Eunice Goh

Singapore Eye Research Institute, Tumasik, Singapore

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Publications (3)7.24 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Taking advantage of the cluster effect observed in multivalent peptides, this work describes antifungal activity and possible mechanism of action of tetravalent peptide (B4010) which carries 4 copies of the sequence RGRKVVRR through a branched lysine core. B4010 displayed better antifungal properties than natamycin and amphotericin B. The peptide retained significant activity in the presence of monovalent/divalent cations, trypsin and serum and tear fluid. Moreover, B4010 is non-haemolytic and non-toxic to mice by intraperitoneal (200 mg/kg) or intravenous (100 mg/kg) routes. S. cerevisiae mutant strains with altered membrane sterol structures and composition showed hyper senstivity to B4010. The peptide had no affinity for cell wall polysaccharides and caused rapid dissipation of membrane potential and release of vital ions and ATP when treated with C. albicans. We demonstrate that additives which alter the membrane potential or membrane rigidity protect C. albicans from B4010-induced lethality. Calcein release assay and molecular dynamics simulations showed that the peptide preferentially binds to mixed bilayer containing ergosterol over phophotidylcholine-cholesterol bilayers. The studies further suggested that the first arginine is important for mediating peptide-bilayer interactions. Replacing the first arginine led to a 2-4 fold decrease in antifungal activities and reduced membrane disruption properties. The combined in silico and in vitro approach should facilitate rational design of new tetravalent antifungal peptides.
    PLoS ONE 02/2014; 9(2):e87730. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0087730 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A series of optically transparent ZnS-poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) nanocomposite films with high refractive indices and high Abbe numbers have been prepared. Mercaptoethanol (ME) capped ZnS nanoparticles (NPs) were introduced into the PVP polymer matrix via simple blending with high nanophase contents. ME-ZnS NPs of around 3 nm were prepared from zinc acetate and thiourea precursors in N,N-dimethylformamide using ME as a capping agent. Transparent nanocomposite films with high refractive indices and high Abbe numbers can be easily prepared by a conventional film casting method. TGA results indicated that the ZnS/PVP nanocomposite films exhibit good thermal stability and the measured contents of ZnS NPs in the films agree well with the theoretical values. The refractive indices and the Abbe numbers of the ZnS/PVP nanocomposite films range from 1.5061 to 1.7523 and 55.6 to 20.4 with the content of ME-ZnS NPs varied between 0 and 80 wt %, respectively. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2013
    Journal of Applied Polymer Science 08/2013; 129(4). DOI:10.1002/app.38883 · 1.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Functionalization of material surfaces can improve their biointegration and bactericidal effect. To expand the biomedical applications of titanium in artificial cornea implantation surgery, titanium alloy substrates were coated with polydopamine and dual bound with recombinant vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and anti-microbial peptide (AMP), SESB2V. Successful chemical binding was assessed with attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Coating thickness was assessed by atomic force microscopy. Cellular studies revealed that the functionalized substrates displayed the abilities to enhance primary human corneal fibroblast adhesion, proliferation, and viability. Angiogenesis assay with human mesenchymal stem cells was used to verify the biological functions of immobilized VEGF while bactericidal assay was evaluated for the anti-microbial activities of immobilized SESB2V peptide. We found that the titanium surface that was sequentially functionalized with VEGF and SESB2V had enhanced fibroblast proliferation and anti-microbial properties. The incorporation of such peptides into an artificial cornea implant is important for implant-tissue integration and wound healing. This may improve implant integration and reduce the risk of device infection following artificial cornea implantation. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 2012.
    Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B Applied Biomaterials 11/2012; 100(8):2090-100. DOI:10.1002/jbm.b.32774 · 2.31 Impact Factor