Ji An Hur

Yeungnam University, Onyang, South Chungcheong, South Korea

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Publications (3)2.92 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Despite their popular use in breast augmentation and reconstruction surgeries, the limited biocompatibility of silicone implants can induce severe side effects, including capsular contracture, an excessive foreign body reaction that forms a tight and hard fibrous capsule around the implant. This study examines the effects of using biomembrane-mimic surface coatings to prevent capsular formations on silicone implants. The covalently attached biomembrane-mimic polymer, poly(2- methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine) (PMPC), prevented nonspecific protein adsorption and fibroblast adhesion on the silicone surface. More importantly, in vivo capsule formations around PMPC-grafted silicone implants in rats were significantly thinner and exhibited lower collagen densities and more regular collagen alignments than bare silicone implants. The observed decrease in α-smooth muscle actin also supported the alleviation of capsular formation by the biomembranemimic coating. Decreases in inflammation-related cells, myeloperoxidase, and transforming growth factor-β resulted in reduced inflammation in the capsular tissue. The biomembrane-mimic coatings used on these silicone implants demonstrate great potential for preventing capsular contracture and developing biocompatible materials for various biomedical applications.
    Acta biomaterialia. 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Anthocyanins are known to have antioxidant and antiinflammatory effects. We hypothesized that anthocyanins would enhance wound healing in Sprague-Dawley rats. The purpose of this study was to evaluate our hypothesis and investigate the mechanism of wound healing enhancement. The cytoprotective effect of an immortalized epidermal keratinocyte cell line (HaCaT) and human neonatal dermal fibroblasts in response to various concentrations of anthocyanins was determined. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and thrombospondin 1 (TSP1) of HaCaT were measured by Western blot analysis. Anthocyanins were applied to the wounds in rats, and the healing ratio was calculated. Tissue VEGF, TSP1, CD31, nuclear factor-κB, and phosphorylation of IκBα were measured. The viability of the HaCaT cell line and human neonatal dermal fibroblasts increased under cytotoxicity by H2O2 in the anthocyanin-treated groups. The VEGF in the anthocyanin-treated groups increased, whereas TSP1 decreased. Wounds in the experimental groups healed faster, and VEGF and CD31 increased in the experimental groups, whereas TSP1 decreased. Anthocyanins inhibited the translocation of nuclear factor-κB (p65) from cytosol to nucleus and also prevented the phosphorylation of IκBα. Anthocyanins enhance wound healing through a cytoprotective effect, enhancement of angiogenesis, and an antiinflammatory effect.
    Annals of plastic surgery 02/2013; · 1.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ischemia-reperfusion injury is a phenomenon that occurs when tissues are subjected to ischemia for a variable period of time, and then reperfused. Inflammatory reaction has been implicated as one of the most important mechanism of ischemia-reperfusion injury. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the anti-inflammatory effects of anthocyanins from black soybean seed coat on keratinocytes in vitro and ischemia-reperfusion injury in vivo. We investigated the inhibition, by anthocyanins, of the expression of various inflammatory genes associated with ischemia-reperfusion injury in the tumor necrosis factor-alpha-treated (TNF-α) immortalized epidermal keratinocyte cell line (HaCaT). We also investigated the effects of anthocyanins on the survival of skin flaps after ischemia-reperfusion injury in the rats. According to Western blot analysis and a luciferase activity assay, anthocyanins inhibited TNF-α-induced intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) levels through the NF-κB-dependent pathway. Administration of anthocyanins (50 and 100 mg/kg) significantly improved the flap area survival in the 10-hour ischemic model from 62% to 74.5% and 83%, respectively (P = 0.001). The related cytokines in skin flap also changed as the same pattern as in vitro. Our results indicate that anthocyanins from black soybean seed coat had anti-inflammatory effects on the HaCaT cell line and increase the survival of skin flaps through anti-inflammatory properties against ischemia-reperfusion injury. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Microsurgery, 2012.
    Microsurgery 07/2012; 32(7):563-70. · 1.62 Impact Factor