[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Right subclavian artery aneurysm due to coarctation of the aorta was diagnosed in a 33-year-old female patient who presented with dysphagia and dysphonia. Aortic coarctation and right subclavian artery aneurysm that compressed the trachea and the esophagus were successfully reconstructed with staged operations.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Post-sternotomy mediastinitis affects 1-3% of patients undergoing cardiac surgery and is lethal in 10-47% of these patients. We investigated the effect of an antioxidant/anti-inflammatory agent, caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE), in the attenuation of inflammatory response induced by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection in a rat experimental mediastinitis model. Rats, divided into six equal groups, received MRSA precolonized stainless steel wire pieces implanted into their mediastinal spaces. Control group and CAPE control group received saline and CAPE 10 micromol/kg.day(-1 )respectively, where Group A received a single dose of teicoplanin 24 mg/kg i.m. for the first day and then 12 mg/kg.day(-1) . Group B received teicoplanin as in Group A plus CAPE 10 micromol/kg. day(-1 )intra-peritoneally. Group C received teicoplanin 60 mg/kg i.m. for the first day and then 30 mg/kg.day(-1 )and Group D received teicoplanin as in Group C plus CAPE 10 micromol/kg.day(-1) . By the end of 14 days rats were sacrificed and serum malondialdehyde (MDA), myeloperoxidase (MPO), nitric oxide (NO), urea and creatinine levels were evaluated. Mediastinal organ tissues were collected for histopathological analysis. Infection rates in all the drug-treated groups were lower than the control groups ( P=0.002) but statistical significance was attained only between the groups A and D ( P=0.018). In connective tissues and the peribronchial area polymorphonuclear leukocytic (PNL) infiltration in the treatment groups, although becoming very close, did not reach statistical significance (P =0.053, P=0.075, respectively). PNL infiltration especially in the peribronchial tissues of the Group B animals was found to be significantly less than the Control and CAPE Control groups with P values of 0.013 and 0.010, respectively. MDA and MPO levels were significantly lower in the treatment groups ( P<0.001 and P<0.001 respectively). Levels of the degradation products of NO were lower in treatment groups compared to two control groups (P=0.003, P= 0.005). NO levels in Group D were lowest among all treatment groups ( P=0.001). It has been demonstrated that although bacterial colonization can be controlled in mediastinitis, the inflammatory response persists. The combination of an antioxidant / anti-inflammatory agent, CAPE, added to standard antibiotic therapy might be effective in the treatment of post-sternotomy mediastinitis due to MRSA.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Alcohol-induced lung damage may be associated with increased oxidative stress.
Our aim was to investigate alcohol-induced changes in the biochemistry and histopathology of the lung.
Rats were divided into two groups, a control group and an ethanol group. The ethanol group received 2 g/kg ethanol (total: 3 ml) intraperitoneally. The controls were given the same amount of saline via the same route. Three hours later, the rats were sacrificed, and blood and lung tissue samples were obtained. Oxidative stress was assessed by measuring the levels of erythrocyte reduced glutathione (GSH), tissue malondialdehyde (MDA), myeloperoxidase (MPO) and Na(+)-K(+) ATPase. Histopathologic evaluation of the lung tissues was also performed.
In the ethanol group, serum and tissue MDA levels and MPO activities were increased (p = 0.007, p = 0.001 and p = 0.000), and lung tissue Na(+)-K(+) ATPase activities and erythrocyte GSH were decreased (p = 0.001 and p = 0.000) compared to the controls. Histopathologic examination demonstrated alveolocapillary thickening, alveolar degeneration, leukocyte infiltration and erythrocyte extravasation in the lungs of the ethanol group (p < 0.05).
These results suggest that high-dose acute alcohol administration aggravates systemic and local oxidative stress leading to acute lung injury, ranging from mild pulmonary dysfunction to severe lung injury. It should be borne in mind that rapid onset of the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) may also be due to increased oxidative stress following alcohol abuse, especially when ischemic disturbances, e.g. coronary heart disease, acute ischemia of the extremities and traumatic accidents, are concomitantly present. Therefore, precautions against ARDS may prevent morbidity and mortality in alcohol-induced lung damage in at-risk patients.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of Daflon 500 mg on tissue damage in kidney after ischemia/reperfusion hindlimb, by assessing blood biochemical assay and histopathological analysis. Rats were given Daflon 80 mg x kg(-1) x day(-1) for 10 days. On 11th day of treatment, 4h ischemia followed by 4 h reperfusion period was performed on right hind limb of the rats. Control groups were given only arabic gum and were subjected to same ischemia/reperfusion period. At the end of reperfusion period, erythrocyte superoxide dismutase, Na(+)-K(+) ATPase and reduced glutathione levels were increased in the rats erythrocytes in Daflon group (P<0.01, for all). On the other hand, serum myeloperoxidase and malondialdehyde levels were significantly lower in the Daflon-received rats (P<0.01, for all). Histopathological studies demonstrated that, there was a prominent tubulointerstitial injury with loss of brush border and this degeneration was accompanied by segmental glomerular degeneration also for both control and Daflon group. Daflon-received group animals displayed significantly less periglomerular and perivascular leukocytic infiltration (P=0.015). These overall results suggest that Daflon contributes renal protection from hind limb ischemia/reperfusion injury in some degree, by decreasing systemic oxidative stress.
Pharmacological Research 07/2003; 48(1):11-5. · 4.35 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of trimetazidine (TMZ) on tissue damage in kidney after hindlimb ischemia-reperfusion (I/R), by assessing blood biochemical assay and histopathological analysis. Adult male Wistar rats were divided into two groups. TMZ 10 mg kg(-1)day(-1) was administrated twice a day for 10 days to the treatment group (group T, n=10). Sham group was given only 5% gum arabic (group S, n=10). On 11th day of treatment, 8h I/R period was performed on right hindlimb of the rats. At the end of reperfusion period, a 5 ml blood withdrawn from ascending aorta for biochemical assays and their right kidneys were harvested for histopathological examination. Superoxide dismutase, Na(+)-K(+) ATPase, and reduced glutathione levels were significantly increased in group T (P<0.001). On the other hand, myeloperoxidase and malondialdehyde levels were significantly less in group T than group S (P<0.001). Kidneys from the sham-operated group displayed intense leukocytic infiltration in histopathological examination. These overall results strongly suggested that TMZ contributes renal protection from hindlimb I/R injury by decreasing systemic oxidative stress.
Pharmacological Research 10/2002; 46(4):345-9. · 4.35 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Tissue subjected to a period of ischemia undergoes functional and morphological damage that increases during the reperfusion phase. In this study, the protective effect of aprotinin, which is a protease inhibitor, was assessed in a rabbit unilateral renal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) model. New Zealand rabbits, weighing 1.5-2 kg, were randomized to receive either aprotinin 30.000 KIU x kg(-1) and 10.000 KIU x kg(-1) x h(-1) i.v. infusion (group I, n= 7) or equivalent volumes of 0.09% sodium chloride (SF) (group II, control, n= 7) i.v. 15 minutes before a 45 minutes interruption of left renal artery blood flow and then 45 minutes of reperfusion. Blood samples were obtained before and after the ischemia-reperfusion period for measurement of nitric oxide serum (NO) levels with the nitrite/nitrate colorimetric method. Histological changes were evaluated by quantitative measurements using a numerical score (0-4) and immunohistochemical analysis of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression was determined. A Wilcoxon W -test was used for statistical analysis of biochemical measurements and mean values were expressed as +/-sd. Histological examination revealed the distinctive pattern of ischemic renal tissue injury with obvious signs of epithelial necrosis. The intensity of epithelial necrosis was more extensive in the SF group. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that there was severe immunostaining in the tubular epithelium in both cortical and medullary regions and iNOS expression was more intense in SF-only cases. The staining results for aprotinin cases did not differ much from the non-ischemic kidney. Biochemical analysis revealed an increase in serum NO levels in both groups (P< 0.05), but this was more evident in the SF group (mean NO levels were 38.63 +/- 19.03 micromol x L(-1) in group I, 50.63 +/- 24.28 micromol x L(-1) in group II). No statistically important difference was observed between the two groups. These results suggest that aprotinin may be beneficial in the prevention of systemic inflammation after transient renal ischemia.
Pharmacological Research 12/2001; 44(6):455-60. · 4.35 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Heterotopic heart transplantation is still indicated in selected patients mainly with pulmonary vascular bed problems. Cardio-pulmonary bypass (CPB) has well known deleterious effects on the pulmonary vascular bed due to leukocyte sequestration as well as on the immune response of the patients. Also the negative effects of the cardioplegia on the native heart is another drawback of the classical heterotopic heart transplantation with the use of CPB. We want to present our new implantation technique for heterotopic heart transplantation without CPB, used successfully in our institution at the Kocaeli University on a patient with resistant pulmonary hypertension and dilated cardiomyopathy.
The Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon 01/2000; 47(6):386-9. · 0.93 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Our goal was to evaluate the DE-T2 biological heart valve prosthesis in our own pulse duplicator system. Pressure drop measurements were made across DE-T2 biological aortic valve size 21. All the pulsatile flow experiments were conducted in the Marmara Research Center pulse duplicator system. The pulsatile flow pressures were measured with Motorola MPX5100DP 9306 transducers, interfaced to Vishay 4270A, 4280, 4290, bridge amplifiers and Motorola System 4000. The valve DE-T2 had a vitellium ring with a central bar. The sewing ring was covered with bovine pericardium that continued to form the leaflets. A special incision was made in the pericardium at a 90 degrees angle to the central bar for the formation of two non-anatomical leaflets. The biological aortic valve prosthesis DE-T2 is similar to the natural aortic valve in systolic function. The closing volume is a little higher than the natural valve. Studies are continuing with the aim of diminishing the closing volume and searching for the ideal preservation solution for the pericardium.