[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Microscopic colitis (MC) is characterized by a triad of watery diarrhea, usually normal colonoscopic findings and typical microscopic findings. Two distinct histological forms of MC have been defined: lymphocytic colitis and collagenous colitis, but overlapping features may be present. The incidence of MC appears to be rising, and in some countries it may account for as much as 10-20% of the cases with non-bloody, watery diarrhea. The cause of MC remains unknown and is likely multifactorial. The pathogenesis is poorly defined, and numerous immunological abnormalities have been reported. MC is commonly associated with autoimmune diseases including celiac disease. Use of various medications, most notably non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents and proton pump inhibitors, have been etiologically implicated but not firmly established as causative. In imperfect trials, several agents have been reported effective in the treatment of MC; budesonide is the best-studied, and evidence supporting its effectiveness is the most persuasive. In cases of otherwise unexplained watery, non-bloody diarrhea, MC should be considered and colonic biopsied specimens should be taken of normal-appearing mucosa.
Journal of Digestive Diseases 02/2013; · 1.85 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Vancomycin is the most frequent trigger of drug-induced linear IgA bullous dermatosis. We describe a fulminant case of linear IgA bullous dermatosis in a 74-year-old man who experienced skin sloughing of 90% of his body surface after receiving vancomycin.
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 06/2003; 48(5 Suppl):S56-7. · 4.91 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: c-kit expression by immunohistochemistry has been utilized to identify cancer patients who can be treated with imatinib-mesylate. In gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs), an activating mutation in c-kit predicts treatment response; its presence in other soft tissue tumors is unexplored.
We evaluated seven cases of dedifferentiated liposarcomas (DDLS) and compared those with seven well-differentiated liposarcomas (WDLS). Immunohistochemical staining for c-kit was performed using a polyclonal antibody. Using PCR, exons 9, 10-11, 12-13 and 17 of c-kit were amplified and direct DNA sequencing performed.
Two out of 7 (30%) DDLS showed focal weak immunoreactivity with c-kit; no (0%) WDLS stained with c-kit. Seven out of 7 (100%) DDLS showed an allelic variation in exon 10, with a single base pair substitution (A >C) at codon 541; 3/7 (43%) WDLS showed the same change.
c-kit immunoreactivity did not correlate with the change in DNA sequence; DDLS showed a consistent allelic variation in c-kit that may have significant prognostic, diagnostic and therapeutic implications.
Anticancer research 25(3B):2215-20. · 1.71 Impact Factor