Hedi Ben Mansour

Institut Supérieur de Biotechnologie de Sfax, Şafāqis, Şafāqis, Tunisia

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Publications (32)64.84 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: This paper describes the synthesis of new enantiomerically pure 2-cyanoethyl-oxazolines in one step starting from a wide range of amino alcohols and 4-ethoxy-4-iminobutanenitrile with high to good yields (73% - 96%) via an appropriate procedure which can be used for a selective synthesis of mono-oxazolines. A simple operation as well as a practical separation are additional eco-friendly attributes of this method. All the synthesized compounds were identified and characterized with their physicochemical features and their spectral data ((1)HNMR, (13)C NMR and TOFMS ES(+)). Among the prepared mono-oxazolines, the mono-oxazoline (3a) [ 3-[(4S)-4-Benzyl-4,5-dihydro-1,3-oxazol-2-yl] propanenitrile] was tested to detect some biological activities. This compound was studied in vitro given the various types of pharmacological properties characterizing these compounds such as antioxidant, antimicrobial and analgesic activities. The antioxidant activity and mechanism of (3a) were identified using various in vitro antioxidant assays including 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH•), and superoxide anion radicals (O2(• -)) scavenging activity. In addition, compared to Quercetin, the tested synthetic product reveals a relatively-strong antiradical activity towards the DPPH (activity percentage of 81.22%) free radicals and significantly decreased the reactive oxygen species such as (O2(.-)) formation evaluated by the non-enzymatic (Nitroblue tetrazolium/riboflavine) and the enzymatic (xanthine/xanthine oxidase) systems. Related activity values were, respectively, 66% and 60.30%. The oxazoline (3a) showed a high ability to reduce the O2(.-) generation and proved to be a very potent radical scavenger. On the other hand, the analgesic property of the 3[(4S)-benzyl-4,5-dihydro-1,3-oxazol-2-yl] propanenitrile (3a) was demonstrated. The subcutaneous administration of (3a) produced a significant reduction in the number of abdominal constrictions amounting to 73.81% in the acetic acid writhing test in mice. In addition to these advances, the oxazoline (3a) has been investigated as an antimicrobial agent. Our results showed that this molecule exhibited various levels of antibacterial effect against all the tested bacterial strains.
    Chemico-biological interactions 04/2014; · 2.46 Impact Factor
  • Dorra Dridi, Amina Zouiten, Hedi Ben Mansour
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    ABSTRACT: Depressed patients often show altered circadian rhythms, sleep disturbances, and diurnal mood variation. Decreased latency of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, reduction in slow wave sleep, and abnormalities in the timing of REM/nonREM sleep cycles have all been reported in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). It is thus evident that an understanding of the basic mechanisms of sleep regulation is essential, for a better analysis of the pathophysiology of depressive disorders. The aim of this article is to review progress in understanding the mechanisms that underlie circadian and sleep rhythms, and their role in the treatment of depression. Chronotherapies including, bright light exposure, sleep deprivation, melatonin treatment, and social rhythm therapies, may provide novel insights into the development of new pharmacological and behavioral treatment strategies for mood disorders. The novel antidepressant, agomelatine, which combines the properties of a serotonin 5-HT2C antagonist and a melatonergic MT1/MT2 receptor agonist, has been found to be very effective for resetting the disturbed sleep/wake cycle and improving the clinical status of depressed patients. Agomelatine may fill the gap in the current therapeutic armoury, by combining tolerability profile with efficacy, in treating MDD.
    Biological Rhythm Research 01/2014; 45(1). · 0.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This article investigates the ability of Pseudomonas peli to treat industrial pharmaceuticals wastewater (PW). Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (MS)/MS analysis revealed the presence, in this PW, of a variety of antibiotics such as sulfathiazole, sulfamoxole, norfloxacine, cloxacilline, doxycycline, and cefquinome. P. peli was very effective to be grown in PW and inducts a remarkable increase in chemical oxygen demand and biochemical oxygen demand (140.31 and 148.51%, respectively). On the other hand, genotoxicity of the studied effluent, before and after 24 h of shaking incubation with P. peli, was evaluated in vivo in the Mediterranean wild mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis using comet assay for quantification of DNA fragmentation. Results show that PW exhibited a statistically significant (p < 0.001) genotoxic effect in a dose-dependent manner; indeed, the percentage of genotoxicity was 122.6 and 49.5% after exposure to 0.66 ml/kg body weight (b.w.); 0.33 ml/kg b.w. of PW, respectively. However, genotoxicity decreased strongly when tested with the PW obtained after incubation with P. peli. We can conclude that using comet assay genotoxicity end points are useful tools to biomonitor the physicochemical and biological quality of water. Also, it could be concluded that P. peli can treat and detoxify the studied PW.
    Toxicology and Industrial Health 11/2013; · 1.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A bacterium was isolated from the river of Oued Hamdoun (Tunisia), and its phenotypic features, physiological and chemotaxonomic characteristics and phylogenetic analysis of 16S ribosomal RNA sequence revealed it as Pseudomonas peli (P. peli). Chlorpyrifos ethyl (CP) was used as the sole source of carbon and energy by P. peli, and it was cometabolised in the presence of glucose. CP was completely degraded by P. peli after 96 h of shake incubation. High-performance liquid chromatography analysis indicated that the biodegradation kinetics was not affected by the addition of glucose into the culture medium. In the present study, only transient accumulation of one major no-identified product was observed after 48 h of incubation, with no other persistent metabolites detected. Cytotoxicity of CP, before and after biodegradation with P. peli, was evaluated in vitro using the MTT-colorimetric assay against three human cancer cell lines (A549, lung cell carcinoma, HT29, colon adenocarcinoma and MCF7, breast adenocarcinoma). CP reduced viability of all human cell lines in a dose-dependent manner. Its activity was very remarkable against A549 cell line. However, cytotoxicity strongly decreased in CP obtained after incubation with P. peli. Hence, we conclude that when incubated under appropriate conditions, P. peli has a metabolism that completely detoxifies CP.
    Toxicology and Industrial Health 11/2013; · 1.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Modern society grapples with large amounts of household waste. The anaerobic digestion of this waste offers a promising source for energy-rich biogas production but generates high toxic effluents that require treatment before reuse or disposal into the environment. This study aimed to investigate three techniques, namely coagulation/flocculation, electro-coagulation, and activated sludge, in terms of efficiency in the treatment of these effluents. It also aimed to assess their toxicity effects on the germination and growth of durum wheat Triticum aestivum L. seeds before and after 6 days of treatment. Activated sludge was most efficient in reducing chemical oxygen demand, turbidity, and conductivity (95.7 %, 15.8 %, and 37.5 %, respectively). The effluent treated with this technique induced a marked delay in germination (low mean time of germination) and a significant reduction in the percentages of seed germination and root and leaf growths. It was also noted to strongly induce lipid peroxidation in roots and leaves, which presumably explained the germination/growth inhibition of the wheat seeds. The effluent also induced marked lipid peroxidation effects and strongly inhibited the activities of butyrylcholinesterase in mice bone marrows. The effluent shows a high ability to inhibit the growth of three microalgae; these endpoints are useful tools to biomonitor the physico-chemical quality of this wastewater. Overall, while no significant alterations were observed in terms of animal and vegetable toxicities when the effluent was treated by coagulation/flocculation, activated sludge treatment proved efficient in reducing the toxicities induced by the untreated effluents. The results indicate that the application of this technique is promising with regards to attaining efficient, eco-friendly, and cost-effective strategies for the management and treatment of household waste.
    Environmental Science and Pollution Research 09/2013; · 2.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The textile industry is a favor to the Tunisian economy by offering several job positions. However, it's not environmentally friendly. In fact, textile industries discharge high volumes of wastewater which contain several toxic pollutants such as dyes, fixator, and whiteness. In our study, Pseudomonas peli, isolated and characterized from Oued Hamdoun (center of Tunisia), was found able to decolorize textile effluent about 81 % after 24 h shaking incubation. On the other hand, the in vitro antiproliferative effects of the untreated and treated effluent was evaluated by their potential cytotoxic activity using the MTT colorimetric method against three human cancer cell lines (A549, lung cell carcinoma; HT29, colon adenocarcinoma; and MCF7, breast adenocarcinoma). Results showed that intact textile effluent and its content azo dyes didn't inhibit the proliferation of all tested cell lines. However, the cytotoxic effect was remarkable when we tested effluent obtained after treatment by P. peli in a dose-dependent manner. This activity was attributed to the presence, in our treated effluent, of some azo products of dyes which are responsible for inhibition of human cell lines proliferation. Thus, the use of this strain for testing on the industrial scale seems impossible and disadvantageous.
    Environmental Science and Pollution Research 03/2013; · 2.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present study was undertaken to report the modeling of the dosing-time-dependent adverse effects of both untreated and biologically-treated pharmaceutical wastewater in mice. The mice were housed in a room controlled at 24 °C under a 12 h/12 h dark-light cycle (light 7:00–19:00 h) for two weeks before initiating the experiments and allowed free access to food and water. A single dose of pharmaceu-tical or bioremediated effluent was administrated intraperitoneally (10 mL/kg) to mice divided in six circadian stages [1, 5, 9, 13, 17, and 21 hours after light onset (HALO)]. The surviving treated mice exhibited a significant circadian variation in body weight loss (p < 0.001). Pharmaceutical wastewater dosing at 17 HALO resulted in À6.5% weight loss, whereas drug dosing at 9 HALO was + 1.2% (Ф = 19.42 HALO ± 1.25 h, p < 0.01). Only on the dark span, the proportion of dead mice was dosing-time-dependent (χ 2 = 12.7; p < 0.001). Pharmaceutical wastewater dosing at 17 HALO resulted in the poorest (67%) survival rate; whereas, the best survival was noted in the rest span with 100%. Troughs of motor incoordination were located at the administration times of 9 and 21 HALO (16% of animals affected), whereas peaks were located at 5 and 17 HALO (38 and 55% of animals affected, respectively). A statistically significant ultradian component rhythm with a trial period s = 12 h, was detected by cosinor (p < 0.009) the Ф = 17.00 HALO ± 1.70 h modulo 12 h. The toxicity was totally removed when the mice were treated by the bioremediated effluent. This indicates that Pseudomonas putida was able to completely detoxify the toxic pharmaceutical effluent. With regards to these data, the optimal tolerance to untreated pharmaceutical wastewater occurred in the light-rest span of mice. Introduction The presence of pharmaceutically-active compounds has been an issue of increasing concern and attention as these compounds have been detected in wastewater surface and drinking water (Ternes 1998; Ternes et al. 2001; Kolpin et al. 2002; Boyd et al. 2003; Tixier et al. 2003; Metcalfe et al. 2004; Bendz et al. 2005; Brun et al. 2006). Effluents from wastewater treatment plants have been found to contain a number of drugs and their metabolites (Ternes 1998; Hirsch et al. 1999; Metcalfe et al. 2003; Miao et al. 2004, 2005). These compounds have still been detected in rivers, streams, lakes, and natural aquatic ecosystems. Many studies have reported that due to higher abundance of antibiotics released into the environment, various bacteria have developed
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    ABSTRACT: Among all the pharmaceutical drugs that contaminate the environment, antibiotics occupy an important place due to their high consumption rates in both veterinary and human medicine. The present study examined the ability of Pseudomonas putida to grow on the antibiotic wastewater, currently expanding in Tunisia, containing amoxicillin and cefadroxil. P. putida was very efficient to grow quickly in pharmaceutical wastewater (PW) and in reducing the total dissolved solids to 80.1 %. Cytotoxicity of PW, before and after biodegradation with P. putida mt-2, was evaluated in vitro, using the MTT assay, against four human tumor cell lines such as A549 (lung cell carcinoma), HCT15 (colon cell carcinoma), MCF7 (breast adenocarcinoma), and U373 (glioma cell carcinoma). The PW reduced all human cell lines viability in a dose-dependent manner. This activity was very remarkable against U373 cell line. For this reason, we have tested the genotoxicity of PW using comet assay for quantification of DNA fragmentation. In fact, PW has statistically significant (p < 0.001) influence on DNA. Indeed, the percentage of genotoxicity was 66.87 and 87.5 %, after 24 and 48 h of treatment, respectively. However, cytotoxicity and genotoxicity decreased strongly when tested the PW obtained after incubation with P. putida mt-2. Our results indicate that P. putida is a promising and improved alternative to treating industrial-scale effluent compared to current chemical treatment procedures used by the industrials.
    Environmental Science and Pollution Research 11/2012; · 2.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Cis-Platinum(II) (cis-diammine dichloroplatinum;CDDP) is a potent antitumor compound widely used for the treatment of many malignancies. An important side-effect of CDDP is nephrotoxicity. The cytotoxic action of this drug is often thought to induce oxidative stress and be associated with its ability to bind DNA to form CDDP-DNA adducts and apoptosis in kidney cells. In this study, the protective effect of cactus cladode extract (CCE) against CDDP-induced oxidative stress and genotoxicity were investigated in mice. We also looked for levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), catalase activity, superoxide dismutase activity (SOD), chromosome aberrations (CA) test, SOS Chromotest, expressions of p53, bax and bcl2 in kidney and we also analyzed several parameters of renal function markers toxicity such as serum biochemical analysis. METHODS: Adult, healthy balbC (20-25 g) male mice aged of 4-5 weeks were pre-treated by intraperitonial administration of CCE (50 mg/Kg.b.w) for 2 weeks. Control animals were treated 3 days a week for 4 weeks by intraperitonial administration of 100 mug/Kg.b.w CDDP. Animals which treated by CDDP and CCE were divided into two groups: the first group was administrated CCE 2 hours before each treatment with CDDP 3 days a week for 4 weeks. The second group was administrated without pre-treatment with CCE but this extract was administrated 24 hours after each treatment with CDDP 3 days a week for 4 weeks. RESULTS: Our results showed that CDDP induced significant alterations in all tested oxidative stress markers. In addition it induces CA in bone morrow cells, increase the expression of pro-apoptotic proteins p53 and bax and decrease the expression of anti-apoptotic protein bcl2 in kidney cells. On the other hand, CDDP significantly increased the levels of urea and creatinine and decreased the levels of albumin and total protein. The treatment of CCE before or after treatment with CDDP showed, (i) a total reduction of CDDP induced oxidative damage for all tested markers, (ii) an anti-genotoxic effect resulting in an efficient prevention of chromosomal aberrations compared to the group treated with CDDP alone (iii) restriction of the effect of CDDP by differential modulation of the expression of p53 which is decreased as well as its associated genes such as bax and bcl2, (iiii) restriction of serums levels of creatinine, urea, albumin and total protein resuming its values towards near normal levels of control. CONCLUSION: We concluded that CCE is beneficial in CDDP-induced kidney dysfunction in mice via its anti-oxidant and anti-genotoxic properties against CDDP.
    BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 07/2012; 12(1):111. · 2.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Toxins derived from jellyfishes have been exploited as a model for the development of new drug promising applications to treat neurodegenerative diseases. The present work is aimed to evaluate the acute toxicity of crude venom of Pelagia noctiluca and then to screen the analgesic and antibutyrylcholinestrasic (anti-BuChE) activities of the crude venom and its fractions. Sephadex G75 gel was used to separate crude venom of Pelagia noctiluca, which led to some fractions. In addition, in vivo analgesic and in vitro plasma antibutyrylcholinestrasic activities were carried out with Pelagia crude venom and its fractions respectively. The crude venom and its fractions displayed analgesic and anti-BuChE activities at different doses without inducing acute toxicity. Fraction 2 possesses the highest analgesic and antibutyrylcholinestrasic properties. The crude venom and fraction 1 had shown to possess less significant inhibitory activity against analgesic and antibutyrylcholinestrasic models. Based on this study, the crude venom of Pelagia noctiluca is found to be a useful tool for probing pharmacological activity. The purification and the determination of chemical structures of compounds of active fractions of the venom are under investigation.
    Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 06/2012; 11:15. · 1.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study progresses in the direction of identifying component(s) from the Mediterranean sponge, Spongia officinalis with anticonvulsant and analgesic activities. We investigated the efficacy of crude extract and its semi-purified fractions (F1-F3) of the defensive secretion from Spongia officinalis for their in vivo anticonvulsant activity using the pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) seizure model and analgesic activity using the writhing test in mice. Among the series the crude extract exhibited interesting analgesic activity in a dose dependent manner. Similarly the fraction F2 showed a partial protection of mice from PTZ-induced seizure and interesting analgesic activity in a dose dependent manner. The purification and the determination of chemical structure(s) of compound(s) of this active fraction are under investigation.
    Cancer Cell International 04/2012; 12(1):15. · 2.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Methanolic, aqueous and Total Oligomer Flavonoids (TOF)-enriched extracts obtained from the leaves of Acacia salicina 'Lindl.' were investigated for antibacterial, antimutagenic and antioxidant activities. The antimicrobial activity was tested on the Gram positive and Gram negative reference bacterial strains. The Mutagenic and antimutagenic activities against direct acting mutagens, methylmethane sulfonate (MMS) and 4-nitro-o-phenylenediamine (NOPD), and indirect acting mutagens, 2-aminoanthracene (2-AA) and benzo[a]pyrene (B(a)P) were performed with S. typhimurium TA102 and TA98 assay systems. In addition, the enzymatic and nonenzymatic methods were employed to evaluate the anti-oxidative effects of the tested extracts. A significant effect against the Gram positive and Gram negative reference bacterial strains was observed with all the extracts. The mutagenic and antimutagenic studies revealed that all the extracts decreased the mutagenicity induced by B(a)P (7.5 μg/plate), 2-AA (5 μg/plate), MMS (1.3 mg/plate) and NOPD (10 μg/plate). Likewise, all the extracts showed an important free radical scavenging activity towards the superoxide anion generated by the xanthine/xanthine oxidase assay system, as well as high Trolox Equivalent Antioxidant Capacity (TEAC), against the 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt (ABTS)⁺• radical. TOF-enriched extract exhibited the highest protective effect against free radicals, direct acting-mutagen and metabolically activated S9-dependent mutagens. The present study indicates that the extracts from A. salicina leaves are a significant source of compounds with the antimutagenic and antioxidant activities, and this may be useful for developing potential chemopreventive substances.
    BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 04/2012; 12:37. · 2.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Textile industry is one of the most common and essential sectors in Tunisia. However, the treatment of textile effluents becomes a university because of their toxic impacts on waters, soils, flora, and fauna. The aim of this work was to evaluate the ability of Pseudomonas putida mt-2 to decolorize a textile wastewater and to compare the biologic decolorization process to the chemical one currently used by the textile industry. P. putida exhibited a high decolorizing capacity of the studied effluent, compared to the coagulation-flocculation method with decolorization percentage of 86% and 34.5%, respectively. Genotoxicity of the studied effluent, before and after decolorization by P. putida mt-2, was evaluated in vitro, using the SOS chromotest, and in vivo, in mouse bone marrow, by assessing the percentage of cells bearing different chromosome aberrations compared to not treated mice. In addition, textile effluent statistically significant influenced acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase activities and lipid peroxidation (p < 0.01) when compared to not-treated mice. Coagulation-flocculation treatment process used by industry was revealed to be ineffective. Indeed toxicities persisted after treatment and the effluent did not show any statistically significant decrease in toxicities compared to non-treated effluent. Our results indicate that P. putida is a promising and improved alternative to treating industrial scale effluent compared to current chemical decolorization procedures used by the Tunisian textile industry.
    Environmental Science and Pollution Research 02/2012; 19(7):2634-43. · 2.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recently, attention has been drawn toward the occurrence of pharmaceuticals in the environment. In recent years, many reports have been made on the occurrence of the large, differentiated group of pharmaceuticals in wastewater (PW), surface water, ground water, and in soil. The pharmaceutical sector is currently expanding in Tunisia, with more than 34 industries. The aim of this work was to evaluate the ability of Pseudomonas putida mt-2 to treat PW. P. putida was very efficient in reducing chemical oxygen demand (COD), total dissolved solids (TDS), and turbidity of solution (85.5, 89.1, and 81.5%, respectively). Genotoxicity of effluent, before and after biodegradation, was evaluated in vivo in mouse bone marrow by assessing the percentage of cells bearing different chromosome aberrations. Results indicated that PW showed a significant ability to induce DNA damage. In addition, PW induced a remarkable lipid peroxidation (LPO) effect, however, activities of both acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE) were unchanged when treated with PW, compared to nontreated PW. This toxicity was imputed to the presence of pharmaceutical compounds in wastewater. However, chromosome aberration, as well as LPO of PW, were significantly reduced after bioremediation. Thus, the use of this strain for testing on the industrial scale seems possible and advantageous.
    Drug and Chemical Toxicology 02/2012; 35(3):235-40. · 1.29 Impact Factor
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    Hedi Ben Mansour, Afef Dellai, Yosra Ayed
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    ABSTRACT: Removal of numerous classes of chemical pollutants from the industrial wastewater such as textile, pharmaceutical and olive mill using conventional wastewater treatment, is incomplete and several studies suggested that improvement of this situation would require the application of biological treatment techniques. Dyes, polyphenols and drugs are an environmental pollutants extremely toxics to plants and other living organisms including humans. These effluents were previously treated by Pseudomonas putida. The main of this work was to evaluate the in vivo toxicity of the three wastewaters. Writhes and convulsant effect of effluents were carried out and were compared to the treated effluents. Only pharmaceutical wastewater was exhibited a convulsant effect which observed in mice treated by effluent. On the other hand, all industrial wastewater induced significantly an algogenic effects particularly when mice were treated by the pharmaceutical wastewater (Number of writhes = 44). Toxicity was totally removed when mice were treated by the bio remediated effluent. This indicates that P. putida was able to completely detoxify the toxic industrial effluent.
    Cancer Cell International 01/2012; 12(1):4. · 2.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Three extracts were prepared from the leaves of Accacia salicina; ethyl acetate (EA), chloroform (Chl) and petroleum ether (PE) extracts and was designed to examine antimutagenic, antioxidant potenty and oxidative DNA damage protecting activity. Antioxidant activity of A. salicina extracts was determined by the ability of each extract to protect against plasmid DNA strand scission induced by hydroxyl radicals. An assay for the ability of these extracts to prevent mutations induced by various oxidants in Salmonella typhimurium TA102 and TA 104 strains was conducted. In addition, nonenzymatic methods were employed to evaluate anti-oxidative effects of tested extracts. These extracts from leaf parts of A. salicina showed no mutagenicity either with or without the metabolic enzyme preparation (S9). The highest protections against methylmethanesulfonate induced mutagenicity were observed with all extracts and especially chloroform extract. This extract exhibited the highest inhibitiory level of the Ames response induced by the indirect mutagen 2- aminoanthracene. All extracts exhibited the highest ability to protect plasmid DNA against hydroxyl radicals induced DNA damages. The ethyl acetate (EA) and chloroform (Chl) extracts showed with high TEAC values radical of 0.95 and 0.81 mM respectively, against the ABTS(.+). The present study revealed the antimutagenic and antioxidant potenty of plant extract from Accacia salicina leaves.
    Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 12/2011; 10:37. · 1.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: For centuries, plants have been used in traditional medicines and there has been recent interest in the chemopreventive properties of compounds derived from plants. In the present study, we investigated the antibutyrylcholinestrasic (anti-BuChE) and antioxidant (against some free radicals) activities of extracts from Rhus pentaphyllum. Aqueous extracts were prepared from powdered R. pentaphyllum roots, leaves and seeds and characterized for the presence of tannins, flavonoids and coumarins. Seeds aqueous extract contained the highest quantities of both flavonoids and tannins (21.12% and 17.45% respectively). In the same way, seeds extracts displayed remarkable inhibition against BuChE over 95%, at 100 μg/ml and with IC50 0.74 μg/ml. In addition, compared to leaves and roots extracts, seeds aqueous extract revealed relatively strong antiradical activity towards the ABTS.+ (IC50 = 0.25 μg/ml) and DPPH (IC50 = 2.71 μg/ml) free radicals and decreased significantly the reactive oxygen species such O2.- (IC50 = 2.9 μg/ml) formation evaluated by the non-enzymatic generating O2.- system (Nitroblue tetrazolium/riboflavine). These data suggest that the anti-BuChE activities mechanism of these extracts occurs through a free radical scavenging capacities.The present study indicates that extracts of Rhus pentaphyllum leaves, seeds and roots are a significant source of compounds, such as tannins, flavonoids and coumarins, with anti-BuChE and antioxidant activities, and thus may be useful for chemoprevention.
    Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 08/2011; 10:32. · 1.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Acid orange 52 (AO52), extensively used in textile industries, was decolorized by Pseudomonas putida mt-2. AO52 azoreduction products such as N,N'-dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine (DMPD) and 4-aminobenzenesulfonic acid (4-ABS), were identified in the static degradation mixture. These amines were identified only in media of static incubation, which is consistent with their biotransformation under shaken incubation (aerobic conditions). Tests with azo products were carried out, and whole cells were found able to easily degrade DMPD contrary to 4-ABS. However, this last could be attacked by cell extract, and an oxygen uptake was observed during the reaction. Degradation of DMPD by entire cells led to the formation of catechol. These results show that P. putida was able to decolorize AO52 and metabolize its derivative amines. In addition, the ability of tested compounds was evaluated in vitro to reduce human plasma butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE) activity. Azoreduction products seem to be responsible for BuChE inhibition activity observed in static biodegradation extract. However, toxicity of AO52 completely disappears after shaken incubation with P. putida, suggesting that bacterium has a catabolism which enables it to completely degrade AO52 and especially, to detoxify the dye mixture.
    Environmental Science and Pollution Research 05/2011; 18(9):1527-35. · 2.62 Impact Factor
  • Dorra Dridi, Hédi Ben Mansour, Naceur A Boughattas
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    ABSTRACT: Cetirizine is a second-generation histamine H1-receptor antagonist used in the treatment of allergic diseases. The aim of the study was to assess whether cetirizine toxicity estimated by, for example, death, body loss, and leucopenia, is circadian rhythm dependent. A total of 210 male Swiss mice, aged 9 weeks, were synchronized for 3 weeks to 12-hour light (i.e., rest span)/12-hour dark (i.e., activity span) cycles. The drug was administered per os (orally). Each lethal (DL(50) = 750 mg/kg) and sublethal (DT(50) = 55 mg/kg) dose was administered to comparable groups of animals at six different circadian time points (1, 5, 9, 13, 17, and 21 hours after light onset; HALO). The death rate was dosing time dependent (P <0.001). Drug dosing at 5 HALO resulted in maximum mortality (76.75%), whereas dosing at 17 HALO resulted in the lowest mortality rate (16.7%). Cosinor analyses validated a statistically significant circadian rhythm in death rate (P < 0.008). Changes in body weight after cetirizine administration were dosing time dependent (P < 0.01), with the dosing time of least effect (-0.7% loss) at 17 HALO and of greatest effect (-7% loss) at 5 HALO. Cosinor analyses validated a statistically significant circadian rhythm in body loss (P < 0.05). A statistically significant decrease in leukocyte number varied, according to antihistamine dosing time (P < 0.01), with the dosing time of least leucopenia (≈-17%) at 17 HALO and of greatest leucopenia (≈-28%) at 5 HALO. The results show that cetirizine dosing time at the midactivity (dark) span seems to be optimal, since it corresponds to the best tolerance.
    Drug and Chemical Toxicology 04/2011; 34(2):139-45. · 1.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT: Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is potent hepatotoxic and hepatocarcinogenic agent. In aflatoxicosis, oxidative stress is a common mechanism contributing to initiation and progression of hepatic damage. The aim of this work was to evaluate the hepatoprotective effect of cactus cladode extract (CCE) on aflatoxin B1-induced liver damage in mice by measuring malondialdehyde (MDA) level, the protein carbonyls generation and the heat shock proteins Hsp 70 and Hsp 27 expressions in liver. We also looked for an eventual protective effect against AFB1-induced genotoxicity as determined by chromosome aberrations test, SOS Chromotest and DNA fragmentation assay. We further evaluated the modulation of p53, bax and bcl2 protein expressions in liver. Adult, healthy balbC (20-25 g) male mice were pre-treated by intraperitonial administration of CCE (50 mg/Kg.b.w) for 2 weeks. Control animals were treated 3 days a week for 4 weeks by intraperitonial administration of 250 μg/Kg.b.w AFB1. Animals treated by AFB1 and CCE were divided into two groups: the first group was administrated CCE 2 hours before each treatment with AFB1 3 days a week for 4 weeks. The second group was administrated without pre-treatment with CCE but this extract was administrated 24 hours after each treatment with AFB1 3 days a week for 4 weeks. Our results clearly showed that AFB1 induced significant alterations in oxidative stress markers. In addition, it has a genotoxic potential and it increased the expression of pro apoptotic proteins p53 and bax and decreased the expression of bcl2. The treatment of CCE before or after treatment with AFB1, showed (i) a total reduction of AFB1 induced oxidative damage markers, (ii) an anti-genotoxic effect resulting in an efficient prevention of chromosomal aberrations and DNA fragmentation compared to the group treated with AFB1 alone (iii) restriction of the effect of AFB1 by differential modulation of the expression of p53 which decreased as well as its associated genes such as bax and bcl2. We concluded that CCE might have a hepatoprotective effect against aflatoxicosis in mice, probably acting by promoting the antioxidant defence systems.
    Nutrition & Metabolism 01/2011; 8:73. · 3.16 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

132 Citations
64.84 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2014
    • Institut Supérieur de Biotechnologie de Sfax
      Şafāqis, Şafāqis, Tunisia
  • 2013
    • Ecole des Métiers de l'Environnement (EME)
      Bruz, Brittany, France
  • 2012–2013
    • Faculté de Médecine Dentaire de Monastir
      Al Munastīr, Al Munastīr, Tunisia
    • BiotechPole Sidi Thabet
      L’Ariana, Ariana, Tunisia
    • Institut Supérieur de Biotechnologie de Sidi Thabet
      Le Sers, Kef, Tunisia
    • University of Monastir
      Tunis-Ville, Tūnis, Tunisia
  • 2011–2013
    • Université de la Manouba
      La Manouba, Manouba, Tunisia
  • 2007–2012
    • Université de Caen Basse-Normandie
      • Equipe de Recherche en Physico-Chimie et Biotechnologies (ERPCB)
      Caen, Lower Normandy, France