Publications (2)0 Total impact
Article: Chlorpromazine inhibits hepatocyte apoptosis caused by withdrawal of phenobarbital in mice.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To study the inhibitory effect of chlorpromazine (Chl), verapamil, and aspirin on hepatocyte apoptosis induced by the cessation of phenobarbital (Phe) treatment in mice. Liver DNA content, ratio of liver weight/body weight, DNA fragmentation, DNA electrophoresis, the end-labeling test (TUNEL), and the morphologic changes of liver cells as indices of liver mass and hepatocyte apoptosis were applied to investigate (1) the kinetic process of hepatocyte proliferation induced by Phe 75 mg.kg-1 i.p. and the regression of hyperplastic liver caused by withdrawal of Phe in mice, (2) the effect of Chl 25 mg.kg-1, verapamil 50 mg.kg-1 or aspirin 60 mg.kg-1 i.p. on mouse hepatocyte apoptosis, and (3) the time course of effects of Chl on the regression of liver size and DNA fragmentation content after withdrawal of Phe. The process of hepatocyte proliferation and regression induced by administration and withdrawal of Phe in mice consisted of 4 phases: proliferation, plateau, rapid regression, and slow regression phases. In the rapid regression phase, the typic changes of hepatocyte apoptosis were found, which was prevented in early period by the Ca(2+)-calmodulin antagonist Chl, but not by verapamil or aspirin. The Ca(2+)-calmodulin played an important role in the hepatocyte apoptosis caused by withdrawal of Phe.Zhongguo yao li xue bao = Acta pharmacologica Sinica 12/1999; 20(11):970-4.
Article: [Inhibitory effects of neferine and tetrandrine on portal vein and papillary muscle in rats].[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To determine the vascular selectivity, the inhibitory effects of verapamil (Ver), neferine (Nef), and tetrandrine (Tet) on the spontaneous contractile force of portal vein and contractile force of the paced papillary muscle of left ventricle were studied in Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). The vascular selectivity was expressed by the IC50 ratio (IC50 for papillary muscle/IC50 for portal vein). The results showed that the vascular selectivity values of Ver, Nef, and Tet were 1.15, 0.32, and 0.20, respectively in WKY and 0.80, 0.24, and 0.10, respectively in SHR. It is concluded that Nef and Tet, in contrast with Ver which is devoid of selectivity for either tissue, are more liable to inhibit the myocardium than the vascular smooth muscle. In addition, the IC50 value of Tet for inhibition of the portal vein in SHR was nearly 10-fold higher than that in WKY (237 and 27 mumol.L-1, respectively). This indicates that the response of portal vein to Tet is decreased in SHR.Zhongguo yao li xue bao = Acta pharmacologica Sinica 08/1992; 13(4):359-61.