Camilla L Søraas

Oslo University Hospital, Kristiania (historical), Oslo County, Norway

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Publications (6)12.49 Total impact

  • American heart journal 08/2013; 166(2):e3. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Elevations of creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and cardiac troponin T (cTnT) have an uncertain long-term prognostic value after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. We aimed to test the hypothesis that CK-MB and cTnT are predictors of long-term survival after CABG and to assess which of these 2 biomarkers is the better predictor. A total of 1,350 consecutive patients undergoing isolated on-pump CABG had CK-MB and cTnT measured at 7, 20, and 44 hours, postoperatively. The end point was all-cause mortality, and during the median follow-up time of 6.1 years, 207 patients (15.3%) died. Both peak CK-MB and peak cTnT independently predicted long-term mortality (hazard ratio [HR] 1.003, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.001-1.005, P = .007, and HR 1.31, 95% CI 1.17-1.46, P <.001, respectively) when analyzed in separate multivariate Cox models, adjusting for baseline demographic characteristics and perioperative risk factors. However, when analyzed simultaneously in the same Cox model, cTnT was a significant predictor (HR 1.31, 95% CI 1.13-1.51, P <.001), whereas CK-MB was not (P = .99). Similar results were found when the biomarkers were analyzed together in a Cox model adjusting for European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation. The differences in mortality between the biomarker groups were consistent also when analyzing strict quartiles of peak values of CK-MB and cTnT (P = .81 and P = .001, respectively). Both CK-MB and cTnT are predictors of mortality after CABG surgery; however, our data suggest that cTnT is a better predictor of long-term mortality after CABG surgery than CK-MB.
    American heart journal 11/2012; 164(5):779-85. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The time course of recovery of left ventricular (LV) function after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery is largely unknown. We aimed to test the hypothesis that LV function improves shortly after CABG by using echocardiography to elucidate myocardial contractility before and after CABG, and to determine the segmental distribution of viable myocardium. We prospectively studied 42 patients undergoing elective isolated CABG. No selection was done regarding preoperative LV ejection fraction. All patients underwent serial transthoracic two-dimensional echocardiography preoperatively, and at two to four days and six to seven weeks postoperatively. Regional wall motion was evaluated at each examination, and wall motion score index (WMSI) was calculated to assess recovery of contractile function. WMSI improved by surgery (P=0.005), stepwise from preoperatively to two to four days postoperatively (P=0.05) and borderline significantly between the two postoperative examinations (P=0.06). One hundred and one (15%) of 670 segments had abnormal contraction preoperatively; of which 69 were hypokinetic and 32 were akinetic. At six to seven weeks postoperatively a normalization of function was found in 35 (51%) hypokinetic and four (13%) akinetic segments. Our data suggest that CABG improves myocardial contractility within the first days postoperatively. Echocardiographic determination of wall motion is a useful tool to observe LV function.
    Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery 03/2011; 12(6):946-51. · 1.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Regression of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and albuminuria in hypertension has previously been shown to reduce clinical cardiovascular events and death. We aimed to investigate the associations of regression of electrocardiographic (ECG) LV hypertrophy and albuminuria with the incidence of revascularization. In 9193 hypertensive patients included in the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension (LIFE) study, we measured urine albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR), LV hypertrophy by electrocardiography, serum high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and blood pressure after 2 weeks of placebo treatment and yearly during 5 years of anti-hypertensive treatment with either an atenolol- or a losartan-based regimen. The incidence of coronary and peripheral revascularization was recorded. In Cox regression analyses adjusted for treatment allocation and continent, high time-varying Sokolow-Lyon voltage (hazard ratio [HR]=1.01 [1.00-1.02], p=0.01), but not time-varying Cornell product or UACR, predicted coronary revascularization together with low time-varying HDL-cholesterol, low time-varying pulse pressure, high Framingham risk score and history of angina pectoris. Adjusted for treatment allocation and continent, high time-varying Sokolow-Lyon voltage (HR=1.01 [1.00-1.03], p=0.02), but not time-varying Cornell product or UACR, predicted peripheral revascularization together with high time-varying pulse pressure, high Framingham risk score, history of peripheral vascular disease and prior myocardial infarction. Higher Sokolow-Lyon voltage during antihypertensive treatment, but not UACR or the Cornell voltage-duration product, was independently associated with higher incidence of coronary as well as peripheral revascularization.
    Blood pressure 06/2010; 19(3):145-51. · 1.26 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Hypertension - J HYPERTENSION. 01/2010; 28.
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    ABSTRACT: To assess if myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) at rest can be of value in elucidating myocardial perfusion, ischaemia and perioperative myocardial infarction (PMI) associated with coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. This was a prospective randomized study of patients undergoing elective CABG. Forty-eight patients in the control group underwent serial ECG recordings and measurements of CK-MB and cTnT. Fifty-four patients in the study group were additionally examined with MPS preoperatively and 2-4 days and 6 weeks postoperatively. The study showed a highly significant (p < 0.001) improvement in myocardial radionuclide uptake from preoperatively to 2-4 days postoperatively. Judged from ECG and enzymatic changes, two control patients and one study patient only had PMI and no additional cases of PMI were demonstrated by MPS. MPS at rest showed that CABG significantly improved myocardial perfusion, by demonstrating an increase in radionuclide uptake. In diagnosing PMI, we found that MPS provided no additional information beyond cardiac biochemical markers and ECG changes.
    Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal 12/2006; 40(6):354-62. · 0.82 Impact Factor