ABSTRACT: Objective: To examine the independent association of gender with injury severity, clinical course, pituitary dysfunction and outcome after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Design: Prospective cohort, analysis of a data sub-set collected as part of the nation-wide database 'The Structured Data Assessment of Hypopituitarism after TBI and SAH'. Methods and procedures: Four hundred and twenty-seven patients following TBI were observed from acute care through neurological rehabilitation. Outcome was measured by Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS), employment status and living situation post-injury. As a secondary outcome measure anterior pituitary function was assessed. Results: There were no differences in injury severity between men and women. Age had a significant effect on the GCS score (p = 0.0295), but gender did not (p = 0.4105). The outcome was equivalent between men and women once corrected for age. Logistic regression revealed that gender had no effect (p = 0.8008), but age (p = 0.0021) and initial injury severity (p = 0.0010) had an effect on the GOS. After correcting for pre-injury living situation and employment only initial injury severity (p = 0.0005) influenced GOS. Pituitary insufficiency was not affected by sex or age. Conclusion: Gender does not seem to influence the course and outcome of TBI. Outcome parameters were affected foremost by initial injury severity and by age, but not by sex.
Brain Injury 08/2012; 26(11):1360-71. · 1.36 Impact Factor