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Publications (2)1.9 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: One of the most important mechanisms of allograft rejection is the production of donor-specific antibodies (DSA). Anti-major histocompatibility complex class-I chain-related antigen A (MICA) and anti-glutathione S transferase-T1 (GSTT1) antibodies cause graft dysfunction and reduce graft survival. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of anti-human leukocyte antigen class I-II, anti-MICA, and anti-GSTT1 antibodies in development of antibody-mediated rejection. Among the 32 renal transplant patients included in this study 65% experienced antibody-mediated rejection (AMR; chronic active AMR [CAMR], n = 17; acute AMR [AAMR], n = 4) and 35%, ACR. The anti-HLA class I-II and anti-MICA antibodies were determined by using LUMINEX, anti-GSTT1 antibodies by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. GSTT1 genotyping of patients and donors was performed by polymerase chain reaction. Antibody was detected in 19 of 21 patients undergoing antibody-mediated rejection (90%). We detected anti-GSTT1 in 4, anti-MICA in 8, anti-HLA class I in 5, and anti-HLA class II in 9 patients with CAMR (P = .007). If the patients were divided into 2 groups according to being C4d(+) and C4d(-) both anti-HLA class I and class II antibodies were found significantly more frequently among the C4d(+) group (P = .019, P = .024). No difference was determined between AMR and ACR groups in terms of anti-GSTT1 and anti-MICA antibodies. In this study, we observed the role of anti-HLA class II antibodies in the development of CAMR and in long-term allograft survival. It is observed that anti-MICA and anti-GSTT1 antibodies showed no effect on rejection mechanisms.
    Transplantation Proceedings 04/2013; 45(3):890-4. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The balance between oxidative stress and anti-oxidant defense systems after renal transplantation may explain the development and progression of allograft dysfunction. Glutathione S-transferase (GST) decreases the damage from oxidative stress. In contrast, recipient antibodies against GSTT1 expressed on the graft are believed to cause its dysfunction. The aim of our research was to study the probable relationship to rejection between GST gene polymorphisms and anti-GSTT1 antibodies. We included 122 patients transplantations from living donors and 51 healthy individuals as controls group in our study. The patient groups were comprised of 57 patients who did and 65 who did not experienced rejection episode. Polymerase chain reactions were used to detect GSTM1 and GSTT1 polymorphisms, whereas PCR-RFLP (restriction fragment length polymorphism), for GSTP1 polymorphism. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method was used for anti-GSTT1 antibody scans. There was no significant difference between the groups for allele and genotype frequencies of GSTT1, GSTM1, GSTP1 polymorphisms of the recipients, donors, and controls. Within the rejection group the frequency of patients with the GSTM1 null genotype was higher among subjects prescribed cyclosporine A versus tacrolimus (P = .029). Among the entire patient group, 46 subjects with GSTT1 null genotype were scanned for anti-GSTT1 antibody which was detected in 5 of 8 patients with an acute rejection episode (P = .04). Anti-GSTT1 antibody was observed more frequently albeit not significantly, among the cyclosporine versus tacrolimus patient group (P = .16). This study suggested that GSTM1 genotype may be important for cyclosporine detoxification and for allograft outcomes due to drug nephrotoxicity. After transplantation, antigens distinct from the HLA system such as GSTT1 protein may also be targets for alloimmune responses.
    Transplantation Proceedings 07/2012; 44(6):1679-84. · 0.95 Impact Factor