Lijie Qiao

University of Science and Technology, Beijing, Peping, Beijing, China

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Publications (13)36.11 Total impact

  • Thin Solid Films 09/2013; · 1.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lead-free potassium sodium niobate-based piezoelectric ceramics (1−y)(Na0.5−0.5xK0.5−0.5xLix)NbO3−yBiScO3 ( y=0.01, x=0–0.06) have been prepared by an ordinary sintering process. The XRD analysis showed that the structure changes from orthorhombic to tetragonal with the increase of x (at y=0.01, abbreviated as KNNBSL100x). At room temperature, the polymorphic phase transition from the orthorhombic to the tetragonal phase was identified at approximately 0.02≤x≤0.04. The piezoelectric and ferroelectric properties were significantly enhanced. The temperature dependences of the relative permittivity revealed that the Curie temperature was increased with the addition of LiNbO3. These solid solution ceramics are promising as potential lead-free candidate materials.
    Journal of the American Ceramic Society 05/2009; 92(8):1853 - 1855. · 2.43 Impact Factor
  • Journal of The American Ceramic Society - J AMER CERAM SOC. 01/2009; 92(8):1853-1855.
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    ABSTRACT: The compounds (1−x)PbTiO3–xBi(Mg,Ti)1/2O3 (x = 0–0.7) were prepared in order to hunt for low thermal expansion piezoceramics, in particular for zero thermal expansion over a wide temperature range. The negative thermal expansion of PbTiO3 was much weakened by forming a solid solution with Bi(Mg,Ti)1/2O3. Solutions of (1−x)PbTiO3–xBi(Mg,Ti)1/2O3 with x = 0.2 and x = 0.4 exhibited zero thermal expansion covering a wide temperature range (from RT to about 500 °C). The (1−x)PbTiO3–xBi(Mg,Ti)1/2O3 ceramics had high density and their mechanical performances were satisfactory with high fracture toughness. The promising applications of the zero thermal expansion materials (1−x)PbTiO3–xBi(Mg,Ti)1/2O3 are due to its high piezoelectric d33, controllable thermal expansion, and high thermal stability.
    Journal of Materials Chemistry 01/2009; 19(11). · 6.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: 0.96(Na,K)(Nb0.9Ta0.1)O3–0.04LiSbO3 powders in the orthorhombic phase were synthesized in the molten salt KCl at a low temperature 800 °C. It was revealed that K+ in the molten salt tended to substitute Na+ in the A-sites and the final product 0.96(Na0.29K0.71)(Nb0.9Ta0.1)O3–0.04LiSbO3 was synthesized from the nominal composition 0.96(Na0.5K0.5)(Nb0.9Ta0.1)O3–0.04LiSbO3. The dense ceramics under pressureless were obtained by sintering in the air. The ceramics exhibited high piezoelectric constant d33 of 239 pC/N and good remnant polarization Pr of 30.79 μC/cm2 with coercive electric field Ec of 2.01 kV/mm. And leakage current was reduced by muffling the ceramics with the as-prepared powders during the sintering process.
    Journal of Alloys and Compounds 01/2009; 471:428-431. · 2.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lead-free potassium sodium niobate-based piezoelectric ceramics (1−x)(Na0.5K0.5)NbO3–xBiScO3 (KNN–BS) (x=0∼0.05) have been prepared by an ordinary sintering process. Single perovskite phase of KNN–BS exhibits an orthorhombic symmetry at x<0.015 and pseudocubic symmetry at x>0.02, separating by a MPB at 0.015≤x≤0.02. Piezoelectric and ferroelectric properties are significantly enhanced in the MPB, which are as follows: piezoelectric constant d33=203 pC/N, planar coupling coefficient kp=0.36, remnant polarization Pr=24.4 μC/cm2. These solid solution ceramics look promising as a potential lead-free candidate materials.
    Journal of the American Ceramic Society 12/2008; 92(1):130 - 132. · 2.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lead-free piezoelectric ceramics (1−x)(Na0.5K0.5)NbO3-xBiFeO3 (x=0~0.07) were synthesized by the solid-state reaction. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) measurements revealed that an increase in the amount of BiFeO3 dopant resulted in a decrease in the orthorhombic-tetragonal and tetragonal-cubic phase transition temperature of the material. One percent BiFeO3 additive suppressed grain growth, which not only benefits the sintering of ceramics but also enhances the piezoelectric and ferroelectric properties, where d33=145pC/N, kp=0.31, Qm=80, Pr=11.3 μC cm−2 and Ec=16.5 kV cm−1. As xBF>0.01, both piezoelectric and ferroelectric properties decreased rapidly with an increasing amount of dopant.
    Science and Technology of Advanced Materials 06/2008; 9(2):025004. · 3.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Micron-scale platelet (Na, K)NbO3 particles were synthesized from the platelet precursor K4Nb6O17 in a KCl medium using a topochemical method . The salt took part in the reaction and affected the composition of the products. Stoichiometric (Na0.5K0.5)NbO3 could be accurately synthesized by controlling the amount of the reactant Na2CO3. X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that the crystallographic {010} plane of K4Nb6O17 was converted into the pseudo-cubic {001} plane of (Na0.5K0.5)NbO3. The polycrystalline Na0.5K0.5NbO3 particles exhibited a plate-like shape with a high aspect ratio, and were suitable for preparing textured ceramics by the template grain growth process. (© Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 69451 Weinheim, Germany, 2008)
    Berichte der deutschen chemischen Gesellschaft 03/2008; 2008(13):2186 - 2190. · 2.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hexagonal ilmenite-type (Zn1−xMnx)TiO3 (0≤x≤0.9) ceramic powders were synthesized by a sol–gel route including the Pechini process with heat treatments at 600°C for 3h and 800°C for 6h. The thermal stability of ZnTiO3 dielectric ceramics was improved (>1200°C) by doping manganese. The dielectric constant of (Zn1−xMnx)TiO3 ceramic was higher than those of (Zn, M)TiO3 (M=Co, Ni, etc.), increased with the amount of manganese in the range of 0≤x
    Journal of Alloys and Compounds 01/2008; 456(1):353-357. · 2.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: (K1–xNax)NbO3 (x = 0.01, 0.24, 0.89, 0.91, 0.99) single crystalline powders with perovskite structure were synthesized by a hydrothermal method with Nb2O5 in a mixed solution of KOH and NaOH at 220 °C for 24 h. XRD investigations showed that the structure of the synthesized (K1–xNax)NbO3 ceramics changed from a KNbO3-type orthorhombic phase (space group Bmm2) to a NaNbO3-type monoclinic phase (space group Pm) with the increase of Na content. The present results confirmed that (K1–xNax)NbO3 exhibited a morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) at around 50 %K separating the orthorhombic phase and monoclinic phase. FE-SEM images showed that the morphological structures of niobates were cubes and nanofingers. The TEM image and the selected area electron diffraction pattern of (K0.01Na0.99)NbO3 showed the as-synthesized powder was single crystalline and indexed to be monoclinic. The phase evolution of the products in the hydrothermal route revealed that the hydrothermal synthesis of (K1–xNax)NbO3 underwent two steps, where an intermediate product (K8–8xNa8x)Nb6O19·n H2O was found in the early stage and then pure (K1–xNax)NbO3 was obtained after another 30 min of hydrothermal treatment.(© Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 69451 Weinheim, Germany, 2007)
    Berichte der deutschen chemischen Gesellschaft 03/2007; 2007(13):1884 - 1888. · 2.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Well monodispersed and large-scaled Pr-doped ceria nanorods were prepared via a high-temperature precipitation and low-temperature aging route without further sintering. X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and selected-area electron diffraction indicated that the as-prepared ceria nanorods had a cubic fluorite structure and the morphologies of the products were uniform, being ∼30 nm in diameter and ∼400 nm in length. The physisorption experiments showed a high specific surface area of Pr-doped ceria nanorods.
    Scripta Materialia 02/2007; 56(4):301-304. · 2.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A facile molten salt synthesis route was developed to prepare ZnTiO3 ceramic powders with simple oxides ZnO and TiO2 using sodium and potassium chloride eutectic salts as flux. The role of calcination temperature and time and the amount of salt addition to ZnTiO3 formation was investigated by thermogravimetry-differential thermal analysis, X-ray diffraction and Fourier transformation-infrared spectroscopy measurements. Pure hexagonal phase of ZnTiO3 could be obtained from the mixture of the simple oxides and the chlorides (50 mol% KCl, 20 times to oxides in molar ratio) heating at 800°C for 6 h. The scanning electron microscopy images revealed the products were hexagonal sheets of about 1–3 μm size. Increasing the amount of salt aids in reducing the crystal sizes of final ceramic powders because of diluting the solution.
    Journal of the American Ceramic Society 03/2006; 89(3):1150 - 1152. · 2.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A multi-component substitution of Co and Ni was incorporated into ZnTiO3 to form pure hexagonal Zn1−x(Co1/2Ni1/2)xTiO3 (x=0,0.8,0.9,1.0) dielectric ceramic powders by a modified sol–gel route, following heat treatments at 600°C for 3 h and at 800°C for 6 h. Differential scanning calorimetry measurements revealed that the order of increasing thermal stability of solid solution compound Zn1−x(Co1/2Ni1/2)xTiO3 was ZnTiO3 (945°C), Zn0.1Ni0.9TiO3 (1346°C), Zn0.1(Co1/2Ni1/2)0.9TiO3 (1390°C), and Zn0.1Co0.9TiO3 (>1400°C). Both the dielectric constant and loss tangent reached a maximum at x=0.8 and then decreased with solubility, x, and measurement frequency.
    Journal of the American Ceramic Society 01/2006; 89(3). · 2.43 Impact Factor