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Publications (3)10.74 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We have reported a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced hyper-inflammatory response in localized aggressive periodontitis (LAP). It is unknown whether treatment is able to modulate this LPS responsiveness. Fifty-nine individuals with LAP were treated by mechanical debridement and systemic antibiotics. Clinical parameters and cyto/chemokine responsiveness of whole blood stimulated with Porphyromonas gingivalis or Escherichia coli LPS were monitored at baseline and 3, 6, and 12 months post-treatment. Overall, clinical parameters were improved following treatment. Additionally, P. gingivalis LPS induction of eotaxin, IFNγ, IL10, IL12p40, IL1β, IL6, IP10, MCP1, MIP1α, GM-CSF, and TNFα was significantly decreased (p < .05). Similarly, induction of eotaxin, INFγ, IL10, IL12p40, GM-CSF, and TNFα by E. coli LPS was also reduced post-treatment. These reductions correlated with decreases in clinical parameters. Importantly, these reductions in LPS responsiveness were most robust at 3 months, and some lost significance at 6 to 12 months post-treatment. In conclusion, LPS-induced hyper-inflammatory response in LAP can be partially modulated by periodontal therapy. Conversely, rebound in the hyper-responsiveness of some mediators, in the presence of improved clinical parameters, suggests that this phenotype could be partially influenced by a genetic trait and play a role in future disease recurrence (ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01330719).
    Journal of dental research 06/2013; · 3.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to characterize the subgingival microbiota of African-American children with Localized Aggressive Periodontitis (LAP). Fifty-one children were included. Subgingival plaque samples were taken from diseased (DD) and healthy sites (DH) in LAP and from healthy sites in HS and HC and analyzed by 16S rRNA-based microarrays. Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (Aa) was the only species found to be both more prevalent (OR = 8.3, p = 0.0025) and abundant (p < 0.01) in DD. Filifactor alocis (Fa) was also found to be more prevalent in DD (OR 2.31, CI 1.06-5.01, p = 0.03). Most prevalent species in healthy sites were Selenomonas spp, Veillonella spp, Streptococcus spp, Bergeyella sp, and Kingella oralis. Overall, Streptococcus spp, Campylobacter gracilis, Capnocytophaga granulosa, Haemophilus parainfluenzae, and Lautropia mirabilis were most abundant in healthy children, while Aa, Fa, Tannerella sp, Solobacterium moorei, Parvimonas micra, and Capnocytophaga sp were most abundant in LAP. Based on a comprehensive analysis with 16S rRNA-based microarrays, Aa was strongly associated and site-specific in LAP. In contrast, other species were found to be associated with healthy sites and individuals (ClinicalTrials.gov number CT01330719). Abbreviations: healthy site in healthy sibling (HS); healthy site in healthy control child (HC).
    Journal of dental research 08/2012; 91(10):927-33. · 3.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: No Query 1 Please check that all authors are listed in the proper order; clarify which part of each author's name is his or her surname; and verify that all author names are correctly spelled/punctuated and are presented in a manner consistent with any prior publications. 2 Please add 3 more Key Words. 3 Please confi rm this statement. 4 Please provide native fi le for Fig. Responses to Queries: 1. please see highlights in text indicating surnames. All authors names are listed correctly and in proper order.(check with other authors!!) 2. Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, microarray, subgingival microbiota 3. Statement confirmed. (confirm with all other authors!) 4. provided as an attachment to email.
    Journal of Dental Research 01/2012; · 3.83 Impact Factor