Can Köse

Celal Bayar Üniversitesi, Saruhan, Manisa, Turkey

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Publications (3)2.52 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Heparin-binding epidermal growth factor (HB-EGF) has pleiotropic biological functions in the female reproductive tract. HB-EGF has a function in the menstruation cycle, implantation, decidualization, placenta development, and also inhibition of apoptosis. This study aims to investigate a possible role of HB-EGF in missed abortion. Materials and methods: Decidual and placental tissue samples were obtained from women with unwanted pregnancy as the control group and from women with missed abortions as the patient group. Immunohistochemistry was utilized to compare HB-EGF expression of fibroblast and decidual cells in uterine decidual stroma and fibroblasts and mesenchymal cells in placental villous stroma; the TUNEL technique was used to detect apoptotic cells within the decidual and placental tissues of the two groups. Results: It was demonstrated that HB-EGF expression in both uterine decidual stroma and placenta stroma was increased in the missed abortion group (142.70 ± 12.80; 116.10 ± 14.16, respectively), compared with the normal pregnancy group (101.60 ± 14.18; 81.60 ± 10.74, respectively). It was also shown that there was no difference in TUNEL (Terminal deoxynucleotide transferase dUTP Nick End Labelling) positive cells between the uterine decidual stroma (11.4 ± 3%; 13.6 ± 3%, respectively), placental villous stroma (13.7 ± 3%; 15.9 ± 3%, respectively), and cytotrophoblast-syncytiotrophoblast cells (7.3 ± 2; 9.8 ± 3, respectively) of the two groups. Conclusion: This data supports the hypothesis that increased HB-EGF expression in a missed abortion may prevent the discharge of the dead fetus.
    Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 02/2015; 54(1). DOI:10.1016/j.tjog.2013.08.011 · 0.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: There are no well-defined findings about reasons for first trimester abortion in some pregnancy cases. Selectins are cell adhesion proteins which are important for blastocyst implantation in the decidua. The goal of the study was to investigate the role of selectins in first trimester pregnancy loss by immunohistochemistry. Study design: Decidual and placental tissue samples have been obtained from the women with unwanted pregnancy as the control group (n = 40) and missed abortion (n = 40) as the study group. Immunohistochemistry technique has been used to compare P, L and E-selectin expression of the fibroblast and the decidual cells in uterine decidual stroma; and fibroblasts and mesenchymal cells in placental villous stroma. Immunostaining for P, L, E-Selectin has been evaluated semiquantitatively by HSCORE analysis. Results: Decidual cells, for E and L-selectin showed stronger staining in the study group than controls, and the difference was statistically significant (p = 0.007, p = 0.007). P-selectin showed stronger staining in the control group, but the difference was not as significant as the E and L-selectins (p = 0.04). In the placenta, cytotrophoblasts and syncytiotrophoblasts showed stronger staining for P, E, L-selectins for the control group (p < 0.007, p = 0.001 and p < 0.001, respectively). Conclusion: Strong expression of each of the three investigated selectins in healthy pregnancy villi shows their contribution to implantation and strong placentation. There is a need for better understanding of the functions of adhesive molecules in these events to reveal unknown causes for pregnancy loss.
    Ginekologia polska 04/2014; 85(4):287-93. DOI:10.17772/gp/1725 · 0.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: The goal of this study was to investigate the combined effects of raloxifene and atorvastatin in aged ovariectomized rats during endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerotic process. Material and methods: This study was conducted on 28 Wistar albino female rats randomly divided into four groups. All groups were ovariectomized and one group was kept as the control group (OVX). For four weeks, the remaining three groups were treated with the statin atorvastatin (OVX+AV), the selective estrogen receptor modulator raloxifene (OVX+RL), and both atorvastatin and raloxifene (OVX+RL+AV), respectively. At the end of the treatment period, all rats were sacrificed and thoracic aortas excised, and endothelial cells were immunohistochemically stained for markers in the atherosclerotic process, such as inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), endothelin-1 (ET-1), monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α). Results: Compared to the ovariectomized group, the iNOS level was significantly increased in the OVX+RL group (P=0.002), but contrarily decreased in the groups OVX+AV (P=0.002) and OVX+RL+AV (P=0.002). eNOS levels in the groups OVX+AV (P=0.002) and OVX+RL+AV (P=0.002) were significantly lower than that in the OVX group. When compared to the OVX group, significant reductions in ET-1 and TNF-α levels were found in all treatment groups. A significant decrement in MCP-1 level was found in the OVX+AV group (P=0.002). Conclusion: In aged ovariectomized rats, the administration of both raloxifene and atorvastatin significantly decreased the levels of ET-1 and TNF-α on endothelial cells. Combined treatment with these drugs shortly after menopause might play a potential preventive role in the early stages of atherosclerosis development.
    Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research 07/2012; 39(1). DOI:10.1111/j.1447-0756.2012.01969.x · 0.93 Impact Factor