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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Caspase 3 associated with apoptosis and inflammation plays a key role in ischemia-reperfusion injury. The efficacy of naked caspase 3 small interfering RNA (siRNA) has been proved in an isolated porcine kidney perfusion model but not in autotransplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The left kidney was retrieved from mini pigs and infused with the University of Wisconsin solution with or without 0.3mg of caspase 3 siRNA into the renal artery with the renal artery and vein clamped for 24-h cold storage (CS). After right nephrectomy, the left kidney was autotransplanted into the right for 48h without systemic treatment of siRNA. RESULTS: Fluorescent dye-labeled caspase 3 siRNA was visualized in the post-CS kidneys but was weakened after transplantation. The expression of caspase 3 messenger RNA and precursor was downregulated by siRNA in the post-CS kidneys. In the siRNA-preserved posttransplant kidneys, however, the caspase 3 messenger RNA and active subunit were upregulated with further decreased precursor but increased active caspase 3+ cells, apoptotic cells, and myeloperoxidase+ cells. Moreover, the renal tissue damage was aggravated by siRNA, whereas the renal function was not significantly changed. CONCLUSIONS: Naked caspase 3 siRNA administered into the kidney was effective in cold preservation but not enough to protect posttransplant kidneys, which might be because of systemic complementary responses overcoming local effects.
Journal of Surgical Research 07/2012; · 2.02 Impact Factor