Maria G Tektonidou

National Technical University of Athens, Athínai, Attica, Greece

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Publications (46)243.01 Total impact

  • Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We performed an individual patient meta-analysis to determine whether aspirin has a significant protective effect on the risk of first thrombosis among patients with antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). Five international cohort studies with available individual patient-level data, reporting on primary prophylaxis with continuous treatment with low-dose aspirin in patients with aPL were included. The main outcome was the occurrence of a first thrombotic in patients with aPL treated with low-dose aspirin compared to those not treated with low-dose aspirin. Pooled Hazard Ratios (HRs) and 95%CIs were calculated using frailty models. We pooled data from 497 subjects and 79 first thrombotic events (3469 patient-years of follow-up). After adjustment on cardiovascular risk factors, aPL profiles, and treatment with hydroxychloroquine, the HR for the risk of a first thrombosis of any type in aPL carriers treated with low-dose aspirin versus those not treated with aspirin was 0.43 (95%CI 0.25–0.75). Subgroup analysis showed a protective effect of aspirin against arterial (HR: 0.43 [95%CI: 0.20–0.93]) but not venous (HR: 0.49 [95%CI: 0.22–1.11]) thrombosis. Subgroup analysis according to underlying disease revealed a protective effect of aspirin against arterial thrombosis for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) (HR: 0.43 [95%CI: 0.20–0.94]) and asymptomatic aPL carriers (HR: 0.43 [95%CI 0.20–0.93]). We found no independent protective effect of hydroxychloroquine. This individual patient data meta-analysis shows that the risk of first thrombotic event as well of first arterial thrombotic event is significantly decreased among SLE patients and asymptomatic aPL individuals treated by low-dose aspirin.
    Autoimmunity Reviews. 10/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Antiphospholipid Syndrome (APS) is characterized by vascular thrombosis and/or pregnancy morbidity occurring in patients with persistent antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). The primary objective of the APS Treatment Trends Task Force, created as part of the 14th International Congress on aPL, was to systematically review the potential future treatment strategies for aPL-positive patients. The task force chose as future clinical research directions: a) determining the necessity for venous thrombosis controlled clinical trials with the new oral direct thrombin or anti-Factor Xa inhibitors pending the results of ongoing rivaroxaban in APS (RAPS) trial, and designing controlled clinical trials in other forms of thrombotic APS; b) systematically analyzing the literature as well as aPL/APS registries, and creating specific registries for non warfarin/heparin anticoagulants; c) increasing recruitment for an ongoing primary thrombosis prevention trial, and designing secondary thrombosis and pregnancy morbidity prevention trials with hydroxychloroquine; d) determining surrogate markers to select patients for statin trials; e) designing controlled studies with rituximab and other anti B-cell agents; f) designing mechanistic and clinical studies with eculizumab and other complement inhibitors; and g) chemically modifying peptide therapy to improve the half-life and minimize immunogenicity. The report also includes recommendations for clinicians who consider using these agents in difficult-to-manage aPL-positive patients.
    Autoimmunity reviews 01/2014; · 6.37 Impact Factor
  • La Revue de Médecine Interne 12/2013; 34:A48-A49. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We performed a meta-analysis to determine whether aspirin has a significant protective effect on risk of first thrombosis among patients with antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL+). Observational and interventional studies identified from the Medline, Embase and Cochrane databases were selected if they assessed the incidence of first thrombosis in aPL+patients treated with aspirin versus those without. Pooled effect estimates were obtained using a random-effects model. Of 1211 citation retrieved, 11 primary studies (10 observational and 1 interventional) met inclusion criteria, including a total of 1208 patients and 139 thrombotic events. The pooled odds ratio (OR) for the risk of first thrombosis in patients treated with aspirin (n=601) was 0.50 (95%CI: 0.27 to 0.93) compared to those without aspirin (n=607), with significant heterogeneity across studies (I(2)=46%, p=0.05). Subgroup analysis showed a protective effect of aspirin against arterial (OR: 0.48 [95%CI: 0.28-0.82]) but not venous (OR: 0.58 [95% CI: 0.32-1.06]) thrombosis, as well as in retrospective (OR: 0.23 [0.13-0.42]) but not prospective studies (OR: 0.91 [0.52-1.59]). Subgroup analysis according to underlying disease revealed a significant protective effect of aspirin for asymptomatic aPL+individuals (OR: 0.50 [0.25-0.99]), for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) (OR: 0.55 [0.31-0.98]) and obstetrical antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) (OR: 0.25 [0.10-0.62]). This meta-analysis shows that the risk of first thrombotic event is significantly decreased by low dose aspirin among asymptomatic aPL individuals, patients with SLE or obstetrical APS. Importantly, no significant risk reduction was observed when considering only prospective studies or those with the best methodological quality.
    Autoimmunity reviews 11/2013; · 6.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives. The objectives of this study are to examine the efficacy and safety of low-dose aspirin (LDA) vs LDA plus low-intensity warfarin (LDA + W) in the primary thrombosis prevention of aPL-positive patients with SLE and/or obstetric morbidity and the role of clinical and serological markers in the development of thrombosis.Methods. In this 5-year prospective, randomized, open, controlled trial, 166 patients with aPL were randomly assigned using a minimization protocol to receive treatment with LDA (n = 82) or LDA + W [international normalized ratio (INR) = 1.5] (n = 84). Sixty-six patients who declined randomization were followed up in an observational arm. Clinical and laboratory characteristics and medication side effects were recorded.Results. There were no differences in the number of thromboses between patients treated with LDA (4/82) or LDA + W (4/84) [hazard ratio (HR) 1.07, 95% CI 0.27, 4.3]. The incidence of thrombosis in the randomized patients was 8/166 (1.8 events/100 person-years) (HR 1.07, 95% CI 0.27, 4.3) and in the observational arm was 7/66 (4.9 events/100 person-years) (HR 2.43, 95% CI 0.87, 6.79). Sixty-five of 66 patients included in the observational arm received LDA. None of the examined clinical or serological factors appeared to predict thrombosis. Medication side effects included mild gastrointestinal symptoms in the LDA group (n = 2) and bleeding in the LDA + W group (n = 11; 1 nasal and 10 menorrhagia). The risk difference for bleeding was 13% (CI 6, 20).Conclusion. No differences in the number of thromboses were observed between patients treated with LDA vs those treated with LDA + W. More episodes of bleeding were detected in the LDA + W group. The LDA + W regime was significantly less safe and not as acceptable as LDA alone.Trial registration. ISRCTN81818945; http://isrctn.org/.
    Rheumatology (Oxford, England) 10/2013; · 4.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Relapsing catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome potential role of microangiopathic hemolytic anemia in disease relapses. Espinosa G, Rodríguez-Pintó I, Gomez-Puerta JA, Pons-Estel G, Cervera R; Catastrophic Antiphospholipid Syndrome (CAPS) Registry Project Group (European Forum on Antiphospholipid Antibodies). Collaborators (69)Cervera R, Espinosa G, Rodríguez I, Piette JC, Shoenfeld Y, Abu- Shakra M, Allievi A, Amigo MC, Barile-Fabris L, Boffa JJ, Boffa MC, Chávez I, Chapman J, Davidson C, Denes AE, Derenne S, Derksen RH, Coto JF, Disdier P, Egan RM, Ehrenfeld M, Sheba C, Enriquez R, Erkan D, Falcini F, Fang LS, García-Carrasco M, Gomez-Puerta JA, Grandone JT, Gurjal A, Hayem G, Hughes GR, Inam S, Kant KS, Khamashta MA, Thomas S, Kupferminc MJ, de Larrañaga G, Levy RA, Lockshin MD, Lui SF, Maddison PJ, Mekori YA, Menahem S, Miyamae T, Moore J, Moutsopoulos HM, Muñoz-Rodríguez FJ, Musial J, Nakajima A, Neuwelt MC, Parke A, Praprotnik S, Roca B, Rojas-Rodriguez J, Roldan R, Sawitzke AD, Schaar CG, Sipek-Dolnicar A, Spyropoulos AC, Sinico R, Stojanovich L, Tan D, Tektonidou M, Vasconcelos C, Veloso MP, Wislowska M, Yinh J, You W. SourceDepartment of Autoimmune Diseases, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. gespino@clinic.ub.es Abstract OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients with catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) who suffer relapses. METHODS: We analyzed the Web site--based international registry of patients with catastrophic APS ("CAPS Registry") http://infmed.fcrb.es/es/web/caps and selected those cases that relapsed. RESULTS: Relapses were reported in 9 of 282 (3.2%) patients with catastrophic APS. A total of 35 episodes of catastrophic APS were found: 6 patients presented 2 relapses, 2 patients suffered 3 relapses, and 1 patient developed 17 relapses. However, the last patient was not included in the statistical analysis because his clinical and immunologic characteristics were not fully described. Therefore, a total of 18 episodes were analyzed. In 9 (50%) episodes, a precipitating factor was identified. The most frequent precipitating factor, found in 5 (28%) episodes, was infection. Brain, kidney, heart, and lung were the most common organs involved. Laboratory features of microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (MHA) were present in 13 of 18 (72%) episodes (definitive in 9, corresponding to 4 patients, and probable in 4, corresponding to 2 patients). Three relapses did not present with features of MHA and in the remaining 2 these data were not reported. The mortality rate was 38%. CONCLUSIONS: Although relapses are rare in patients with catastrophic APS, these results support the hypothesis that an association between MHA and relapsing of catastrophic APS could be present. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism 07/2013; · 3.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To develop recommendations for the management of adult and paediatric lupus nephritis (LN). The available evidence was systematically reviewed using the PubMed database. A modified Delphi method was used to compile questions, elicit expert opinions and reach consensus. Immunosuppressive treatment should be guided by renal biopsy, and aiming for complete renal response (proteinuria <0.5 g/24 h with normal or near-normal renal function). Hydroxychloroquine is recommended for all patients with LN. Because of a more favourable efficacy/toxicity ratio, as initial treatment for patients with class III-IV(A) or (A/C) (±V) LN according to the International Society of Nephrology/Renal Pathology Society 2003 classification, mycophenolic acid (MPA) or low-dose intravenous cyclophosphamide (CY) in combination with glucocorticoids is recommended. In patients with adverse clinical or histological features, CY can be prescribed at higher doses, while azathioprine is an alternative for milder cases. For pure class V LN with nephrotic-range proteinuria, MPA in combination with oral glucocorticoids is recommended as initial treatment. In patients improving after initial treatment, subsequent immunosuppression with MPA or azathioprine is recommended for at least 3 years; in such cases, initial treatment with MPA should be followed by MPA. For MPA or CY failures, switching to the other agent, or to rituximab, is the suggested course of action. In anticipation of pregnancy, patients should be switched to appropriate medications without reducing the intensity of treatment. There is no evidence to suggest that management of LN should differ in children versus adults. Recommendations for the management of LN were developed using an evidence-based approach followed by expert consensus.
    Annals of the rheumatic diseases 07/2012; 71(11):1771-82. · 8.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the MAINTAIN Nephritis Trial, azathioprine (AZA) and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) were compared as maintenance immunosuppressive treatment of proliferative lupus nephritis (LN) after a short-course of intravenous cyclophosphamide. Here, we compare the pathological findings on repeat kidney biopsies between the two groups. Per protocol, repeat renal biopsies were obtained in 30 patients (16 AZA and 14 MMF) at 2 years (±6 months). Baseline and follow-up biopsies were graded according to the International Society of Nephrology/Renal Pathological Society (ISN/RPS) classification. The activity and chronicity indices (AI, CI) were calculated using two different semiquantitative scoring systems (Morel-Maroger and National Institutes of Health). Statistics were performed by non-parametric tests. The clinical characteristics of the 30 re-biopsied patients only marginally differ from the entire MAINTAIN cohort (105 patients). Clinical baseline and follow-up characteristics of AZA- and MMF-treated re-biopsied patients did not differ. Time (SD) to repeat renal biopsy was 25.0 (2.0) and 26.5 (3.3) months in AZA and MMF patients, respectively. More patients had normal renal biopsies or Classes I/II/V LN at follow-up compared to baseline and conversely, less patients had Class IV LN at follow-up. In both groups, the AI statistically decreased at follow-up compared to baseline, while the CI slightly, but significantly, increased. No differences could be detected between the groups. Centralized pathological analyses, including ISN/RPS classification and comparisons of AI/CI, failed to find differences between MMF and AZA at 2 years, a result well in line with the absence of difference in long-term clinical outcome reported elsewhere.
    Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 11/2011; 27(5):1924-30. · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objectives of the 'Task Force on Catastrophic Antiphospholipid Syndrome (APS) and Non-criteria APS Manifestations' were to assess the clinical utility of the international consensus statement on classification criteria and treatment guidelines for the catastrophic APS, to identify and grade the studies that analyse the relationship between the antiphospholipid antibodies and the non-criteria APS manifestations and to present the current evidence regarding the accuracy of these non-criteria APS manifestations for the detection of patients with APS. This article summarizes the studies analysed on the catastrophic APS, APS nephropathy and heart valve lesions, and presents the recommendations elaborated by the Task Force after this analysis.
    Lupus 01/2011; 20(2):165-73. · 2.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objectives of the 'Task Force on Catastrophic Antiphospholipid Syndrome (APS) and Non-criteria APS Manifestations' were to assess the clinical utility of the international consensus statement on classification criteria and treatment guidelines for the catastrophic APS, to identify and grade the studies that analyze the relationship between the antiphospholipid antibodies and the non-criteria APS manifestations, and to present the current evidence regarding the accuracy of these non-criteria APS manifestations for the detection of patients with APS. This article summarizes the studies analyzed on thrombocytopenia and skin manifestations, and presents the recommendations elaborated by the Task Force after this analysis.
    Lupus 01/2011; 20(2):174-81. · 2.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is defined by the presence of thrombosis and/or pregnancy morbidity in combination with the persistent presence of circulating antiphospholipid antibodies: lupus anticoagulant, anticardiolipin antibodies and/or anti-β2-glycoprotein I antibodies in medium to high titers. The management of thrombosis in patients with APS is a subject of controversy. This set of recommendations is the result of an effort to produce guidelines for therapy within a group of specialist physicians in Cardiology, Neurology, Hematology, Rheumatology and Internal Medicine, with a clinical and research focus on APS.
    Lupus 01/2011; 20(2):206-18. · 2.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Long-term immunosuppressive treatment does not efficiently prevent relapses of lupus nephritis (LN). This investigator-initiated randomised trial tested whether mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) was superior to azathioprine (AZA) as maintenance treatment. A total of 105 patients with lupus with proliferative LN were included. All received three daily intravenous pulses of 750 mg methylprednisolone, followed by oral glucocorticoids and six fortnightly cyclophosphamide intravenous pulses of 500 mg. Based on randomisation performed at baseline, AZA (target dose: 2 mg/kg/day) or MMF (target dose: 2 g/day) was given at week 12. Analyses were by intent to treat. Time to renal flare was the primary end point. Mean (SD) follow-up of the intent-to-treat population was 48 (14) months. The baseline clinical, biological and pathological characteristics of patients allocated to AZA or MMF did not differ. Renal flares were observed in 13 (25%) AZA-treated and 10 (19%) MMF-treated patients. Time to renal flare, to severe systemic flare, to benign flare and to renal remission did not statistically differ. Over a 3-year period, 24 h proteinuria, serum creatinine, serum albumin, serum C3, haemoglobin and global disease activity scores improved similarly in both groups. Doubling of serum creatinine occurred in four AZA-treated and three MMF-treated patients. Adverse events did not differ between the groups except for haematological cytopenias, which were statistically more frequent in the AZA group (p=0.03) but led only one patient to drop out. Fewer renal flares were observed in patients receiving MMF but the difference did not reach statistical significance.
    Annals of the rheumatic diseases 12/2010; 69(12):2083-9. · 8.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To develop recommendations for the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (NPSLE) manifestations. The authors compiled questions on prevalence and risk factors, diagnosis and monitoring, therapy and prognosis of NPSLE. A systematic literature search was performed and evidence was categorised based on sample size and study design. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients are at increased risk of several neuropsychiatric manifestations. Common (cumulative incidence > 5%) manifestations include cerebrovascular disease (CVD) and seizures; relatively uncommon (1-5%) are severe cognitive dysfunction, major depression, acute confusional state (ACS), peripheral nervous disorders psychosis. Strong risk factors (at least fivefold increased risk) are previous or concurrent severe NPSLE (for cognitive dysfunction, seizures) and antiphospholipid antibodies (for CVD, seizures, chorea). The diagnostic work-up of suspected NPSLE is comparable to that in patients without SLE who present with the same manifestations, and aims to exclude causes unrelated to SLE. Investigations include cerebrospinal fluid analysis (to exclude central nervous system infection), EEG (to diagnose seizure disorder), neuropsychological tests (to assess cognitive dysfunction), nerve conduction studies (for peripheral neuropathy) and MRI (T1/T2, fluid-attenuating inversion recovery, diffusion-weighted imaging, enhanced T1 sequence). Glucocorticoids and immunosuppressive therapy are indicated when NPSLE is thought to reflect an inflammatory process (optic neuritis, transverse myelitis, peripheral neuropathy, refractory seizures, psychosis, ACS) and in the presence of generalised lupus activity. Antiplatelet/anticoagulation therapy is indicated when manifestations are related to antiphospholipid antibodies, particularly thrombotic CVD. Neuropsychiatric manifestations in SLE patients should be first evaluated and treated as in patients without SLE, and secondarily attributed to SLE and treated accordingly.
    Annals of the rheumatic diseases 12/2010; 69(12):2074-82. · 8.11 Impact Factor
  • M G Tektonidou
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    ABSTRACT: Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma of the lacrimal glands has been reported in only two patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in the literature. We describe a 41-year-old female with SLE who had multiple relapses and remissions of her disease during the last 20 years and developed a right eyelid swelling. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a lesion in the right lacrimal gland with increased enhancement on T1- and T2-weighted images after intravenous contrast administration, and the biopsy of lacrimal gland was consistent with the diagnosis of marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of MALT type. The patient received treatment with four once-weekly doses of rituximab 375 mg/m(2) every 6 months for 2 years resulting in complete remission. Lacrimal gland MALT lymphoma is mainly treated with local radiotherapy, or chemotherapy in cases with systemic lymphoma. This is the first case of rituximab treatment in a patient with SLE who developed lacrimal gland MALT lymphoma, resulting in complete durable remission.
    Lupus 09/2010; 19(10):1243-5. · 2.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Valvular heart disease is prevalent in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and is a common cause of morbidity and mortality. Valvular thickening and verrucous valvular vegetations (Libman–Sacks) are the most common lesions. The purpose of this prospective study was to analyze the incidence of Libman–Sacks vegetations in patients with SLE.Methods: Two hundred and seventeen consecutive patients (196 females, 21 males, aged 53 ± 11 years) with SLE were evaluated with M-mode, 2D, and Doppler echocardiography. Libman–Sacks vegetations were defined as distinct localized masses of varying size and shape on the surface of the valve leaflets and exhibiting no independent motion. In 76 (35%) patients with SLE there were antiphospholipid antibodies (APL) present.Results: Thirty-two (14.7%) patients with SLE had Libman–Sacks vegetations and in 21 (65.6%) of them there was a presence of antiphospholipid antibodies. In 22 patients the location of the masses was in the mitral, in 9 in the aortic, and in 1 in the tricuspid valve, whereas in 4 cases in BOTH valves. Valvular regurgitation was the predominant lesion in 18 mitral, 9 aortic, and 1 tricuspid, but only 2 cases had severe mitral regurgitation. Valvular stenosis was detected in 5 cases. Three patients had severe mitral stenosis and one of them died, while in the other two patients mitral stenosis was reversed with treatment of the underlying disease. The remaining two cases had severe aortic stenosis but one of them, also having severe mitral regurgitation, died suddenly.Conclusion: Our results show that Libman–Sacks vegetations are quite frequent in patients with SLE and are related to the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies. The most common lesion is valvular regurgitation and rarely valvular stenosis.
    Echocardiography 09/2009; 21(2):210 - 210. · 1.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report 2 cases of leishmaniasis in patients with autoimmune rheumatic diseases in Greece. To assess trends in leishmaniasis reporting in this patient population, we searched the literature for similar reports from Europe. Reports increased during 2004-2008, especially for patients treated with anti-tumor necrosis factor agents.
    Emerging Infectious Diseases 07/2009; 15(6):956-9. · 6.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL), namely anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL) and lupus anticoagulant (LAC), have been associated with an increased risk of thrombosis in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We examined additional thrombosis risk factors (aPL profile, SLE-related, and traditional risk factors) and the primary thrombosis prevention in SLE patients with and without aPL. All SLE patients with positive aPL but without previous thrombotic manifestations who were regularly followed up at our department (n = 144) and 144 age- and sex-matched SLE patients with negative aPL were included in this study. The median followup times were 104 and 112 months, respectively. The demographic, clinical, laboratory, and treatment characteristics and the traditional thrombosis risk factors were recorded. The thrombosis rate was 29 per 144 aPL-positive patients (20.1%) and 11 per 144 aPL-negative patients (7.6%; P = 0.003). In multiadjusted analysis, significant predictors of thrombosis were male sex (hazard ratio [HR] 6.25, P < 0.01), LAC (HR 3.48, P = 0.04), and constantly positive aCL (HR 5.87, P = 0.01) for aPL-positive patients, while male sex (HR 7.14, P = 0.03) and hypertension were predictors for aPL-negative patients (HR 6.49, P = 0.03). Additionally, the duration of low-dose aspirin treatment played a protective role against thrombosis in aPL-positive patients (HR per month 0.98, P = 0.05), as did the duration of hydroxychloroquine in both aPL-positive (HR per month 0.99, P = 0.05) and aPL-negative patients (HR per month 0.98, P = 0.04). Independent predictors of thrombosis for aPL-positive patients were male sex, LAC, and constantly positive aCL, and for aPL-negative patients were male sex and hypertension. The duration of low-dose aspirin use played a protective role against thrombosis in aPL-positive patients as did the duration of hydroxychloroquine in both groups.
    Arthritis & Rheumatology 01/2009; 61(1):29-36. · 7.48 Impact Factor
  • Maria G Tektonidou
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    ABSTRACT: Although the kidney represents a major target organ in antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), renal involvement in APS was poorly recognized until recently. The most well-recognized renal manifestations of APS are the renal artery thrombosis/stenosis, renal infarction, hypertension, renal vein thrombosis, end-stage renal disease, increased allograft vascular thrombosis, some types of glomerular disease, and a small-vessel vaso-occlusive nephropathy, recently defined as APS nephropathy. APS nephropathy was first described in primary APS patients, characterized by acute thrombotic lesions in glomeruli and/or arterioles (thrombotic microangiopathy) and chronic vascular lesions such as fibrous intimal hyperplasia of arterioles and interlobular arteries, organized thrombi with or without recanalization, and fibrous arterial and arteriolar occlusions or focal cortical atrophy. APS nephropathy was also detected in further studies including patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)-related APS and SLE/non-APS patients with positive antiphospholipid antibodies, independently of lupus nephritis. The same histologic lesions, especially thrombotic mictroangiopathy, were also observed in patients with catastrophic APS. The most frequent clinical and laboratory characteristics of APS nephropathy in all the above groups of patients are hypertension (often severe), proteinuria (ranging from mild to nephrotic range), hematuria, and acute or chronic renal insufficiency.
    Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology 01/2009; 36(2-3):131-40. · 5.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Renal involvement in antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) has been poorly recognized. A renal small-vessel vasculopathy, defined as APS nephropathy, has recently been observed in small series of patients with primary APS (PAPS) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)-APS. We examined the renal histologic, clinical, and laboratory characteristics of different groups of patients with APS including catastrophic APS (CAPS). Our study included all CAPS (n=6), PAPS (n=8), and SLE-APS (n=23) patients with biopsy-proven renal involvement who were referred to our departments. The kidney biopsy specimens were retrospectively examined by the same renal pathologist. APS nephropathy was diagnosed as previously described. Demographic, clinical, and laboratory data were recorded. All patients with CAPS had acute and chronic renal vascular lesions compatible with diagnosis of APS nephropathy. Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA), the acute lesion, was observed in all CAPS patients. Fibrous intimal hyperplasia of interlobular arteries (FIH) and focal cortical atrophy (FCA) were the most common chronic vascular lesions, occurring in 4 of 6 (66.7%) and 3 of 6 (50%) patients with CAPS, respectively. TMA was detected in 3 of 8 (37.5%) patients with PAPS and in 8 of 23 (35%) patients with SLE-APS, while FIH and FCA were found with similar frequencies in all 3 groups. Hypertension, proteinuria, hematuria, and renal insufficiency were the most common renal manifestations of all APS groups. Acute and chronic APS nephropathy lesions were detected in all 3 APS groups. Acute lesions were more prominent in CAPS, while chronic lesions were found with similar frequencies in all groups. Hypertension, proteinuria, hematuria, and renal insufficiency were the most common renal manifestations of all APS groups.
    The Journal of Rheumatology 09/2008; 35(10):1983-8. · 3.26 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
243.01 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1999–2014
    • National Technical University of Athens
      Athínai, Attica, Greece
  • 2003–2010
    • Ευρωκλινική
      Athínai, Attica, Greece
    • National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
      • Division of Pathophysiology
      Athínai, Attica, Greece
  • 2007
    • Laiko Hospital
      Athínai, Attica, Greece
  • 2001
    • Athens State University
      Athens, Alabama, United States
  • 2000
    • University Hospital of Ioannina
      Yannina, Epirus, Greece