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Publications (2)4.27 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to determine the possibility of creating a novel animal model of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in rabbits by the periarterial application of papain. Twelve New Zealand white rabbits were randomized into two groups: (1) the papain group, which received 2mg of papain (n=8) and (2) the control group, which received physiologic saline solution (n=4). A 1-cm aortic segment proximal to the bifurcation was isolated, and its adventitia was incubated with papain for 20 minutes. The rabbits underwent intravenous digital subtraction angiography (IVDSA) 5 and 21 days after the operation. The animals were then humanely killed for histomorphometric and immunohistochemical studies. All animals in the papain group developed AAA, with an average aneurysm diameter of 4.0±0.6 and 4.1±0.4mm on days 5 and 21, respectively. No aneurysms were seen in the control group. On day 5, the papain-incubated aortas exhibited thinned and disorganized aortic walls, with decreased smooth muscle cells (SMCs) and fragmented and almost nonexistent elastic lamella. Media thickening, intimal hyperplasia, and smooth muscle cell regeneration were obvious on day 21. Immunostaining of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 and RAM11 showed strong expression in the papain group. On the contrary, the control group did not present histologic alterations and showed almost no expression of MMP-9 and RAM11. A novel in vivo rabbit model of AAA can be induced through periarterial application of papain for 20 minutes. This model is similar to an elastase-induced aneurysm model and could be useful to clarify AAA pathogenesis and endovascular treatment intervention.
    Journal of vascular and interventional radiology: JVIR 11/2012; 23(11):1529-36. · 1.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Low frequency and intensity ultrasound (LFU) sonication can selectively induce brain tumor cell apoptosis without damaging neural cells, while also enhancing drug delivery to brain tumors. To explore the underlying mechanisms of related pathways in LFU-induced apoptosis, we investigated the expression of proteins associated with LFU-induced apoptosis. C6 cells were used for in vitro experiments and C6 tumor-bearing rats were used during in vivo experiments. 3-[4.5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide; thiazolyl blue (MTT) assay was used to detect C6 cell viability in vitro. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) analysis was used to check the apoptotic cells, and they were counted and analyzed both in vitro and in vivo. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was used to illustrate the ultrastructure of apoptotic nuclei of cancer cells in vivo. The expressions of caspase-3, Bcl-2, and survivin proteins were assessed by immunofluorescence, immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis in vivo. C6 cell viability decrease was statistically significant; the numbers of apoptotic C6 cells in the LFU sonication groups were higher than those in the control group both in vitro and in vivo. The expression of caspase-3 increased, yet the expressions of Bcl-2 and survivin decreased significantly 6h after LFU sonication, compared with the control group in vivo. This study suggests that LFU can induce apoptosis in vitro and in vivo, and that three signaling proteins, caspase-3, Bcl-2, and survivin, might be involved in LFU-induced apoptosis.
    Brain research 07/2012; 1473:25-34. · 2.46 Impact Factor