG) levels, fasting serum insulin (FSI) levels and a homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) were measured, and the hepatic mRNA levels of insulin receptor (IR), insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1), protein tyrosine phosphatase-1B (PTP1B), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and Akt/protein kinase B (PKB) were determined by a quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). The activity of IR and IRS-1 were determined by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and their phospho-protein levels were analyzed with western blotting. F2 and F3 significantly decreased the levels of FSG, FSI and HOMA-IR compared with a diabetic control group (P < 0.05). F2 and F3 increased the activity and mRNA levels of IR, and the latter also increased the mRNA levels of IRS-1. As for the protein levels of phospho-IR and IRS-1, both F2 and F3 increased the protein levels of IR (Try 1361), but decreased IRS-1 (Ser307). In the PI3K/Akt pathway, F3 increased the mRNA levels of PI3K and Akt, however, F2 inhibited PTP1B expression. F2 and F3 are presumed to cause an improvement in insulin resistance, triggered by the reactivation of IR and IRS-1.
    08/2015; 6(11). DOI:10.1039/c5fo00497g
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    ABSTRACT: Medicinal mushrooms in recent years have been the subject of many experiments searching for anticancer properties. We previously screened thirteen mushrooms for their potential in inhibiting tumor growth, and found that the water extract of Amauroderma rude exerted the highest activity. Previous studies have shown that the polysaccharides contained in the water extract were responsible for the anticancer properties. This study was designed to explore the potential effects of the polysaccharides on immune regulation and tumor growth. Using the crude Amauroderma rude extract, in vitro experiments showed that the capacities of spleen lymphocytes, macrophages, and natural killer cells were all increased. In vivo experiments showed that the extract increased macrophage metabolism, lymphocyte proliferation, and antibody production. In addition, the partially purified product stimulated the secretion of cytokines in vitro, and in vivo. Overall, the extract decreased tumor growth rates. Lastly, the active compound was purified and identified as polysaccharide F212. Most importantly, the purified polysaccharide had the highest activity in increasing lymphocyte proliferation. In summary, this molecule may serve as a lead compound for drug development.
    Oncotarget 07/2015; 6(19):17777-91. DOI:10.18632/oncotarget.4397 · 6.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have previously screened thirteen medicinal mushrooms for their potential anti-cancer activities in eleven different cell lines and found that the extract of Amauroderma rude exerted the highest capacity in inducing cancer cell death. The current study aimed to purify molecules mediating the anti-cancer cell activity. The extract of Amauroderma rude was subject to fractionation, silica gel chromatography, and HPLC. We purified a compound and identified it as ergosterol by EI-MS and NMR, which was expressed at the highest level in Amauroderma rude compared with other medicinal mushrooms tested. We found that ergosterol induced cancer cell death, which was time and concentration dependent. In the in vivo experiment, normal mice were injected with murine cancer cell line B16 that is very aggressive and caused mouse death severely. We found that treatment with ergosterol prolonged mouse survival. We found that ergosterol-mediated suppression of breast cancer cell viability occurred through apoptosis and that ergosterol up-regulated expression of the tumor suppressor Foxo3. In addition, the Foxo3 down-stream signaling molecules Fas, FasL, BimL, and BimS were up-regulated leading to apoptosis in human breast cancer cells MDA-MB-231. Our results suggest that ergosterol is the main anti-cancer ingredient in Amauroderma rude, which activated the apoptotic signal pathway. Ergosterol may serve as a potential lead for cancer therapy.
    Oncotarget 05/2015; 6(19). DOI:10.18632/oncotarget.4026 · 6.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The let-7 family contains 12 members, which share identical seed regions, suggesting that they may target the same mRNAs. It is essential to develop a means that can regulate the functions of all members. Using a DNA synthesis technique, we have generated an anti-let-7 sponge aiming to modulate the function of all members. We found that products of the anti-let-7 construct could bind and inactivate all members of the let-7 family, producing decoy and decay effects. To test the role of the anti-let-7 sponge, we stably expressed the anti-let-7 construct in two types of cells, the breast carcinoma cells MT-1 and the oldest and most commonly used human cervical cancer cell line, HeLa cells. We found that expression of anti-let-7 increased cell survival, invasion and adhesion, which corroborate with known functions of let-7 family members. We further identified a novel target site across all species of the let-7 family in hyaluronan synthase 2 (HAS2). HAS2 overexpression produced similar effects as the anti-let-7 sponge. Silencing HAS2 expression by siRNAs produced opposite effects to anti-let-7 on cell survival and invasion. The ability of anti-let-7 to regulate multiple members of the let-7 family allows us to observe their multiple functions using a single reagent. This approach can be applied to other family members with conserved sequences.
    Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.) 08/2012; 11(16):3097-108. DOI:10.4161/cc.21503 · 4.57 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

25 Citations
17.28 Total Impact Points


  • 2015
    • Guangdong Detection Center of Microbiology
      Shengcheng, Guangdong, China