ABSTRACT: Lung surfactant protein A (SP-A) has a central role in host defense mediated by the interaction of surface carbohydrates of inhaled pathogens with the lectin domains of SP-A. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), the most important viral pathogen of neonates and infants, encodes a highly glycosylated attachment protein, G. Binding studies were performed with G-protein from RSV (human, A2 strain) and human SP-A. The effect of SP-A on the interaction between RSV and host cells was determined by two methods: an infectivity study with monolayers of Hep-2C cells and by interleukin-8 (IL-8) release from buffy coat (BC) cells. SP-A binds to RSV G-protein in a concentration-dependent manner that is inhibitable by both ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) and mannan, indicating that binding is through the carbohydrate recognition domain of the SP-A and a carbohydrate moiety of the G-protein. The level of RSV infection of Hep-2C cells increases with increasing concentrations of SP-A. The amount of IL-8 released by BC cells in the presence of RSV is increased with SP-A concentrations of 2.9 microg/mL or greater. Our results show that SP-A enhances the attachment of RSV and subsequent entry into host cells. The effect of SP-A on viral uptake by epithelial cells and macrophage may determine both innate and adaptive immune responses to RSV.
Viral Immunology 02/2000; 13(1):125-35. · 1.97 Impact Factor