[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Numerous studies have been carried out to determine whether an Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection can be considered a risk factor for multiple sclerosis (MS), following the evidence of an increase in IgG response to nuclear antigen-1 (EBNA-1) in both serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from MS patients. However, the possible interaction between EBV and MS has still not been well characterized, and the possible pathogenic role is yet to be determined. A case-control study (76 cases and 75 controls) was conducted to investigate anti-EBV antibodies synthesis in serum and CSF through intrathecal specific IgG synthesis to EBNA-1, as well as the presence of EBV DNA in plasma, peripheral blood mononuclear cells, and CSF from MS patients. Intrathecal EBNA-1 specific IgG synthesis was detected in 6.6% MS patients and in 17.3% controls. No EBV DNA was found in plasma or CSF, and our findings showed no evidence of high intrathecal EBNA-1 specific IgG synthesis or of significant EBV DNA in CSF in MS patients.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a virus present all throughout the world that causes infectious mononucleosis (IM) and is highly associated with certain malignancies. This study is a review of current knowledge concerning the pathogenic mechanisms of EBV in tumor and auto-immune diseases and the different new strategies to treat EBV associated pathologies. Phenomena surrounding the proliferation and immortalization of B lymphocytes, the mechanisms of immune escape and the role of CD8+ and CD4+ T cells in the infection by EBV are explained. An analysis is made of the role of EBV proteins during the biological events that take place in primary infection, persistent chronic infection together with an update of the approaches of novel patented therapeutics. Currently there is no vaccine protecting against EBV-associated disorders and no treatment that may inhibit or eliminate their progression. Thus, it is crucial to obtain additional information on the function and importance of genes that play a role on the development of those diseases with which it is associated, as well as on the humoral and cellular immune processes involved in them.
Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry 09/2010; 10(10):914-27. · 2.87 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Numerous studies have been carried out to determine whether infection by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) can be considered as a risk factor for multiple sclerosis (MS). This work is a meta-analysis of case-control observational studies published before January 2009 aimed at assessing the degree of association between EBV and MS infections. A Medline electronic database search was carried out using "Epstein-Barr virus" and "multiple sclerosis" as keywords, from which we selected 30 published studies that met our methodology criteria. We found an association between MS and an exposure to EBV, studied by determining the anti-VCA IgG antibodies (odds ratio [OR] = 5.5; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 3.37-8.81; p < 0.0001), anti-complex EBNA IgG (OR = 5.4; 95% CI = 2.94-9.76; p < 0.0001) and anti-EBNA-1 IgG (OR = 12.1; 95% CI = 3.13-46.89; p < 0.0001). No significant association could be found when studying anti-EA IgG (OR = 1.3; 95% CI = 0.68-2.35; p = 0.457), EBV DNA in serum (OR = 1.8; 95% CI = 0.99-3.36; p = 0.051) and DNA in brain tissues and in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) (OR = 0.9; 95% CI = 0.38-2.01; p = 0.768). This meta-analysis detected an association between infection by EBV and MS through the investigation of antibodies, mainly anti-EBNA-1, anti-complex EBNA and anti-VCA IgG.
European Journal of Clinical Microbiology 07/2010; 29(7):857-66. · 3.02 Impact Factor