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ABSTRACT: Tumor-stroma ratio (TSR) has been identified as a new and practicable prognostic histological characteristic of solid tumors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of TSR in resected esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).
A total of 95 patients who underwent esophagectomy for ESCC were included in this study. TSR was assessed visually on the hematoxylin-eosin-stained tissue sections of surgical specimens by two independent observers. Patients with more than 50% intratumor stroma were quantified as the stroma-rich group and those with less than 50% as the stroma-poor group.
No significant differences were observed in patient, tumor, and treatment characteristics between the stroma-rich and stroma-poor groups. The 3-year overall survival and disease-free survival rates were 64% and 57%, respectively, in the stroma-poor group, and 23% and 23%, respectively, in the stroma-rich group. Both 3-year overall and disease-free survival rates in the stroma-poor group were significantly better than those in the stroma-rich group (p < 0.01). In a multivariate analysis, TSR was identified as a highly significant prognostic factor for 3-year overall survival (hazard ratio 3.450; p = 0.001) and 3-year disease-free survival (hazard ratio 2.995; p = 0.001), independent of pTNM stage and radicality of the primary tumor.
Stroma-rich tumors were associated with poor prognosis and an increased risk of relapse, which may serve as a new prognostic histological characteristic in ESCC. TSR is simple and quick to determine, is reproducible, and could be easily incorporated in routine histological evaluation.
Journal of thoracic oncology: official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer 07/2012; 7(9):1457-61. DOI:10.1097/JTO.0b013e318260dfe8 · 5.80 Impact Factor