J Zhang

University of British Columbia - Vancouver, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

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Publications (8)21.84 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: In this work, the liquid crystal (S)-2-methylbutyl-[4'-(4' '-heptyloxyphenyl)-benzoyl-4-oxy-(S)-2-((S)-2')-benzoyl)-propionyl)]-propionate (ZLL 7/*) was investigated by means of 13C NMR spectroscopy. This compound has a very peculiar mesomorphic behavior, showing the following phases: paraelectric SmA, ferroelectric SmC*, antiferroelectric SmC*A, re-entrant ferroelectric SmC*re, and ferroelectric hexatic Sm*HEX. The structural and orientational ordering properties of ZLL 7/* have been determined by exploiting the nuclear chemical shielding properties of 13C. To this aim, solid-state NMR techniques such as CP, SPINAL-64, and SUPER have been used in combination with DFT calculations. The agreement between experimental and in vacuo DFT shielding parameters appears to be satisfactory. The orientational order parameters obtained from the 13C shielding analysis have been discussed, taking into account different data analysis approaches and comparing them to those previously obtained from an independent 2H NMR study.
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry B 09/2007; 111(33):9787-94. · 3.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study reports deuterium nuclear-magnetic-resonance (NMR) spectra collected at 61.4MHz in the chiral smectic- C phase of liquid crystal 4{'}(octyloxy)-d{17} biphenyl-4- yl2 -chloro-3-methylpentanoate (BP8Cl). By using a goniometer probe, the oriented sample was rotated to collect spectra at different rotation (theta) angles. These spectra were simulated to gain information on solitonlike distortions in the helical superstructure. The Landau theory was adopted to study the distortion of the helix by the NMR magnetic field. Deuterium two-dimensional exchange experiments were also used on the aligned sample at theta=15 degrees to obtain dynamic parameters through the spectral simulation. The interlayer diffusion constants in the SmC{*} phase were estimated from a proton T(1) dispersion study. The pitch length of BP8Cl is estimated to be circa 2-3 microns at one temperature.
    Physical Review E 01/2007; 74(6 Pt 1):061704. · 2.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Carbon-13 NMR spectroscopy is used to probe the orientational ordering in the smectic A phase of a chiral liquid crystal. Quantitative analyses of the chemical shifts and dipolar splittings of the aromatic carbons enable us to obtain the location of the long molecular axis of the molecular core and its molecular order parameters S00, S02 in the smectic A phase. The results from different NMR methods show self consistency and further demonstrate the general methodology of 13C NMR for the determination of orientational ordering in liquid crystals.
    Chemical Physics Letters 01/2007; 441(4):237-244. · 2.15 Impact Factor
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    J Zhang, Ronald Y Dong
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    ABSTRACT: Deuterium NMR spectra are reported in powder samples of discotic monomer and dimer as a function of temperature in their column Col(ho) phases. To simulate the observed powder patterns, a threefold jump model is used in the monomer, while in the related dimer the libration motion of the monomeric core is described using the infinitesimal jump method under a restricting potential due to the spacer. By comparing the diffusive rates for the two samples, it is concluded that the planar motion in the dimer is at least 30 times smaller than that of the monomer. This could lead to an enhancement of charge and energy transport in discotic dimer systems.
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry B 09/2006; 110(31):15075-9. · 3.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A deuterium NMR (DNMR) study of the TGBA* (twist grain boundary smectic A*) phase in an NMR magnetic field of 9.4 T for the chiral compound 4-[4'-(1-methyl heptyloxy)] biphenyl 4-(10-undecenyloxy) benzoate (11EB1M7) is reported. The deuterium two-dimensional (2D) exchange spectra were observed for the first time in this phase. The present study allows us to learn how the helicoidal structures arrange in an external magnetic field. To derive quantitative kinetic parameters of this novel phase, both 1D and 2D experimental spectra were simulated by means of a jump diffusion model. By comparing the experimental and simulated spectra, an accurate determination of the dynamic parameters in the TGBA* phase was obtained. Furthermore, the twist angle between two neighboring smectic A blocks is found as 26 +/- 10 degrees, which is consistent with the X-ray results for similar chiral liquid crystals. The diffusion constant (D(parallel)) is estimated to be 3.2 x 10(-12) m(2)/s at 379.5 K.
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry B 09/2006; 110(31):15193-7. · 3.61 Impact Factor
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    J Zhang, Ronald Y Dong
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    ABSTRACT: A detailed (2)H NMR study of a discotic monomer is reported in its columnar phase at 61.4 MHz. A simulation of angular-dependent spectral patterns and/or signal intensities of the aromatic deuterons is shown to provide information on the small step (or jump) diffusion rates in the low temperature region of the D(ho) phase, where the motion is in the intermediate motion regime. In the high end of this phase, the motion falls into the fast motion regime and spectral patterns become insensitive to the diffusion rate. In such a case, angular-dependent NMR signal intensities were used to give the required dynamic information. The diffusive motion about the columnar axis is found to be thermally activated with an activation energy of 69 kJ/mol. Deuteron spin-lattice relaxation rates were measured at 61.4 MHz and interpreted by a conventional rotational diffusion model in order to complement and compare with the above study when possible.
    Physical Review E 07/2006; 73(6 Pt 1):061704. · 2.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Solid state NMR techniques are used to study bent-shape achiral molecules which can form a new type of mesophases, known as ‘banana’ or B phases. In particular, a recent method called SUPER is applied to two solids of this type of polar mesogens, rotating at the magic angle, to extract carbon-13 chemical shift anisotropy tensors. They are useful not only to aid 13C peak assignments in the isotropic state, but are necessary for accounting the observed chemical shifts of various carbon sites, resided on the bent-core aromatic part, in the spectrum of an aligned mesophase. An example to extract ordering information is given for one of the studied mesogens.
    Chemical Physics Letters 01/2006; 417:475-479. · 2.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Molecular reorientations and internal conformational transitions of an aligned chiral liquid crystal (LC) 10B1M7 are studied by means of deuterium spin-lattice relaxation in its smectic A (SmA) and smectic C* (SmC*) phase. The motional model which is applicable to uniaxial phases of many LCs is found to be adequate even when the phase is a tilted SmC* phase. The deuterium NMR spectrum in this phase cannot discern rotations of the molecular director about the pitch axis. The basic assumption is that the phase biaxiality is practically unobservable. However, the relaxation rates can be accounted for by the tilt angle between the molecular director and the layer normal in the SmC* phase. The tumbling motion appears to show a higher activation energy upon entering from the uniaxial SmA into the SmC* phase.
    Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance 10/2005; 28(2-4):173-9. · 2.10 Impact Factor