ABSTRACT: Chromatographic retention parameters of a series of 7 β-adrenolytics and of 12 antihistamine drugs were determined employing an α1-acid glycoprotein (AGP) high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) column. For the group of antihistamines capillary electrophoretic (CE) retention was additionally measured in the presence of either AGP or human serum albumin (HSA). Two series of solutes hydrophobicity parameters were obtained by reversed-phase HPLC on an immobilized artificial membrane (IAM) column. The solutes studied were subjected to molecular modelling and the structural descriptors obtained were applied in studies of quantitative structure-retention (protein binding) relationships (QSRR). It was found that retention on AGP correlates well with the literature on physiological protein binding data. This retention was demonstrated to depend on hydrophobicity: to a lesser extent in the case of β-adrenolytics and strongly in the case of antihistamines. Hydrophobicity, along with molecular width and electron excess charge on aliphatic nitrogen was demonstrated to describe retention of antihistamines on AGP. The AGP column is recommended as a convenient reactor for studies of drug–protein interactions. Preliminary CE data do not correlate with the HPLC data.
Biomedical Chromatography 04/2005; 8(3):125 - 129. · 1.97 Impact Factor